What oral cavity can show in COVID-19 patients? Literature integrative review

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v10i4.14072

Keywords:

Coronavirus; Dentistry; Oral medicine.

Abstract

COVID-19, a pandemic disease, does not have its pathogenesis completely clarified although it is a polysystemic infection that may even present oral manifestations, due to the ability of the SARS-CoV-2 virus to bind to the angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE-2). This integrative literature review aims to identify the main oral manifestations of SARS-CoV2 virus infection and seek to establish whether or not there is a relationship between the appearance of oral manifestations and the systemic condition and prognosis of this patient. To perform this work, the Pubmed database was used, with the selection of 11 articles, after applying the inclusion and exclusion criteria, based on the PRISMA-ScR strategy for qualitative analysis. The results show that the most prevalent oral manifestations associated with COVID-19 are oral candidiasis and ulcerated lesions, but herpetic lesions, desquamative gingivitis, necrotizing periodontitis, among others, can also occur. In addition, they present taste impairment as the most common symptom, with dysgeusia being the most prevalent. And although some researchers already report an association between more severe manifestations of the disease and dissemination of oral lesions, more clinical and randomized studies are needed to definitively elucidate the relationship between oral manifestations and the prognosis of the systemic syndrome of COVID-19.

Author Biographies

Thiago de Amorim Carvalho, Centro Universitário de Patos de Minas

Docente do curso de graduação em Odontologia do Centro Unversitário de Patos de Minas, Patos de Minas, MG, Brasil.

Mestre e Doutorando em Clínica Odontológica Integrada pelo Programa de Pós Graduação em Odontologia da Faculdade de Odontologia da Universidade Federal de Uberlândia.

Dayviddy Lucas Magalhães Silva, Centro Universitário de Patos de Minas

Acadêmico do curso de graduação em Odontologia do Centro Universitário de Patos de Minas, Patos de Minas, MG, Brasil. 

 

Laura Cesário Oliveira, Centro Universitário de Patos de Minas

Acadêmica do Curso de Graduação em Odontologia do Centro Universitário de Patos de Minas, Patos de Minas, MG, Brasil.

Fabrício Campos Machado, Centro Universitário de Patos de Minas

Docente do Curso de Graduação em Odontologia do Centro Universitário de Patos de Minas, Patos de Minas, MG, Brasil.

Especialista em Odontopediatria e Mestrando em Clínica Odontológica Integrada pelo Programa de Pós Graduação em Odontologia da Faculdade de Odontologia da Universidade Federal de Uberlândia.

Rodrigo Soares de Andrade, Centro Universitário de Patos de Minas

Docente do curso de Graduação em Odontologia do Centro Universitário de Patos de Minas, Patos de Minas, MG, Brasil. 

Mestre em Estomatologia e Doutor em Patologia Oral pela Universidade de Campinas. 

Veridiana Resende Novais, Universidade Federal de Uberlândia

Docente no curso de graduação em Odontologia e no Programa de Pós Graduação em Odontologia (PPGO) da Faculdade de Odontologia da Universidade Federal de Uberlândia (FOUFU).

Mestre em Reabilitação Oral pelo PPGO/UFU.

Doutora em Materiais Dentários pela UNICAMP.

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Published

04/04/2021

How to Cite

CARVALHO, T. de A. .; SILVA, D. L. M.; OLIVEIRA, L. C.; MACHADO, F. C.; ANDRADE, R. S. de; NOVAIS, V. R. What oral cavity can show in COVID-19 patients? Literature integrative review. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 10, n. 4, p. e17710414072, 2021. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v10i4.14072. Disponível em: https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/14072. Acesso em: 20 apr. 2021.

Issue

Section

Review Article