Surface roughness of composite resins submitted to three different finish and polish systems
Keywords:Dental aesthetics; Composite resins; Dental polishing; Operative dentistry.
Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the in vitro performance of three different finishing and polishing systems, concerning providing better surface smoothness. Materials and methods: 2x4 mm specimens were made with 6 composites: Filtek Z250, Classic Herculite, Opalis, Filtek Z350, Zirconfilll and Estelite Omega, which were subsequently divided into four groups according to a different finishing system (Sof-Lex, OptiDisc, Praxis and Control). After polishing, twelve specimens were distributed to each of the six resins studied, making a total of 72 samples (n = 3), which had their roughness evaluated by a contact roughnessmeter. The Kruskal-Wallis test and Dunn's post-test with Bonferroni adjustment were used to search for significant differences. Values were considered significant when p <0.05. Results: The roughness values for finishing systems showed statistical differences between OpiDisc x Praxis (p = 1,000), OpiDisc and Sof-lex (p = 0.605) and Control and all systems (p <0.0001). There was no statistical difference when analyzing the combination of resin x system. The Mylar strip provided surface quality. Conclusions: The size, composition and shape of the filler influenced the surface. Sof-lex and Praxis showed similar results, thus being a good choice for polishing. Clinical Relevance: This study aimed to help the professional in the choice of a better material in the polishing step.
Abzal, M. S., & Rathakrishnan, M., & Prakash, V., & Vivekanandhan, P., & Subbiya, A., & Sukumaran, V. G (2016). Evaluation of surface roughness of three different composite resins with three different polishing systems. J Conserv Dent, 19 (2), 171-174
Alves, C. B., & Giuriato, J. B., & Turbino, M. L., & Oda, M (2015). Rugosidade superficial de diferentes resinas compostas comparando sistemas de acabamento e polimento e após a profilaxia com jato de bicarbonato – Estudo in vitro. Clinical and Laboratorial Research in Dentistry, 21 (1), 11-17.
Ardu, S., &Duc,O., &Bella, E.D., & Krejci, I (2018). Color stability of different composite resins after polishing. Odontology, 106 (3), 328-333.
Avsar, A., & Yuzbasioglu, E., & Sarac, D. (2015). The Effect of Finishing and Polishing Techniques on the Surface Roughness and the Color of Nanocomposite Resin Restorative Materials. Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine, 24 (5), 881-890.
Bansal, K., & Gupta, S., & Nikhil, V., & Jaiswal, S., & Jain, S., & Aggarwal,N (2019). Effect of different finishing and polishing systems on the surface roughness of resin composite and enamel: An In vitro profilometric and scanning electron microscopy study. International Journal Of Applied And Basic Medical Research, 9 (3), 154-158.
Enone, L., & Ilemobade,A., & Awotile, A., & Agbaje, L., & Loto, A., & Afolabi, O (2017). Comparison of the clinical performance of a nanohybrid and a microhybrid resin composite in the restoration of posterior teeth in Nigerians. Odonto-stomatologie tropicale = Tropical dental journal, 40, 48-58.
Feitosa, J.L (2018). Rugosidade superficial e resistência à flexão de compósitos restauradores diretos fotoativados por diodo emissor de luz (LED). Dissertation, Mossoró, Universidade do Estado do Rio Grande do Norte.
Itanto, B.S.H., & Usman, M., & Margono, A (2017). Comparison of surface roughness of nanofilled and nanohybrid composite resins after polishing with a multi-step technique. Journal Of Physics: Conference Series, 884, 1-7.
Kocaağaoğlu, H., & Aslan, T., & Gürbulak, A., & Albayrak, H., & Taşdemir, Z., & Gumus, H. (2016). Efficacy of polishing kits on the surface roughness and color stability of different composite resins. Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice 20 (5), 557-565.
Lassila, L., & Säilynoja, E., & Prinssi, R., & Vallittu, P.K., & Garoushi, S (2020). The effect of polishing protocol on surface gloss of different restorative resin composites. Biomaterial Investigations In Dentistry, 7 (1), 1-8.
Lima, I. P. C (2005). Caracterização e avaliação do incremento de diatomita em uma resina comercial de uso odontológico. Dissertation, Natal, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte.
Llena, C., & Fernández, S., & Forner, L (2016). Color stability of nanohybrid resin-based composites, ormocers and compomers. Clinical Oral Investigations, 21 (4), 1071-1077.
Lowe R (2015). Advances in Composite Resin Materials: The material science behind modern restoratives. Inside Dentistry, 11 (10), 1-7.
Mathias, P., &, Silva, E. V. F., & Vitória, L. A., & Azevedo, J. F (2015). Pigmentação de restaurações de resina composta: Uma revisão de literatura. Revista Odontológica de Araçatuba, 36 (2), 29-35.
Morais, R. C. D., & Garcia, L. D. F. R., & Cruvinel, D. R., & Pires-De-Souza, F. D. C. P (2015). Color stability and surface roughness of composite submitted to different types and periods of finishing/polishing: physical properties of composites. The Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice, 16 (7), 666-670.
Patel, B.., & Chhabra, N., & Jain, D (2016). Effect of different polishing systems on the surface roughness of nano-hybrid composites. J Conserv Dent, 19 (1), 37-40.
Rodrigues-Junior, S. A., & Chemin, P., & Piaia, P. P., & Ferracane, J. L. (2015). Surface roughness and gloss of actual composites as polished with different polishing systems. Oper Dent 40 (4), 418-29.
Ruivo, M. A., & Pacheco, R.R., & Selbod, M., & Gianinni, N (2019). Surface roughness and filler particles characterization of resin‐ based composites. Microscopy Research And Technique, 82 (10), 1756-1767.
Schmitt, V. L. & Nahsan, F. P. S., & Naufel, F. S., & Vaez, S. C., & Andrade, G. S. D., & Baseggio, W., & Sinhoreti, M. A. C., & Puppin-Rontani, R. M (2016). Polishing techniques effect on microhybrid, nanohybrid and nanofilled composites color and surface roughness stability. Biosci. J, 32(1), 262-271.
St-Pierre, L., & Martel, C., & Crépeau, H., & Vargas (2019). Influence of Polishing Systems on Surface Roughness of Composite Resins: Polishability of Composite Resins. Operative Dentistry 44 (3), 122-132.
Tavangar, M., & Bagheri, R., & Kwon, T., & Mese, A., & Manton, D.J (2018). Influence of beverages and surface roughness on the color change of resin composites. Journal Of Investigative And Clinical Dentistry, 9 (3), 1-8.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 Lorem Krsna de Morais-Sousa; Isabela Pinheiro Cavalcanti Lima; Francisco de Assis do Nascimento-Júnior; Adrielly Fonseca Mendes; Taynara de Araújo Ribeiro Tabosa
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
1) Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
2) Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
3) Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.