Comparison of force degradation and color change of esthetic elastomeric chains

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v10i4.14307

Keywords:

Orthodontics; Latex; Force; Degradation; Color.

Abstract

Objective: this study compared the force degradation and color change of esthetic elastomeric chains of four commercial brands. Materials and methods: the study analyzed 10 medium-force esthetic elastomeric chains with 6 links of Morelli, Orthometric, Eurodonto and 3M brands from sealed packages within the expiration date. The elastics were stretched twice their length, according to the manufacturer's recommendations, and were immersed in artificial saliva at 37°C. The forces were measured with an orthodontic dynamometer at onset and at intervals of 1, 7, 14, 21 and 30 days after immersion. The force degradation was evaluated calculating the percentage of force lost in relation to the initial force in each time interval, for each group tested separately and also between them. The color change was evaluated by visual analysis scale by observation of photographs of chain elastics before and after study completion by 31 examiners. The ANOVA test of repeated measures was applied considering 2 factors, time and groups, and the Tukey test was used for analysis of multiple comparisons. A significance value of 0.05% was adopted for the analyses. Results: the elastics showed great force degradation. After 7 days the groups presented degradation around 50% of the initial force. In the evaluation between groups, the elastics showed significantly different mean forces. When assessing color change, the scores assigned by examiners evidenced less color changes for elastics of Eurodonto brand. Conclusion: regardless of the commercial brand, transparent elastomeric chains show significant force degradation values ​​after 1 day. The scores assigned to color change evidenced that all commercial brands showed staining, with the best results for Eurodonto elastics.

Author Biography

Joel Ferreira Santiago Junior, Centro Universitario Sagrado Coração

 

 

 

References

Alexandre, L. P., Oliveira Junior, G., Dressano, D., Paranhos, L. R., Scanavini, M. A. (2008). Avaliação das propriedades mecânicas dos elásticos e cadeias elastoméricas em ortodontia. Revista de Odontologia da Metodista, 16 (32), 53-6.

Ash, J. L., Nikolai, R. J. (1978). Relaxation of orthodontic elastomeric chains and modules in vitro and in vivo. Journal of Dental Research, 57(5-6), 685-690.

Andreasen, G. F., Bishara, S. E. Comparison of alastik chain with elastics involved with intra-arch molar to molar forces. (1970). The Angle Orthodontist, 40 (3), 151-158.

Aldrees, A. M., Al-Foraidis, S. A., Murayshed, M. S., Almoammar, K. A. (2015) Color stability and force decay of clear orthodontic elastomeric chains: an in vitro study. International Orthodontics, 13 (3), 287-301.

Baty, D.L., Volz, J.E., Von Fraunhofer, J.A. (1994). Force delivery properties of colored elastomeric modules. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics. 106 (1), 40-46.

Bishara, S. E., Andreasen, G. F. (1970). A comparison of time related forces between plastic alastiks and latex elastics. The Angle Orthodontist. 40 (4), 319-328.

Buchmann, N., Senn, C., Ball, J., Brauchli, L. (2012) Influence of initial strain on the force decay of currently available elastic chains over time. The Angle Orthoddontist, 82 (3), 529-35.

Cabrera, M. D. C., Cabrera, C. A. G., Henriques, J. F. C., de Freitas, M. R., Janson, G. (2003). Elastic in orthodontics: behavior and clinical application. Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics, 8 (1), 115-129.

Cavalcante, J. S., Barbosa, M. C., Sobral, M. C. (2013). Evaluation of the susceptibility to pigmentation of orthodontic esthetic elastomeric ligatures. Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics, 18 (2), 20.e1-8.

DeGenova, D. C., Mcinnes-Ledoux, P., Weinberg, R., Shaye, R. (1985). Force degradation of orthodontic elastomeric chains: a product comparison study. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, 87 (5), 377-384.

Fernandes, D. J., Fernandes, G. M. A., Artese, F., Elias, C. N., Mendes, A. M. (2011). Force extension relaxation of medium force orthodontic latex elastics. The Angle Orthodontist, 81 (5), 812–819.

Ferriter, J. P., Meyers Junior, C. E., Lorton, L. (1990). The effect of hydrogen ion concentration on the force-degradation rate of orthodontic polyurethane chain elastics. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, 98 (5), 404-410.

Henriques, J. F. C., Hayasaki S. M., Henriques, R. P. (2003). Elásticos ortodônticos: como selecioná-los e utilizá-los de maneira eficaz. Jornal Brasileiro de Ortodontia e Ortopedia Facial, 8 (48), 471-475.

Huget, E. F., Patrick, K. S., Nunez, L. J. (1990). Observations on the elastic behavior of a synthetic orthodontic elastomer. Journal of Dental Research, 69 (2), 496-501.

Loriato, L. B., Machado, A. W., Pacheco, W. (2006). Considerações clínicas e biomecânicas de elásticos em Ortodontia. Revista Clínica de Ortodontia Dental Press, 5 (1), 42-55.

Mandall, N. A., Vine, S., Hulland, R., Worthington, H. V. (2006) .The impact of fixed orthodontic appliances on daily life. Community Dental Health, 23 (2), 69-74.

Martins, M. M., Mendes, A. M., Almeida, M. A. O., Goldner, M. T. A., Ramos, V. F., Guimarães, S. S. (2006). Comparative study of diferente colors of molded elastomeric ligatures. Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics, 11 (4), 81-90.

Moris, A., Sato, K., Facholli, A. F. D. L., Nascimento, J. E., Sato, F. R. L. (2009). In vitro study of the force degradation of latex orthodontic elastics under dybamuc conditions. Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics, 14 (2), 95-108.

Oliveira, C. B., Vieira, C. I. V., Ribeiro, A. A., Caldas, S. G. F. R., Martins, L. P., Gandini Jr, L. G., et al. (2011) Degradação de forças dos elásticos intermaxilares ortodônticos sintéticos. Ortodontia, 44 (5), 427-432.

Santos, R. L., Pithon, M. M., Mendes, G. S., Romanos, M.T.V., Ruellas, A. C. O. (2009). Cytotoxicity of intermaxillary orthodontic elastics of different colors: an in vitro study. Journal of Applied Oral Sciences, 17 (4), 326-329.

Stevenson, J. S., Kusy, R. P. (1994). Force application and decay characteristics of untreated and treated polyurethane elastomeric chains. The Angle Orthodontist, 64 (6), 455-466.

Tweng, J. M., Campbell, W. K., Freeman, E. C. (2012). Generation differences in young adult’s life goals, concern for others, and civic orientation, 1996-2009. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology,102 (5), 1045-62.

Von Fraunhofer, J. A., Coffelt, M. T., Orbell, G. M. (1992). The effects of artificial saliva and topical fluoride treatments on the degradation of the elastic properties of orthodontic chains. The Angle Orthodontist, 62 (4), 265-274.

Wang, T., Zhou, G., Tan, X., Dong, Y. (2007). Evaluation of force degradation characteristics of orthodontic latex elastics in vitro and in vivo. The Angle Orthodontist, 77 (4), 688-693.

Zhang, M., McGrath, C., Hagg, U. (2008). Changes in oral health-related quality of life during fixed orthodontic appliance therapy. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, 133 (1), 25-9.

Downloads

Published

22/04/2021

How to Cite

MOTTA, M. J. L. .; LADEWIG, V. de M. .; SANTIAGO JUNIOR, J. F. .; ALMEIDA-PEDRIN, R. R. .; POLETI, T. M. F. F. .; CONTI, A. C. de C. F. . Comparison of force degradation and color change of esthetic elastomeric chains. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 10, n. 4, p. e54310414307, 2021. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v10i4.14307. Disponível em: https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/14307. Acesso em: 8 may. 2021.

Issue

Section

Health Sciences