Epidemiological profile and survival of chest trauma victims cared at a public hospital in Sergipe State

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v10i6.15549

Keywords:

Thoracic Injuries; Epidemiology; Trauma Severity Indices; Survival analysis.

Abstract

Introduction: Chest trauma consists of a physical shock with a strong impact that causes damage of varying extent in the body. Objective: To assess the epidemiological profile and survival of chest trauma victims, associated or not with polytrauma, using the TRISS and TRISS-like severity indexes. Methods: Observational, prospective, quantitative study of thoracic trauma victims who entered the emergency department of a hospital in the state of Sergipe. An instrument with physiological and sociodemographic data about topography and clinical information was used. Mann Withney, Fisher, Pearson's Chi-square, Pearson's Chi-square tests with Monte-Carlo simulations were used, considering significant when p<0.005. Results: From the sample of 101 patients, a median age of 32 years was obtained, with 84,2% being male and 15,8% being female, which 47,5% suffered a transport accident, with small difference between blunt mechanism (51.5%) and penetrating mechanism (48,5%). Most accidents had pre-hospital care (90,1%), 34,7% died and 44% needed support in intensive care unit. The average survival probability of traumatized was 98,4%. Victims assessed by TRISS-like had a 98,7% probability of survival, while those on TRISS had 98,4%. Conclusion: It was found that the predominant cause of chest trauma was a transport accident with equivalent blunt and penetrating mechanisms, which the epidemiological profile was men, adults aged between 30 and 44 years. Although most of them received pre-hospital care, the death rate was considerable.

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Published

22/05/2021

How to Cite

QUEIROZ, Álvaro A. G. .; DIAS, E. S. .; ARAGÃO, D. A. de .; FERRARI, Y. A. C. .; MENEZES, L. O. .; CUNHA, P. F. A. .; JESUS, C. V. F. de; SILVA, D. P. da .; DOMINGUES , C. de A. .; NOGUEIRA, L. de S. .; LIMA, S. O. Epidemiological profile and survival of chest trauma victims cared at a public hospital in Sergipe State. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 10, n. 6, p. e19110615549, 2021. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v10i6.15549. Disponível em: https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/15549. Acesso em: 24 jun. 2021.

Issue

Section

Health Sciences