Bibliometric and bibliographical analysis on the use of crude oil treatment/recovery techniques from solid waste produced by the petroleum productiorn chain
Keywords:Oil sludge; Pyrolysis; Solvent extraction; Microwave Irradiation.
As a result of the intense exploration and production activity, the petrochemical industry has been responsible for the generation of most solid waste produced in the world. Among these residues, oily sludge (BO) is in a prominent place, since it is produced in almost all stages of oil production and refining. Due to the high toxicity of these materials, improper disposal is considered a risk to the environment. Thus, the development of technologies capable of recovering the oil present in the sludge has been the object of several studies. In view of the above, this study aimed to investigate the scientific production related to the treatment/recovery of petroleum oily sludge through the use of pyrolysis, solvent extraction and microwave irradiation methods. Analysis of the results revealed that China is the country with the largest number of publications on treatment BO techniques. This may be related to the significant volume of BO generated annually in China, reaching 5 million tons in 2018. Although there is no pre-established industrial technology for BO treatment/recovery, published works point to pyrolysis as an efficient route, especially when associated with the use of catalysts (catalytic pyrolysis). The technique of microwave irradiation is also highlighted in the works as an ally of pyrolysis. With the joint use it was possible to obtain better results of BO oil recovery at lower temperatures. The solvent extraction technique had the advantage of working under mild temperature conditions (25 oC to 80 oC), using solvents such as n-hexane, cyclohexane, xylene, toluene, trichloromethane, methyl ethyl ketone, liquefied petroleum gas condensate and Na-AES. Although the technique is effective in removing oil from sludge, 100% of the solvent cannot be recovered at the end of the extraction process. This has been pointed as a disadvantage of this route. In general, it was observed that BO heterogeneity is one of the factors that hinder oil treatment/ recovery. The sector of the oil production chain from which the sludge is extracted, as well as its handling and conditioning are factors that may interfere with its treatment. Thus, the choice of one of the routes presented here, as well as the operating conditions to be used will be conditioned not only to the cost/benefit of the process but also to the intrinsic and storage characteristics of the sludge.
Abnisa F., Wan-Daud W.M.A. (2014). A review on co-pyrolysis of biomass: an optional technique to obtain a high-grade pyrolysis oil. Energy Convers Manag, 87, 71-85.
Abouelnasr, D.M., Zubaidy, E. (2008). Treatment and recovery of oil-based sludge using solvente extraction. Abu Dhabi International Petroleum Exhibition and Conference, 3-6 November, Abu Dhabi, UAE.
Ahmed R., Sinnathambi M.C., Eldemerdash U., (2014). N-hexane, methyl ethyl ketone and chloroform solvents for oil recovery from refinery waste. App Mechanics Mater, 699, 666-71.
Bridle T.R., Pritchard D. (2004). Energy and nutrient recovery from sewage sludge via pyrolysis. Water Sci Technol, 50(9), 169-175.
Chalov K., Lugovoy Y., Kosivtsov Y., Stepacheva A., Sulman M., Molchanov V., Smirnov I., Panfilov V., Sulman, E. (2017). Petroleum-containing residue processing via co-catalyzed pyrolysis. Fuel, 198, 159-64.
Chang C.Y., Shie J.L., Lin J.P., Wu C.H., Lee D.J., Chang C.F. (2000). Major products obtained from the pyrolysis of oil sludge. Energ Fuels, 14, 1176-83.
Che, C., Wu, S., Zhu N., Shou Z., Ye Q. (2008). Study on the petroleum ether extraction technique of oil sludge. J Saf Environ 2008;8(1):56-8
Chen W., Chen Y., Yang H., Xia M., Li K., Chen X., Chen H. (2017). Co-pyrolysis of lignocellulosic biomass and microalgae: products characteristics and interaction effect. Bioresource Technol, 245(Part A), 860-8.
Chen Y.R. (2016). Microwave pyrolysis of oily sludge with activated carbon. Environ Technol, 37(24), 3139-45.
Chen L., Zhang X., Sun L., Xu H., Mei N. (2016). Study on the fast pyrolysis of oil sludge and its product distribution by PY-GC/MS. Energy Fuels, 30, 10222-7.
Cheng S., Takahashi F., Gao N.B., Yoshikawa K., Li A. (2016a). Evaluation of oil sludge ash as a solid heat carrier in the pyrolysis process of oil sludge for oil production. Energy Fuels, 30(7), 5970-9.
Cheng, S., Li A., Yoshikawa K. (2015). High quality oil recovery from oil sludge employing a pyrolysis process with oil sludge ash catalyst. Int J Waste Resour, 5(2), 176.
Cheng S., Wang Y., Gao N., Takahashi F., Li A., Yoshikawa K. (2016b). Pyrolysis of oil sludge with oil sludge ash additive employing a stirred tank reactor. J Anal Appl Pyrolysis, 120, 511-20.
Cheng, S., Wang Y.H., Fumitake T., Kouji T., Li A., Kunio Y. (2017). Effect of steam and oil sludge ash additive on the products of oil sludge pyrolysis. Applied Energy, 185, 146-57.
Chiaramonti D., Oasmaa A, Solantausta Y. (2007). Power generation using fast pyrolysis liquids from biomass. Renewable Sust Energy Rev, 11(6),1056-86.
Conesa J.A., Moltó J., Ariza J., Ariza M., Barneto A.G. (2014). Study of the termal decomposition of petrochemical sludge in a pilot plant reactor. J Anal Appl Pyrol, 107, 101-6.
Czernik S., Bridgwater A.V. (2004). Overview 1364 of applications of biomass fast pyrolysis oil. Energ Fuel, 18, 590-8.
El Naggar, A.Y., Saad, E.A., Kandil, A.T., Elmoher, H.O. (2010). Petroleum cuts as solvent extractor for oil recovery from petroleum sludge. J Petro Technol Alter Fuels, 1(1), 10-9.
Fonts I., Gea G., Azuara M., Ábrego J., Arauzo J. (2012). Sewage sludge pyrolysis for liquid production: a review. Renewable Sust Energy Rev, 16(5), 2781-2805.
Gong Z., Du A., Wang Z., Fang P., Li X. (2017). Experimental study on pyrolysis characteristics of oil sludge with a tube furnace reactor. Energy Fuels, 31(8), 8102-8.
Gong Z., Wang Z., Wang Z., Fang P., Meng F. (2018). Study on pyrolysis characteristics of tank oil sludge and pyrolysis char combustion. Chem Engineering Res Design, 135, 30-6.
Han C., Li M., Qin S., Zhang G., Xing L., Li S., Jing G. (2009). Treatment and recovery of oily sludge using washing method. 3rd International Conference on Bioinformatics Biomedical Engineering. 11-13 June, Beijing, China.
Hu G., Li J., Hou H. (2015). A combination of solvent extraction and freeze thaw for oil recovery from petroleum refinery wastewater treatment pond sludge. J Hazard Mater, 283, 832-40.
Hu J., Gan J., Li J., Luo Y., Wang G., Wu L., Gong Y. (2017). Extraction of crude oil from petrochemical sludge: characterization of products using thermogravimetric analysis. Fuel, 188, 166-72.
Hu G., Li J., Zeng G. (2013). Recent development in the treatment of oily sludge from petroleum industry: a review. J Hazard Mater, 261(13), 470-90.
Huang, Q., Mao F., Han X., Yan J., Chi Y. (2014). Characterization of emulsified water in petroleum sludge. Fuel, 118, 214-219.
Isabel F., Gloria G., Manuel A., Javier Á., Jesús A. (2012). Sewage sludge pyrolysis for liquid production: A review. Renew. Sust. Energ. Rev., 16(5), 2781-2805.
Karayildirim T., Yanik J., Yuksel M., Bockhorn H. (2006). Characterization of products from pyrolysis of waste sludges. Fuel, (10-11), 1498-1508.
Kim Y., Parker W. (2008). A technical and economic evaluation of the pyrolysis of sewage sludge for the production of bio-oil. Bioresouce Technol, 99(5), 1409-16.
Liang J., Zhao L., Du N., Li H., Hou W. (2014). Solid effect in solvent extraction treatment of pre-treated oily sludge. Separation Purification Technology, 130, 28-33.
Lin B., Huang Q., Ali M., Wang F., Yong Chi Y., Yan J. (2019). Continuous catalytic pyrolysis of oily sludge using U-shape reactor for producing saturates-enriched light oil. Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, 37, 3101-8.
Lin B., Huang Q., Chi Y. (2018). Co-pyrolysis of oily sludge and rice husk for improving pyrolysis oil quality. Fuel Processing Technology, 177, 275-82.
Lin B., Wang J., Huang Q., Chi Y. (2017a). Effects of potassium hydroxide on the catalytic pyrolysis of oily sludge for high-quality oil product. Fuel, 200, 124-33.
Lin B., Mallah M.M.A., Huang Q., Ali M., Chi Y. (2017b). Effects of temperature and potassium compounds on the transformation behavior of sulfur during pyrolysis of oily sludge. Energy Fuels, 31(7), 7004-14.
Liu J., Jiang X., Zhou L., Han X., Cui Z. (2009). Pyrolysis treatment of oil sludge and model-free kinetics analysis. J Hazardous Mater, 161, 1208-15.
Liu L., Li J., Qu C. (2016). Preparation and influence of TiO2/MCM41 on pyrolysis process of oil sludge. Chin J Environ Eng, 12(10), 7294-8.
Ma Z., Gao N., Xie L., Li A. (2014). Study of the fast pyrolysis of oilfield sludge with solid heat carrier in a rotary kiln for pyrolytic oil production. J Anal Appl Pyrolysis, 105, 183-90.
Mohammadi S., Mirghaffari N. (2015). A preliminary study of the preparation of porous carbon from oil sludge for water treatment by simple pyrolysis or KOH activation. New Carbon Materials, 30(4), 310-8.
Mohammed R.R., Ibrahim I.A.R., Taha A.H., McKay G. (2013). Waste lubricating oil treatment by extraction and adsorption. Chem Eng J, 220, 343-51.
Motasemi F., Afzal M.T. (2013). A review on the microwave-assisted pyrolysis technique. Renewable Sust Energy Rev, 28, 317-30.
Nezhdbahadori F., Abdoli M.A., Baghdadi M., Ghazban F. (2018). A comparative study on the efficiency of polar and non-polar solvents in oil sludge recovery using solvent extraction. Environ Monit Assess, 190(7), 389.
Pánek P., Kostura B., Čepeláková I., Koutník I., Tomšej T. (2014). Pyrolysis of oil sludge with calcium-containing additive. J Anal Appl Pyrol, 108, 274-83.
Pazoki M.; Hasanidarabadi B. (2017). Management of toxic and hazardous contents of oil sludge in Siri Island. Global J Environ Sci Manage, 3(1), 33-42.
Rincón J., Cañizares P., García M.T. (2005). Regeneration of used lubricant oil by polar solvente extraction. Ind Eng Chem Res, 44, 4373-9.
Ru L. (2004). Discussion on test conditions of treating the soil polluted by petroleum of liaohe oil field. Liaoning Chem Ind, 343-9.
Salema A.A., Ani F.N. (2011). Microwave induced pyrolysis of oil palm biomass. Bioresour Technol, 102(3), 3388-95.
Shie J.L., Lin J.P., Chang C.Y., Shih S.M., Lee D.J., Wu C.H. (2004). Pyrolysis of oil sludge with additives of catalytic solid wastes. J Anal Appl Pyrol, 71, 695-707.
Shin S.Y., Park S.M., Ko S.H., Jung H.B., Baek K. (2015). Recovery of petroleum hydrocarbons from oily sludge landfilled soil. J Soil Groundw Environ, 20(5), 41-6.
Silva D.C., Silva A.A., Melo C.F., Marques M.R.C. (2017). Production of oil with potential energetic use by catalytic co-pyrolysis of oil sludge from offshore petroleum industry. J Anal Appl Pyrolysis, 124, 290-7.
Taiwo, E.A., Otolorin, J. (2009). Oil recovery from petroleum sludge by solvent extraction. Petrol Sci Technol, 27(8), 836-44.
Wang H., Jia H., Wang L., Chen H. (2015). The catalytic effect of modified bentonite on the pyrolysis of oily sludge. Pet Sci Technol, 33(13-14), 1388-94.
Wang Q., Qu C.T., Qin F.L. (2013). Development of Resource Processing Technology for Heavy Oil Sludge. Advanced Materials Research, 807-809, 1402-1408.
Wang W.F., Li G., Yong X.Y., Liu P., Zhang X.F. (2012). The features of microwave thermal conversion of oil sludge. Applied Mechanics Materials, 232, 788-91.
Wang Z., Gong Z., Wang Z., Fang P., Han D. (2018). A TG-MS study on the coupled pyrolysis and combustion of oil sludge. Thermochimica Acta, 663, 137-44.
Wang Z., Guo Q., Liu X., Cao C. (2007). Low temperature pyrolysis characteristics of oil sludge under various heating conditions. Energy Fuels, 21, 957-62.
Wu G., Li X., Coulon F., Li H., Lian J., Sui H. (2011). Recycling of solvent used in a solvent extraction of petroleum hydrocarbons contaminated soil. J Hazard Mater, 186(1), 533-9.
Zhang, Y.J., Kang Y.L., Huangfu H.J., Ren R. (2015). Study on oily sludge treatment conditions by triphase extraction method. Appl Chem Ind, (6), 1061-3.
Zhou X., Jia H., Qu C., Fan D., Wang C. (2017). Low-temperature co-pyrolysis behaviors and kinetics of oily sludge: effect of agricultural biomass. Environ Technol, 38(3), 361-9.
Zubaidi E.A.H., Abouelnasr D. (2010). Fuel recovery from waste oily sludge using solvente extraction. Process Saf Environ, 88(5), 318-26.
How to Cite
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
1) Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
2) Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
3) Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.