Prevalence of orofacial injuries and the level of knowledge about oral protection in a brazilian judo team

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v10i6.16133

Keywords:

Athletes; Injuries; Mouth protectors.

Abstract

Contact athletes are often subject to orofacial trauma, especially in combat sports such as judo. However, the use of mouthguards can minimize the occurrence of trauma and prevent orofacial injuries resulting from sports. The objective of this work was to determine the prevalence of orofacial injuries in the athletes of the basic teams of the Brazilian judo team, as well as to evaluate their level of knowledge about the use of mouth protectors. A structured questionnaire was applied, with 10 specific questions for 46 athletes from the basic judo teams, male and female in Brazil, referring to the research theme. The results suggest that most athletes have already suffered some type of orofacial trauma during the practice of judo and most athletes do not use mouthguards, due to several factors. It is concluded that orofacial traumas showed a high prevalence, with lacerations of the lip, tongue and cheek mucosa being the most reported by judo athletes of the Brazilian team and their level of knowledge about the use of mouthguards was low, pointing to the need for informational actions on this subject among athletes of the Brazilian judo team.

References

Bergman, L., Milardović Ortolan, S., Žarković, D., Viskić, J., Jokić, D., & Mehulić, K. (2017). Prevalence of dental trauma and use of mouthguards in professional handball players. Dental Traumatology, 33(3), 199-204.

Boffano, P., Boffano, M., Gallesio, C., Roccia, F., Cignetti, R., & Piana, R. (2012). Rugby athletes' awareness and compliance in the use of mouthguards in the North West of Italy. Dental Traumatology, 28, 210–3.

Caciones, A., Antunes, M., Assunção, V., Albuquerque, T., & Luís H. (2018). Estudo preliminar da saúde oral de desportistas praticantes de boxe. Rev Port Estomatol Cir Maxilofac, 59, 215–20.

Cavalcanti, A., Santos, F. G., Peixoto, L. R., Gonzaga, A., Dias, C., & Xavier, A. (2012). Orofacial injuries in combat sports practitioners. Pesqui Bras Odontopediatria Clin Integr, 12, 223–8.

Coto, N. P., Brito e Dias, R., Costa, R. A., Antoniazzi, T. F., & de Carvalho, E. P. (2007). Mechanical behavior of ethylene vinyl acetate copolymer (EVA) used for fabrication of mouthguards and interocclusal splints. Braz Dent J, 18(4), 324-8.

Coto, N. P., Meira, J. B. C., e Dias, R. B., Driemeier, L., de Oliveira Roveri, G., & Noritomi, P. Y. (2012). Assessment of nose protector for sport activities: finite element analysis. Dental traumatology, 28(2), 108-113.

Emerich, K., & Kaczmarek, J. (2010). First aid for dental trauma caused by sports activities:state of knowledge, treatment and prevention. Sports Med, 40, 361-366.

Eroje, A. B., Tikare, S., Al Qahtani, N. A., Braimoh, O. B., Sundarraj, R. K., & Muteq, M. A., et al. (2020). Orofacial trauma awareness among sports teachers in Southern Saudi Arabia. Niger J Clin Pract, 23, 343–8.

Ferrari, C. H., & Medeiros, J. M. F. (2002). Dental trauma and level of information: mouthguard use in different contact sports. Dental Traumatology, 18(3), 144-147.

Fronza, H. P., Stolf, S. C., Taguchi, C. M. C., Coto, N. P., & Padilha, A. C. L. (2020). Determinants for traumatic orofacial injuries in sport: Extrinsic factors in a scoping review. Dental Traumatology, 36(6), 598-606.

Galic, T., Kuncic, D., Poklepovic Pericic, T., Galic, I., Mihanovic, F., Bozic, J., & Herceg, M. (2018). Knowledge and attitudes about sports-related dental injuries and mouthguard use in young athletes in four different contact sports-water polo, karate, taekwondo and handball. Dental Traumatology, 34(3), 175-181.

Gialain, I. O., Coto, N. P., Driemeier, L., Noritomi, P. Y., & Dias, R. B. (2016). A three-dimensional finite element analysis of the sports mouthguard. Dental Traumatology, 32(5), 409-15.

Glendor, U. (2009). A etiology and risk factors related to traumatic dental injuries‐a review of the literature. Dental Traumatology, 25, 19–31.

Ilia, E., Metcalfe, K., & Heffernan, M. (2014). Prevalence of dental trauma and use of mouthguards in rugby union players. Aust Dent J, 59, 473–81.

Inouye, J., & McGrew, C. (2015). Dental Problems in Athletes. Curr Sports Med Rep, 14(1), 27-33.

Keçeci, A. D., Eroglu, E., & Baydar, M. L. (2005). Dental trauma incidence and mouthguard use in elite athletes in Turkey. Dental Traumatology, 21, 76–9.

McBain, K., Shrier, I., Shultz, R., Meeuwisse, W. H., Klügl, M., Garza, D., & Matheson, G.O. (2012). Prevention of sports injury I: a systematic review of applied biomechanics and physiology outcomes research. Br J Sports Med, 46, 169–73.

Nunes, A. V., & Rubio, K. (2012). As origens do judô brasileiro: a árvore genealógica dos medalhistas olímpicos. Revista Brasileira de Educação Física e Esporte, 26(4), 667-678.

Oliveira Werlich, M., Honnef, L. R., Silva Bett, J. V., Domingos, F. L., Pauletto, P., Dulcineia Mendes de Souza, B., Mageste Duque, T., Curi Hallal, A.L., & De Luca Canto, G. (2020). Prevalence of dentofacial injuries in contact sports players: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Dental Traumatology, 36(5), 477-488.

Padilha, A. C. L., Constante, H. M., Fronza, H. P., & Coto, N. P. (2021). Orofacial trauma and mouthguard use in Brazilian rugby union players. Dental Traumatology, 37(1), 53-57.

Parker, K., Marlow, B., Patel, N., & Gill, D. (2016). An audit on the use of mouthguards in orthodontic patients before treatment. BOS Clinical Effectiveness Bulletin, 36, 14–16.

Parker, K., Marlow, B., Patel, N., & Gill, D. S. (2017). A review of mouthguards: effectiveness, types, characteristics and indications for use. Brit Dent J, 222, 629-633.

Pocecco, E., Ruedl, G., Stankovic, N., Sterkowicz, S., Del Vecchio, F.B., Gutiérrez-García, C., Rousseau, R., Wolf, M., Kopp, M., Miarka, B., Menz, V., Krusmann, P., Calmet, M., Malliaropoulos, N., & Burtscher, M. (2013). Injuries in judo: a systematic literature review including suggestions for prevention. British journal of sports medicine, 47(18), 1139-1143.

Polmann, H., Melo, G., Conti Réus, J., Domingos, F. L., de Souza, B. D. M., Padilha, A. C., Duque, T. M., Porporatti, A. L., Flores-Mir, C., & De Luca Canto, G. (2019). Prevalence of dentofacial injuries among combat sports practitioners: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Dental Traumatology, 36, 124–40.

Ribeiro, A. P. F., Tozzi, T. C. F., Tumelero, S., Carrijo, G. A. N., Vieria, L. R., Loureiro, C., & Jacinto, R. C. (2021). Knowledge and prevalence of trauma and evaluation of the impact of educational and preventive actions on a population of athletes. Research, Society and Development, 10(4), doi:10.33448/rsd-v10i4.13913.

Schildknecht, S., Krastl, G., Kuhl, S., & Filippi, A. (2012). Dental injury and its prevention in Swiss rugby. Dental Traumatology, 28, 465–9.

Sepet, E., Aren, G., Dogan Onur, O., Erdem, A. P., Kuru, S., Tolgay, C. G., & Unal, S. (2014). Knowledge of sports participants about dental emergency procedures and the use of mouthguards. Dental Traumatology, 30, 391–5.

Siewe, J., Rudat, J., Zarghooni, K., Sobottke, R., Eysel, P., Herren, C., Knoll, P., Illgner, U., & Michael, J. (2015). Injuries in competitive boxing. A prospective study. Int J Sports Med, 36, 249–53.

Singh, G., Garg, S., Damle, S.G., Dhindsa, A., Kaur, A., & Singla, S. (2014). A study of sports related occurrence of traumatic orodental injuries and as‐ sociated risk factors in high school students in north India. Asian J Sports Med, 5, 1–5.

Tewari, N., Johnson, R. M., Mathur, V. P., Rahul, M., Goel, S., Ritwik, P., Bansal, K., & Atif, M. (2021). Global status of knowledge for prevention and emergency management of traumatic dental injuries in sports persons and coaches: A systematic review. Dental Traumatology, 37(2), 196-207.

Tiryaki, M., Saygi, G., Yildiz, S. O., Yildirim, Z., Erdemir, U., & Yucel, T. (2017). Prevalence of dental injuries and awareness regarding mouthguards among basketball players and coaches. The Journal of sports medicine and physical fitness, 57(11), 1541–1547.

Tiwari, V., Saxena, V., Tiwari, U., Singh, A., Jain, M., & Goud, S. (2014). Dental trauma and mouthguard awareness and use among contact and noncontact athletes in central India. Journal of oral science, 56(4), 239-243.

Tulunoglu, I., Ozbek, M. (2006). Oral trauma, mouthguard awareness, and use in two contact sports in Turkey. Dental Traumatology, 22, 242–6.

Tuna, E. F., & Ozel, E. (2014). Factors affecting sports-related orofacial injuries and the importance of mouthguards. Sports medicine, 44(6), 777-783.

Vucic, S., Drost, R. W., Ongkosuwito, E. M., & Wolvius, E. B. (2016). Dentofacial trauma and players' attitude towards mouthguard use in field hockey: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Br J Sports Med, 50(5), 298-304.

Published

10/06/2021

How to Cite

ARAÚJO, F. M. de; RABELLO, T. B.; BERARD, L. T.; COTO, N. P.; DIAS, K. R. H. C. Prevalence of orofacial injuries and the level of knowledge about oral protection in a brazilian judo team. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 10, n. 6, p. e57810616133, 2021. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v10i6.16133. Disponível em: https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/16133. Acesso em: 18 jun. 2021.

Issue

Section

Health Sciences