Prevention and control of COVID-19 in Primary Health Care: Recommendations for health professionals

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v10i6.16173

Keywords:

Corona virus infections; COVID-19; Primary Health Care; Health Personnel; Unified Health System; Strategies.

Abstract

Objective: To provide specific recommendations for infection control, prevention, and clinical management before COVID-19 for primary care health professionals. Methodology: This is a literature review searches were performed in the PubMed and Virtual Health Library (VHL) databases, using the combined descriptors based on the terms available in Health Sciences / Medical Subject Headings (DeCS / MeSH), search terms were: "Coronavirus infections"; "SARS-CoV-2"; "Infection control"; "Prevention and control"; " Unified Health System"; " Health Personnel "and" Family Health Strategy ". Searching for papers published between Jun/2020 and May/2021. The inclusion criterion was studied involving English and Portuguese languages, published in the period from 2020 to 2021, official documents from the Ministry of Health of Brazil and World Health Organization. Publications that did not present the objective similar to our study and duplicates were excluded.  Results: the main recommendations to be addressed to Primary Health Care professionals after reading and analyzing the selected material were: “Clinical management of flu syndrome in the (APS / ESF)”; "Identification of suspected case of influenza and covid-19 syndrome by professional category" and "The importance of Health Surveillance in the context of the pandemic". Conclusion: All members that make up the PHC health team have specific professional responsibilities and must be informed and attentive to safety recommendations to offer better assistance to users in SUS, as these guidelines are being updated amid the continuous spread of the pandemic in Brazil.

References

Agência Nacional De Vigilância Sanitária. Nota Técnica GVIMS/GGTES/ANVISA No 04/2020 (2020). Orientações para serviços de saúde: medidas de prevenção e controle que devem ser adotadas durante a assistência aos casos suspeitos ou confirmados de infecção pelo novo coronavírus (SARS-CoV-2). Recuperado em 03 maio 2020, de http://website.cfo.org.br/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/Nota-Tecnica-Anvisa-CFO-contra-covid-19.pdf.

Associação de Medicina Intensiva – AMIB; Conselho Federal de Odontologia – CFO (2020).Recomendações AMIB/CFO para atendimento odontológico COVID- 19. Comitê de Odontologia AMIB/CFO de enfrentamento ao COVID-19. Recuperado em 30 abril 2020, de http://website.cfo.org.br/com-apoio-do-cfo-amib-apresenta-recomendacoes-para-enfrentamento-da-covid-19-na-odontologia.

Brasila. Portaria nº 2.436, de 21 de setembro de 2017 (2017). Aprova a Política Nacional de Atenção Básica, estabelecendo a revisão de diretrizes para a organização da Atenção Básica, no âmbito do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS). Diário Oficial da União. De setembro de 2017. Recuperado em 10 abril 2020, de https://bvsms.saude.gov.br/bvs/saudelegis/gm/2017/prt2436_22_09_2017.html.

Brasil. Ministério da Saúde. Nota Técnica nº 9/2020-CGSB/DESF/SAPS/MS (2020). Atendimento Odontológico no SUS. Recuperado em 23 abril 2020, de http://189.28.128.100/dab/docs/portaldab/documentos/COVID_19_ATENDIMENTO%20ODONTOLOGICO_SUS_APS_20200319_ver001.pdf.

Brasil. Ministério da Saúde. Secretaria de Vigilância em Saúde. Nota Técnica nº 04/2020 GVIMS/GGTES/ANVISA (2020). Orientações para serviços de saúde: medidas de prevenção e controle que devem ser adotadas durante a assistência aos casos suspeitos ou confirmados de infecção pelo novo coronavírus. Recuperado em 29 maio 2020, de http://portal.anvisa.gov.br/documents/33852/271858/Nota+T%C3%A9cnica+n+04-2020+GVIMS-GGTES-ANVISA/ab598660-3de4-4f14-8e6f-b9341c196b28.

Brasilb. Ministério da Saúde (2020). Protocolo de manejo clínico do CORONAVÍRUS (COVID-19) na atenção primária à saúde. Brasília: Ministério da Saúde, 2020. Recuperado em 12 maio 2020, de http://189.28.128.100/dab/docs/portaldab/documentos/20200330_ProtocoloManejo_ver08_Final.pdf.

Brasil. Ministério da Saúde (2021). Painel Coronavírus. Recuperado em 10 maio 2021, de https://covid.saude.gov.br/.

Castro, R. (2021). Vacinas contra a Covid-19:o fim da pandemia?.Physis: Revista de Saúde Coletiva, 31(1), 1-5. Recuperado de https://scielosp.org/article/physis/2021.v31n1/e310100/. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0103-73312021310100.

Chan, J. F., & Yuan, S., &Kok, K.., & Para, K. K., & Chu, H., & Yang, J.,…Yuen, K. (2020). A familial cluster of pneumonia associated with the 2019 novel coronavirus indicating person- to-person transmission: a study of a family cluster. Lancet, 395, 514-523. Retrieved from https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31986261/. DOI: 10.1016 / S0140-6736 (20) 30154-9.

Domingues, C. M. A. S. (2021). Desafios para a realização da campanha de vacinação contra a COVID-19 no Brasil. Cad.SaúdePública, 37(1), 1-5. Recuperado de https://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?pid=S0102-311X2021000100101&script=sci_arttext. https://doi.org/10.1590/0102-311x00344620.

El-Aziz, T. M. A., & Stockand, J. D. (2020). Recent progress and challenges in drug development against COVID-19 coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) - an update on the status. Infect Genet Evol, 83, 104327. Retrieved fromhttps://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32320825/. DOI: 10.1016 / j.meegid..2020.104327.

Estrela, C. (2005) Metodologia científica. (2.ed.) Porto Alegre: Artes Médicas

Kucharski, A. J., & Russell, T. W., & Diamond, C., & Liu, Y., & Edmunds, J., & Funk, S., & Eggo, R. M. (2020). Early dynamics of transmission and control of COVID-19: a mathematical modelling study. Lancet Infect Dis, 20, 553-558. Retrieved fromhttps://www.thelancet.com/pdfs/journals/laninf/PIIS1473-3099(20)30144-4.pdf. https://doi.org/10.1016/ S1473-3099(20)30144-4.

Pimentel, A. S. G., & Silva, M. N. R. M. O. (2020).Saúde psíquicaem tempos de Corona vírus. Research, Society and Development, 9(7), 1-13. Recuperado dehttps://repositorio.unb.br/bitstream/10482/39638/1/ARTIGO_SaudePsiquicaTempos.pdf. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v9i7.3602.

Sanchez, M. C. O., & Moraes, E. B., & Valente, G. S. C., & Braga, A. L. S., & Nassar, P. R. B & Xavier, M. L. (2020). Pandemia do Coronavírus e Atenção Primária: reflexões sobre os desafios dos gestores. Research, Society and Development, 9(7): 1-16. Recuperado de https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/download/4154/3468/19179. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v9i7.4154.

Silva, R. S., & Jardim, A. C. G., & Siqueira, W. L. (2020).Coronavirus COVID-19 impacts to dentistry and potential salivary diagnosis. Clin Oral Invest, 24(4), 1619-1621. Retrieved fromhttps://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32078048/. DOI: 10.1007/s00784-020-03248-x.

The Economist Intelligence UNIT (2021).Coronavirus vaccines: expect delays. Q1 global forecast. Londres: The Economist Intelligence Unit, 2021. Recuperadoem 12 maio 2021, de <https://www.eiu.com/n/campaigns/q1-global-forecast-2021/>.

Wang, C., & Horby, P. W., & Hayden, F. G., Gao, G. F. (2020). A novel coronavirus outbreak of global health concern. Lancet, 395, 470-473. Retrieved from https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(20)30185-9/fulltext. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30185-9.

World Health Organization (WHOa) (2020). Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) situation, Recuperado em 13maio 2020, de https://covid19.who.int/.

World Health Organization (WHOa) (2021).Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) situation. Recuperado em 10 maio 2021, de https://covid19.who.int/.

Xu, Y., (2020). Unveiling the origin and transmission of 2019-nCoV. Trends Microbiol, 28(4), 239–240. Retrieved from https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32155431/. DOI: 10.1016 / j.tim.2020.02.001

Zhou, F., & Yu, T., & Du, R., & Fan, G., & Liu, Y., & Liu, Z. (2020). Clinical course and risk factors for mortality of adult inpatients with COVID-19 in Wuhan, China: a retrospective cohort study. Lancet, 395, 1054-1062.Retrieved from https://www.thelancet.com/action/showPdf?pii=S0140-6736%2820%2930566-3. https://doi.org/10.1016/ S0140-6736(20)30566-3

Published

10/06/2021

How to Cite

MEDEIROS, M. R. de S.; MEDEIROS, M. R. de S. .; BORGES, R. E. A. .; SOARES, A. de A. .; SILVA , J. A. da. Prevention and control of COVID-19 in Primary Health Care: Recommendations for health professionals. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 10, n. 6, p. e58510616173, 2021. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v10i6.16173. Disponível em: https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/16173. Acesso em: 15 jun. 2021.

Issue

Section

Health Sciences