Fear and anxiety of dentistry students during the second wave of the COVID-19 pandemic

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v10i8.17171

Keywords:

Fear; Anxiety; Dentistry students; Coronavirus infections; Teaching.

Abstract

Oral health care is considered a risky practice for COVID-19, mainly due to the generation of aerosols and proximity to the patient. Because of this, dental practice was changed in the face of the pandemic. Thus, the objective was to investigate the perceptions of dentistry students regarding fear and anxiety in relation to patient management and the risk of infection in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. This is a cross-sectional study carried out with 167 undergraduate dentistry students from a university center in the interior of Ceará. Data collection was carried out between March and April 2021 by completing an online questionnaire subdivided into: sociodemographic data, assessment of fear and insecurity regarding dental care and assessment of anxiety symptoms, through the Anxiety Inventory of Beck. Data were then analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) 22.0, considering a 95% confidence level and significance of p<0.05. The average of the Beck anxiety scale was 18.84 (±12.88) and 61.1% of the students reported minimal/mild symptoms of anxiety. The presence of minimal/mild symptoms was related to possession of a belief/religion (p=0.039), lack of fear in caring for patients with suspected COVID-19 (p=0.003), absence of insecurity in returning to clinical practices (p=0.008). In short, most students had minimal/mild symptoms of anxiety, which was associated with less fear and insecurity in performing clinical practices and the presence of a religion.

References

Adams, J. G., & Walls, R. M. (2020). Supporting the health care workforce during the COVID-19 global epidemic. Jama, 323(15), 1439-1440

Ataş, O. & Talo-Yildirim, T. (2020). Evaluation of knowledge, attitudes, and clinical education of dental students about COVID-19 pandemic. Peer J. 8, e9575.

Ayanian, J. Z. (2020). Necessidades de saúde mental dos profissionais de saúde que prestam cuidados de primeira linha COVID-19. JAMA Health Forum. 1(4), e200397.

Beck, A. T., Epstein, N., Brown, G., & Steer, R. A. (1988). An inventory for measuring clinical anxiety: Psychometric properties. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. 56, 893–897.

Brasil. (2021). Ministério da Saúde. Boletim COVID-19.

Ceará. Secretaria da Saúde. Doença pelo novo Coronavírus – Boletim Nº 19. Ceará, 2021.

Cunha, J. A. (2001). Manual da versão em português das Escalas Beck. Casa do Psicólogo.

da Costa, J. C. R., Martins, M. A. S., & Rodrigues, L. V. (2020). O cuidado no atendimento às crianças no consultório odontológico frente à pandemia da COVID-19. Arquivos em Odontologia, 56

de Almeida, R. Z., Casarin, M., Freitas, B. O. & Muniz, F. W. M. G. (2020). Medo e ansiedade de estudantes de Odontologia diante da pandemia do novo coronavírus: um estudo transversal. Archives of Health Investigation. 9(6)9, 623-628.

dos Santos, K. F., & Barbosa, M. (2020). COVID-19 e a Odontologia na prática atual. Revista Eletrônica Acervo Saúde, 12(11), e5113-e5113

Estellita, M. C. A., Pascoal, S. C. D., Lima, K. E. R., da Cunha Queiroz, E., & Mendes, T. A. D. (2020). Análise do coronavírus SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19 no cenário atual da pandemia mundial: revisão de literatura/Analysis of the coronavirus SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19 in the current world pandemic scenario: literature review. Brazilian Journal of Health Review, 3(3), 7058-7072

JB, F., De Camargo, A. R., & MPSM, P. (2020). Cuidados Odontológicos na era do COVID-19: recomendações para procedimentos odontológicos e profissionais. Rev Assoc Paul Cir Dent, 74(1), 18-21.

Lu, R., Zhao, X., Li, J., Niu, P., Yang, B., Wu, H., & Tan, W. (2020). Genomic characterisation and epidemiology of 2019 novel coronavirus: implications for virus origins and receptor binding. The lancet, 395(10224), 565-574.

Machado, G. M., Kasper, R. H., Busato, A. L. S., & Vinholes, J. (2020). Biossegurança e retorno das atividades em odontologia: aspectos relevantes para enfrentamento de covid-19. STOMATOS, 26(50)

Maia, B. R., & Dias, P. C. (2020). Ansiedade, depressão e estresse em estudantes universitários: o impacto da COVID-19. Estudos de Psicologia (Campinas), 37

Meng, L., Hua, F., & Bian, Z. (2020). Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19): emerging and future challenges for dental and oral medicine. Journal of dental research, 99(5), 481-487.

Murakami, R., & Campos, C. J. G. (2012). Religião e saúde mental: desafio de integrar a religiosidade ao cuidado com o paciente. Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem, 65(2), 361-367.

Peng, X., Xu, X., Li, Y., Cheng, L., Zhou, X., & Ren, B. (2020). Transmission routes of 2019-nCoV and controls in dental practice. International journal of oral science, 12(1), 1-6.

Prado, A. D., Peixoto, B. C., Silva, A. M. B. & Scalia L. A. M. (2020). A saúde mental dos profissionais de saúde frente à pandemia do COVID-19: uma revisão integrativa. Revista Eletrônica Acervo Saúde. 46, e4128-e4128

Sahu, P. (2020). Closure of Universities Due to Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19): Impact on Education and Mental Health of Students and Academic Staff. Cureus. 12(4), e7541.

Silva, D. F. O., Cobucci, R. N., Soares-Rachetti, V. D. P., Lima, S. C. V. C., & Andrade, F. B. D. (2021). Prevalência de ansiedade em profissionais da saúde em tempos de COVID-19: revisão sistemática com metanálise. Ciência & Saúde Coletiva, 26, 693-710.

Teixeira, C. N. G., de Queiroz Rodrigues, M. I., da Silva, R. A. D. A., Silva, P. G. B., & Barros, M. M. A. F. (2021). Qualidade de vida em estudantes de odontologia na Pandemia de COVID-19: um estudo multicêntrico. Saúde e Pesquisa, 14(2).

Velavan, T. P. & Meyer, C, G. (2020). The COVID-19 epidemic. Medicina tropical e saúde internacional. 25(3), 278.

Xu, H., Zhong, L., Deng, J., Peng, J., Dan, H., Zeng, X., Li, T. & Chen, Q. (2020). High expression of ACE2 receptor of 2019-nCoV on the epithelial cells of oral mucosa. Int Oral Sci. 12(1), 1-5.

Zhang, Y., & Ma, Z. F. (2020). Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on mental health and quality of life among local residents in Liaoning Province, China: A cross-sectional study. International journal of environmental research and public health, 17(7), 2381.

Published

11/07/2021

How to Cite

LIMA, K. E. R.; SILVA, V. C. da; SANTOS, I. O. dos; SOUSA, M. J. C. de .; ISAIAS, P. H. C.; MENDES, T. A. D.; DINELLY, Érika M. P.; TEIXEIRA, A. K. M.; SILVA, C. H. F. da; SILVA, R. A. D. A. da. Fear and anxiety of dentistry students during the second wave of the COVID-19 pandemic. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 10, n. 8, p. e26010817171, 2021. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v10i8.17171. Disponível em: https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/17171. Acesso em: 28 jul. 2021.

Issue

Section

Health Sciences