COVID-19: Frequency of positive cases in healthcare professionals at a reference hospital in Paraná

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v10i9.17662

Keywords:

Healthcare Professional; COVID-19; SARS-CoV-2.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to identify the profile and frequency of infections of the new coronavirus (COVID-19) among healthcare staff at reference hospital for treating the disease. This is a cross-sectional study that used data from COVID-19 Respiratory Syndrome Notification Records and the results obtained by RT-qPCR and Rapid Test. Absolute and relative frequencies were used to describe the sample. For comparisons between positive and negative cases, the chi-square test with Yates continuity correction was deployed, and were considered statistically significant the values that presented p<0,05. A total of 630 professionals were tested, and the highest percentage of confirmed cases was found among female professionals, aged below 40 years, with direct contact with COVID-19 patients, who performed at least one test for SARS-CoV-2; moreover, at the time of testing, headache, sore throat, and myalgia were the most reported symptoms. Eighty-one (81) positive tests were identified. A relationship between symptomology and the number of reagent cases to SARS-CoV-2 was found (p=0.001). Although not significant, it is noteworthy the number of positive cases among female professionals and in those who work in the private clinics. In sum, monitoring and identifying positive SARS-CoV-2 is essential to assist prevention efforts against virus dissemination, as well as to establish safety routines for healthcare professionals.

References

Anelli, F., Leoni, G., Monaco, R., Nume, C., Rossi, C. R., Marinoni, G., Spata, G., & Piscitelli, P. (2020). Italian doctors call for protecting healthcare workers and boosting community surveillance during covid-19 outbreak. BMJ, 26(368), m1254.

Adams, G. J., & Walls, M. R. (2020). Apoiando a força de trabalho da área da saúde durante a pandemia global de COVID-19. JAMA, 323(15), 1439-1440.

Agência Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária (2021). Nota técnica n Nº 7/2021/SEI/GRECS/GGTES/DIRE1/ANVISA. Brasília: Agência Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária.

Cavalvante, S. J. F., Nascimento, D. R. I., & Cavalcante, S. M. R. (2021). EPIs e segurança dos trabalhadores de saúde durante a pandemia de COVID-19: Uma breve reflexão. Research, Society and Development, 10(7), e55010716809.

Chu, J., Yang, N., Wei, Y., Yue, H., Zhang, F., Zhao, J., He, L. … & Zhang, H. (2020). Clinical characteristics of 54 medical staff with COVID‐19: A retrospective study in a single center in Wuhan. Journal of Medical.Virology, 92(7), 807-813.

Conselho Federal de Enfermagem (2020). Cofen vai à Justiça para preservar os profissionais integrantes do grupo de risco. http://www.cofen.gov.br/cofen-vai-a-justica-para-preservar-profissionais-integrantes-dos-grupos-de-risco_79210.html

Day, M. (2020). Covid-19: four fifths of cases are asymptomatic, China figures indicate. BMJ, 369, m1375.

Gomes, P. M., Barbosa, D. J, Gomes, T. M. A., Souza, A. B. F. de, Paula, S. G. de, & Espírito Santo, C. C. do. (2020). Perfil dos profissionais de enfermagem que estão atuando durante a pandemia do novo Coronavírus. Journal of Nursing and Health, 10, e20104026.

HRSWP. (2020). Hospital Regional do Sudoeste Walter Alberto Pecóits. Recursos Humanos. Impresso.

Habas, K., Nganwuchu, C., Shahzad, F., Gopalan, R., Haque, M., Rahman, A., Majumder, A. A., & Nasim, T. (2020). Resolution of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Expert Review Anti-Infective Therapy, 18(12), 1201-1211.

Jones, S. (2020). Spain: doctors struggle to cope as 514 die from coronavirus in a day. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/mar/24/spain-doctors-lack-protection-coronavirus-covid-19

Khan, M., Adil, F. S., Alkhathlan, Z. H., Tahir, N. M., Saif, S., Khan, M., & Khan, T. S. (2020) Covid-19: A Global Challenge with Old History, Epidemiology and Progress So Far. Molecules, 26(1), 39.

Lahner, E., Dilaghi, E., Prestigiacomo, C., Alessio, G., Marcellini, L., Simmaco, M., Santino, I. ... & Napoli, C. (2020). Prevalence of Sars-Cov-2 Infection in Health Workers (HWs) and Diagnostic Test Performance: The Experience of a Teaching Hospital in Central Italy. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(12), 4417.

Ministério da Saúde (2020a). Painel de casos da doença pelo coronavírus 2019 (COVID-19) no Brasil pelo Ministério da Saúde. Brasília: Ministério da Saúde.

Ministério da Saúde (2020b). Guia de Vigilância Epidemiológica: Emergência de Saúde Pública de Importância Nacional pela Doença pelo Coronavírus 2019. Brasília: Ministério da Saúde.

Ministério da Saúde (2020c). Recomendações de proteção aos trabalhadores dos serviços de saúde no atendimento de COVID-19 e outras síndromes gripais. Brasília, Ministério da Saúde.

Mizumoto, K., Kagaya, K., Zarebski, A., & Chowell, G. (2020). Estimating the asymptomatic proportion of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) cases on board the Diamond Princess cruise ship, Yokohama, Japan, 2020. EuroSurveillance, 25(10), 2000180.

Organização Mundial da Saúde (2020). Histórico da Pandemia. Brasília, DF: OMS.

Ornell, F., Schuch, B. J., Sordi, O. A., & Kessler, P. H. F. (2020). “Pandemic fear” and COVID-19: mental health burden and strategies. Brazilian Journal of Psychiatry, 42(3), 232-235.

Pereira, S. A., Shitsuka, M. D., Parreira, J. F., & Shitsuka, R. (2018). Metodologia da pesquisa científica. https://repositorio.ufsm.br/bitstream/handle/1/15824/Lic_Computacao_Metodologia-Pesquisa-Cientifica.pdf?sequence=1

Remuzzi, A., & Remuzzi, G. (2020). COVID-19 e Itália: o que vem a seguir? Lanceta, 395(10231), 1225-1228.

Rodrigues, M. C., Domingues, E. T., Mendes, F. B., Lopes, P. A. I., Magalhães, D. O. C. e, Corrêa, G. M. M. P., Vasconcelos, F. B. ... & Ribeiro, C. C. L. (2020). Perfil e condições laborais da enfermagem no enfrentamento da Covid-19. International Journal of Development Research, 10(9), 40175-40179.

Rivett, L., Sridhar, S., Sparkes, D., Routledge, M., Jones, K. N., Forrest, S., Young, J. … & Weekes, P. M. (2020). Screening of healthcare workers for SARS-CoV-2 highlights the role of asymptomatic carriage in COVID-19 transmission. eLife, 9, e58728.

Shah, K., Kamrai, D., Mekala, H., Mann, B., Desai, K., & Patel, S. R. (2020). Focus on mental health during the coronavirus (COVID19) pandemic: applying learnings from the past outbreaks. Cureus, 12(3), e7405.

Sousa-Uva, M., Sousa-Uva, A., & Serranheira, F. (2021). Prevalência de COVID-19 em profissionais de saúde e riscos profissionais de natureza psicossocial. Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Trabalho, 19(1), 73-81.

Treibel, T. A., Manisty, C., Burton, M., McKnight, A., Lambourne, J., Augusto, B. J., Couto-Parada, X., & Moon, C. J. (2020). COVID-19: PCR screening of asymptomatic health-care workers at London hospital. Lancet, 395, 1608-1610.

Uhm, J. S., Ahn, Y. J., Hyun, J., Sohn, Y., Kim, H. J., Jeong, J., Ku, S. N. … & Park, S. Y. (2020). Patterns of viral clearance in the natural course of asymptomatic COVID-19: Comparison with symptomatic non-severe COVID-19. Elsevier Public Health Emergency Collection, 99, 279-285.

Wang, D., Hu, B., Hu, C., Zhu, F., Liu, X., Zhang, J. Wang, B. … & Peng, Z. (2020). Clinical Characteristics of 138 Hospitalized Patients With 2019 Novel Coranavirus-Infected Pneumonia in Wuhan, China. JAMA, 323(11), 1061-1069.

Published

21/07/2021

How to Cite

SALLA, L.; BIEZUS, A. J. .; FOLLADOR, F. A. C. .; ARRUDA, G. .; SOUZA, C. P. A. de .; LUCIO, L. C. .; PASCOTTO, C. R. .; FERRETO, L. E. D. . COVID-19: Frequency of positive cases in healthcare professionals at a reference hospital in Paraná. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 10, n. 9, p. e5310917662, 2021. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v10i9.17662. Disponível em: https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/17662. Acesso em: 20 sep. 2021.

Issue

Section

Health Sciences