Observational analysis of Birth, Neonatal Intensive Care Unit and Deaths in Brazil during the first year of the New Corona Virus Pandemic
Keywords:Neonatal intensive care unit; Covid-19; Live birth.
The Brazilian healthcare structure has evolved in recent decades, but there are still shortages of beds in Intensive Care Units, especially in Neonatal Units. In early December 2019 they reported the first cases of a new infectious coronavirus disease (COVID-19), caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The present work makes an observational assessment of the number of deaths in the year 2020 related to the New Coronavirus Pandemic, the number of births and the panorama of Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) in the last decade. The results showed an increase in the number of deaths, with a predilection for elderly men; reduction in the number of births evaluated by the civil registry and an increase in NICUs in the last decade. This ratio was 2.6 beds per thousand births in 2010, rising to 2.9 per thousand in 2019 and reaching 3.4 beds per thousand births in 2020. Thus, the forced increase in the number of beds in the therapy unit The intensive care unit approached the proportion recommended by the Brazilian Society of Pediatrics, which is 4 beds for every thousand births.
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