Red mud incorporation in ceramic industry: a review

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v10i10.18949

Keywords:

Red mud; Ceramics; Clay brick.; Clay brick

Abstract

Red mud is a residue from bauxite mining. A literature review was conducted with applications of this waste in clay bricks.  In this context, this paper provides a review of research on the addition of red mud to fired clay bricks. Chemical compositions, materials, and production methods are also discussed. Some brick properties such as linear shrinkage, specific mass, compressive and flexural strength, porosity, and water absorption are reviewed. In addition, the chemical properties of the raw materials are highlighted. The common results among the works surveyed in the literature were grouped and discussed. The reuse of red mud in brick production represents a sustainable way of promoting a circular economy, in which waste can be reused and the exploitation of clay deposits is reduced. The insertion of this waste, in some cases, improves the properties of bricks, as well as representing a productive advantage for the ceramic industry.

References

ABNT. (2017). Componentes cerâmicos - Blocos e tijolos para alvenaria. Associação Brasileira de Normas Técnicas.

Alam, S., Das, S. K., & Rao, B. H. (2017). Characterization of coarse fraction of red mud as a civil engineering construction material. Journal of Cleaner Production, 168, 679–691. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.08.210.

Alekseev, K., Mymrin, V., Avanci, M. A., Klitzke, W., Magalhães, W. L. E., Silva, P. R., Catai, R. E., Silva, D. A., & Ferraz, F. A. (2019). Environmentally clean construction materials from hazardous bauxite waste red mud and spent foundry sand. Construction and Building Materials, 229. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2019.116860.

Arroyo, F., Luna-Galiano, Y., Leiva, C., Vilches, L. F., & Fernández-Pereira, C. (2020). Environmental risks and mechanical evaluation of recycling red mud in bricks. Environmental Research, 186(April), 109537. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2020.109537.

Babisk, M. P., Amaral, L. F., Ribeiro, L. D. S., Vieira, C. M. F., Prado, U. S. Do, Gadioli, M. C. B., Oliveira, M. S., Luz, F. S. Da, Monteiro, S. N., & Garcia Filho, F. D. C. (2020). Evaluation and application of sintered red mud and its incorporated clay ceramics as materials for building construction. Journal of Materials Research and Technology, 9(2), 2186–2195. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmrt.2019.12.049.

Bonet-Martínez, E., Pérez-Villarejo, L., Eliche-Quesada, D., Carrasco-Hurtado, B., Bueno-Rodríguez, S., & Castro-Galiano, E. (2018). Inorganic polymers synthesized using biomass ashes-red mud as precursors based on clay-kaolinite system. Materials Letters, 225, 161–166. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matlet.2018.05.012.

Dermeval, D., Coelho, J. A. P. de M., & Bittencourt, I. I. (2019). Mapeamento Sistemático e Revisão Sistemática da Literatura em Informática na Educação. In Metodologia de Pesquisa em Informática na Educação: Abordagem Quantitativa de Pesquisa. SBC. https://metodologia.ceie-br.org/livro-2/

Dondi, M. (2006). Caracterização Tecnológica dos Materiais Argilosos: Métodos Experimentais e Interpretação dos Dados. Cerâmica Industrial, 11(3), 36–40.

Hamza, A., Kocserha, I., Géber, R., & Buzimov, A. (2019). Plasticity of Red Mud and Clay Mixtures. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 613(1). https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899X/613/1/012051.

He, H., Yue, Q., Qi, Y., Gao, B., Zhao, Y., Yu, H., Li, J., Li, Q., & Wang, Y. (2012). The effect of incorporation of red mud on the properties of clay ceramic bodies. Applied Clay Science, 70, 67–73. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clay.2012.09.022.

Hildebrando, E. A., Da Silva Souza, J. A., Angélica, R. S., & De Freitas Neves, R. (2013). Application of bauxite waste from amazon region in the heavy clay industry. Materials Research, 16(6), 1418–1422. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1516-14392013005000145.

Kocserha, I., Hamza, A., & Géber, R. (2018). The effects of red mud on clay compounds. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 426(1). https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899X/426/1/012026.

Macêdo, A. N., Costa, D. H. P. e, Trindade, S. R. dos S., Souza, J. A. da S., & Carneiro, R. J. de F. M. (2011). Comportamento de blocos cerâmicos estruturais produzidos a partir da mistura de lama vermelha e argila. Ambiente Construído, 11(4), 25–36. https://doi.org/10.1590/s1678-86212011000400003.

Mahinroosta, M., Karimi, Z., & Allahverdi, A. (2020). Recycling of Red Mud for Value-Added Applications: A Comprehensive Review. In Encyclopedia of Renewable and Sustainable Materials. Elsevier Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1016/b978-0-12-803581-8.11474-2.

Oprčkal, P., Mladenovič, A., Zupančič, N., Ščančar, J., Milačič, R., & Zalar Serjun, V. (2020). Remediation of contaminated soil by red mud and paper ash. Journal of Cleaner Production, 256. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2020.120440.

Ribeiro, L. da S., Babisk, M. P., Do Prado, U. S., Monteiro, S. N., & Vieira, C. M. F. (2015). Incorporation of in natura and calcined red muds into clay ceramic. Materials Research, 18(Suppl 2), 279–282. https://doi.org/10.1590/1516-1439.372014.

Sahu, M. K., & Patel, R. K. (2016). Methods for Utilization of Red Mud and Its Management. In Environmental Materials and Waste: Resource Recovery and Pollution Prevention. Elsevier Inc. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-803837-6.00019-6.

Saternus, M. (2011). Bayern’s method of Al2O3Production - Possibilities of red mud disposal and utilization. Solid State Phenomena, 176, 11–20. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/SSP.176.11.

Scribot, C., Maherzi, W., Benzerzour, M., Mamindy-pajany, Y., & Abriak, N. (2018). A laboratory-scale experimental investigation on the reuse of a modified red mud in ceramic materials production. 163, 21–31.

Silva Filho, E. B., Alves, M. C. M., & Da Motta, M. (2007). Lama vermelha da indústria de beneficiamento de alumina: produção, características, disposição e aplicações alternativas. Matéria (Rio de Janeiro), 12(2), 322–338. https://doi.org/10.1590/s1517-70762007000200011.

Song, C., Zhang, H., Dong, Y., Pei, L., Liu, H., Jiang, J., & Xu, H. (2021). Investigation on the fabrication of lightweight aggregate with acid-leaching tailings of vanadium-bearing stone coal minerals and red mud. Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cjche.2020.09.020.

Wang, S., Jin, H., Deng, Y., & Xiao, Y. (2021). Comprehensive utilization status of red mud in China: A critical review. Journal of Cleaner Production, 289. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2020.125136.

Xu, X., Song, J., Li, Y., Wu, J., Liu, X., & Zhang, C. (2019). The microstructure and properties of ceramic tiles from solid wastes of Bayer red muds. Construction and Building Materials, 212, 266–274. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2019.03.280

Published

13/08/2021

How to Cite

SANTOS, R. M. dos .; MAGALHÃES, R. da S. .; SOBRINHO, N. de O. .; GOMES, Érico R. . Red mud incorporation in ceramic industry: a review. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 10, n. 10, p. e321101018949, 2021. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v10i10.18949. Disponível em: https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/18949. Acesso em: 21 oct. 2021.

Issue

Section

Engineerings