Thematic axes in communication between health professionals and pregnant women with HIV: an integrative review
Keywords:Pregnancy; Health communication; HIV; Prenatal care; Review.
This article aims to identify and describe the main thematic axes explored by health professionals in the field of communication involving pregnant women with HIV. This is an integrative review, with a sample of six primary articles selected on the PubMed/Medline portal, in the LILACS, EMBASE and CINAHL electronic databases, on December 10, 2020, using descriptors indexed in Health Sciences Descriptors. The guiding question was: "What evidence is available in the literature regarding communication between health professionals and pregnant women with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus, in prenatal care?". Inclusion criteria: theme focused on communication between health professionals and pregnant women with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus, during prenatal care, in Portuguese, Spanish or English, without a time frame. Exclusion criteria: review studies, editorials, reply letters, comments and expert opinions, written in languages other than English, Spanish and Portuguese.Among the articles found in English, most were produced in South Africa. A qualitative study, two cross-sectional, an observational cohort and a prospective quasi-experimental intervention were identified. Results are presented in a synoptic table with the main information. It was found that communication between health professionals and pregnant women with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus has a complex dimension, interfering from treatment adherence to diagnosis acceptance. All articles revealed a positive impact of this communication, collaborating even in the pregnant-partner communication. Adequate communication enables comprehensive care, makes it possible to experience pregnancy with greater fullness and safety, favoring safe choices and female empowerment.
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Copyright (c) 2021 Jéssica Fernanda Marcelina Fernandes Ferreira; Verônica Borges Kappel; Kéllen Campos Castro Moreira; Larissa Cândida Melo; Pedro César Condeles; Bibiane Dias Miranda Parreira; Mariana Torreglosa Ruiz; Bethania Ferreira Goulart
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