Exergy analysis of an anaerobic digestion plant fed with dairy cattle waste

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v10i13.21170

Keywords:

Exergy; Dairy cattle manure; Biogas production; Thermodynamic efficiency; Chemical composition.; Exergy; Dairy cattle manure; Biogas production; Thermodynamic efficiency; Chemical composition.

Abstract

In order to integrate different processes for the reuse of agricultural waste, the production of biogas and biofertilizer, produced by anaerobic digestion, are essential for the sustainable development and diversification of the Brazilian energy matrix. As the analysis of the thermodynamic performance of these systems is scarce in the literature, this work aimed to associate the physicochemical parameters of dairy cattle residues with the value of their respective chemical exergy. And thus, evaluate the efficiency of the biodigester based on real operational data from Starmilk, located in the municipality of Céu Azul in the west of the State of Paraná, Brazil. The results show that the exergy content of fresh manure was 16.03 MJ/kg, 15.35 MJ/kg for the biofertilizer and 29.55 MJ/m³ (CNTP) of biogas exergy. Based on the analyzes carried out, it is inferred that the analyzed biodigester has an overall exergy efficiency of 72.82%, being able to recover 27.29% of the exergy of cattle manure in the form of biogas.

Author Biography

Victor Vaz, Universidade Estadual do Oeste do Paraná

Graduated in Physics from the Universidade Federal de Goiás, Regional Catalão (UFG/RC) and graduated in Mathematics by the Kumon teaching method, also in Catalão Goiás. He has experience in research, in the field of teaching physics, with an emphasis on playful and active methodologies, as a scholarship holder for teaching initiation by the Programa Institucional de Bolsas de Iniciação à Docência (Pibid) and by the Residência Pedagógica (RP), both by Capes. Master's Degree in Energy Engineering in Agriculture at the Universidade Estadual do Oeste do Paraná (Unioeste) in the biofuels research line, studying the applications of thermoeconomics in evaluating the feasibility of projects.

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Published

12/10/2021

How to Cite

VAZ, V.; BISSANI, F. M. .; SILVA, E. V. C. da .; SOUZA, S. N. M. de .; BISSANI, B.; SOUZA, J. de . Exergy analysis of an anaerobic digestion plant fed with dairy cattle waste . Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 10, n. 13, p. e276101321170, 2021. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v10i13.21170. Disponível em: https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/21170. Acesso em: 3 dec. 2021.

Issue

Section

Engineerings