Descriptive study of intestinal parasites in a municipality of the western Brazilian Amazon

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v10i13.21441

Keywords:

Protozoan infections; Helminthiasis; Ascaris lumbricoides.

Abstract

Intestinal parasites are among the most prevalent infections in humans. A cross-sectional survey was performed in a Canutama, Amazonas state, Brazil, in order to estimate the prevalence of intestinal parasites. The detection of parasites in the feces was performed using the Lutz method. Demographic data and the characteristics of the households were collected using a questionnaire. The prevalence of parasites was 36.9%. Ascaris lumbricoides (7.14%) was the most prevalent. The absence of a sewage network, consumption of raw vegetables and raw meat are risk factors for contracting intestinal parasitosis. We reported a prevalence of intestinal parasites and determined some of the risk factors.

References

Adejumoke, A. & Morenikeji, O. (2015). Prevalence of intestinal parasites in vegetables sold in major markets in Ibadan city, south-west Nigeria. Glob J Pure Appl Sci, 21(1),7–12.

Belo, V. S., Oliveira, R. B., Fernandes, P. C., Nascimento, B. W. L., Fernandes, F. V., Castro, C. L. F., Santos, W. B., & Silva, E. S. (2012). Fatores associados à ocorrência de parasitoses intestinais em uma população de crianças e adolescentes. Rev Paul Pediatr, 30(2), 195-201.

De Silva, N. R., Brooker, S., Hotez, P. J., Montresor, A., Engels, D., & Savioli, L. (2003). Soil-transmitted helminth infections: updating the global picture. Trends Parasitol, 19(12), 547-51.

Esteves, F. M., Silva-Vergara, M. L., & Carvalho, A. C. (2005). Inquérito epidemiológico sobre teníase em população do Programa Saúde da Família no município de Uberaba, MG [Epidemiologic survey of teniasis in Health and Family Program in Uberaba, MG]. Rev Soc Bras Med Trop, 38(6), 530-1.

Faria, C. P., Zanini, G. M., Dias, G. S., da Silva, S., de Freitas, M. B., Almendra, R., Santana, P., & Sousa, M. D. (2017). Geospatial distribution of intestinal parasitic infections in Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) and its association with social determinants. PLoS Negl Trop Dis, 11(3), e0005445.

Garcia, H. H., Gonzalez, A. E., & Gilman, R. H. (2020). Taenia solium Cysticercosis and Its Impact in Neurological Disease. Clin Microbiol Rev, 33(3), e00085-19.

Hurtado-Guerrero, A. F., Alencar, F. H., & Hurtado-Guerrero, J. C. (2005). Ocorrência de enteroparasitas na população geronte de Nova Olinda do Norte - Amazonas. Acta Amaz, 35, 487-490.

Jensen, P. K., Phuc, P. D., Konradsen, F., Klank, L. T., & Dalsgaard, A. (2009). Survival of Ascaris eggs and hygienic quality of human excreta in Vietnamese composting latrines. Environ Health, 8, 57.

Lutz, A. O. (1919). Schistosomum mansoni, segundo observações feitas no Brazil. Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, 11, 121-155.

Maciel, M. G., Lima, W. S., de Almeida, F. L. M., Coelho, L. I. A. R. C., Araújo, G. A. N., Lima, M. G., Maciel, L. H. G., Pereira, C. A. J., Maciel, T. C. S., Guerra, J. A. O., Santana, R. A. G., & Guerra, M. G. V. B. (2018). Cross-Sectional Serological Survey of Human Fascioliasis in Canutama Municipality in Western Amazon, Brazil. J Parasitol Res, 6823638.

Martins, M., Lacerda, M. V., Monteiro, W. M., Moura, M. A., Santos, E. C., Saraceni, V., & Saraiva, M. G. (2015). Progression of the load of waterborne and intestinal parasitic diseases in the State of Amazonas. Rev Soc Bras Med Trop, 48(1), 42-54.

Monteiro, T. H., Chaves, T. S. S., Matos, H. J., Sofffiatti, N. F., Guimarães, R. J., Guimarães, L. H., Ventura, A. M., & Machado, R. L. (2015). Basic sanitation, socioeconomic conditions, and degree of risk for the presence and maintenance of malaria in a low-transmission area in the Brazilian Amazon. Rev Soc Bras Med Trop, 48(5),573-9.

Montresor, A., Mupfasoni, D., Mikhailov, A., Mwinzi, P., Lucianez, A., Jamsheed, M., Gasimov, E., Warusavithana, S., Yajima, A., Bisoffi, Z., Buonfrate, D., Steinmann, P., Utzinger, J., Levecke, B., Vlaminck, J., Cools, P., Vercruysse, J., Cringoli, G., Rinaldi, L., Blouin, B., & Gyorkos, T. W. (2020). The global progress of soil-transmitted helminthiases control in 2020 and World Health Organization targets for 2030. PLoS Negl Trop Dis, 14(8), e0008505.

Nyarango, R. M., Aloo, P. A., Kabiru, E. W., & Nyanchongi, B. O. (2008). The risk of pathogenic intestinal parasite infections in Kisii Municipality, Kenya. BMC Public Health, 8, 237.

Oliveira, A. A., Nascimento, A., Santos, T. A. M., Carmo, G. M. I., Dimech, C. P. N., Alves, R. M. S., Malaspina, F. G., Garcia, M. H. O., Santos, D. A, Aguiar, G. P. R., Albuquerque, B. C., & Carmo, E. H. (2007). Estudo da prevalência e fatores associados à fasciolose no Município de Canutama, Estado do Amazonas, Brasil. Epidemiologia e Serviços de Saúde, 16(4), 251-259.

Pozio, E. (2020). How globalization and climate change could affect foodborne parasites. Exp Parasitol, 107807.

Prado, M. S., Strina, A., Barreto, M. L., Oliveira-Assis, A. M., Paz, L. M., & Cairncross, S. (2003). Risk factors for infection with Giardia duodenalis in pre-school children in the city of Salvador, Brazil. Epidemiol Infect, 2, 899-906.

World Health Organization. (‎2017)‎. Guideline: preventive chemotherapy to control soil-transmitted helminth infections in at-risk population groups. WHO. https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/258983.

World Health Organization. (2012)‎. Soil-transmitted helminthiases : eliminating as public health problem soil-transmitted helminthiases in children : progress report 2001-2010 and strategic plan 2011-2020. WHO. https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/44804.

Downloads

Published

17/10/2021

How to Cite

MACIEL, M. G. .; LIMA, W. dos S. .; BAIA DA SILVA, D. C. .; CEZAR, R. S. M. .; OLIVEIRA, J. C. .; MEDEIROS, G. C. R. .; MACIEL, M. G. .; GUERRA, J. A. de O. .; GUERRA, M. das G. V. B. . Descriptive study of intestinal parasites in a municipality of the western Brazilian Amazon. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 10, n. 13, p. e420101321441, 2021. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v10i13.21441. Disponível em: https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/21441. Acesso em: 3 dec. 2021.

Issue

Section

Health Sciences