Timed Up and Go test in the assessment of the risk of falls in the elderly: a literature review
Keywords:Accidental falls; Geriatric assessment; Postural balance.
Assess the risk of falls in the elderly and fundamental knowledge for the creation of public health care policies. The aim of this study was to investigate the use of the Timed Up and Go (TUG) test as a tool to assess the risk of falls in the elderly. This is a literature review of scientific articles indexed in the PubMed and Scielo databases, published between 2011 and 2021. Thus, the results obtained in the studies failed to demonstrate the efficiency of the TUG to assess the risk of falls in the elderly, in addition to the divergences analyzed, especially in relation to the cutoff score, as there are studies that point to different measures. Studies have failed to demonstrate the effectiveness of TUG in predicting falls in the elderly, but demonstrate its importance when used with other tests. There is a need for more studies on the subject, as they can contribute to clinical practice, guiding the best choice of tests to be applied to elderly people who are at risk of falls.
Alexandre, T. S. et al. (2012). Accuracy of Timed Up and Go Test for screening risk of falls among community-dwelling elderly. Rev Bras Fisioter. 16(5), 381-8.
Baixinho, C. L. et al. (2019). Falls in institutionalized elderly with and without cognitive decline A study of some factors. Dementia & Neuropsychologia. 13 (1), 116-121.
Bischoff, H.A. et al. (2003). Identifying a cut-off point for normal mobility: A comparison of the timed ‘up and go’ test in community-dwelling and institutionalised elderly women. Age Ageing. 315-320.
Bretan, O. et al. (2013). Risk of falling among elderly persons living in the community: assessment by the Timed up and go test. Braz J Otorhinolaryngol. 79(1), 18-21.
Campos, M. P. S. et al. (2013). Os testes de Equilíbrio, Alcance Funcional e “Timed Up and Go” e o risco de queda em idosos. Revista Kairós Gerontologia. 16(4), 125-138.
Chow, R. B. et al. (2018). Effectiveness of the “timed up and go” (TUG) and the chair test as screening tools for geriatric fall risk assessment in the ED. The American Journal of Emergeney Medicine.
Cunha, J. S., et al. (2019). Produção Científica Acerca da Assistência de Enfermagem no Envelhecimento Saudável da Pessoa Idosa. Faculdade de Enfermagem São Vicente de Paula. 159-176.
Damián, J. et al. (2013). Factors associated with falls among older adults living in institutions. BMC Geriatr. 15, 13-6.
Fang X. et al. (2012). Frailty in relation to the risk of falls, fractures, and mortality in older Chinese adults: results from the Beijing Longitudinal Study of Aging. The Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging, 16(10), 903-907.
Fioritto, A.P. et al. (2020). Prevalência do risco de queda e fatores associados em idosos residentes na comunidade. Rev. Bras. Geriatr. Gerontol. 23(2), 200076
Gamage, N. et al. (2019). Prevalence and associated risk factors of falls among rural community-dwelling older people: a cross- sectional study from southern Sri Lanka. Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research.
Guerra, H. S. et al. (2017). Avaliação do risco de quedas em idosos da comunidade. Rev. Saúde.Com. 13(2), 879-886
Guimarães, J. M. N, & Farinatti, P. T. V. (2005). Análise descritiva de variáveis teoricamente associadas ao risco de quedas em mulheres idosas. Rev Bras Med Esporte. 11, 299-305.
Jagnoor J. et al. (2014). A qualitative study on the perceptions of preventing falls as a health priority among older people in. Northern India. Inj Prev. 20, 29–34.
Kojima, et al. (2015). Does the timed up and go test predict futurefalls among British community-dwelling older people? Prospective cohort study nested within a randomised controlled trial. BMC Geriatrics. 15:38.
Lima-Costa, M. F. (2018) Envelhecimento e saúde coletiva: Estudo Longitudinal da Saúde dos Idosos Brasileiros (ELSI-Brasil). Rev Saude Publica. 52, 2-2.
Martinez, B. P. et al. (2016). Segurança e reprodutibilidade do Teste Timed Up and Go em idosos hospitalizados. Rev Bras Med Esporte. 22(5).
Paixão, J. C. M., & Heckman, M. F. (2006). Distúrbios da postura, marcha e quedas. In: Freitas, E.V. et al. Tratado de Geriatria e Gerontologia. Guanabara Koogan, 950- 959.
Podsiadlo, D., & Richardson, S. (1991). The timed “Up & Go”: a test of basic functional mobility for frail elderly persons. Journal of the. American Geriatrics Society. 39(2), 142-148.
Rodrigues, et al. (2017). Timed Up and Go Risk Predictor of Falls in Elderly People Residing in the Community? International Archives of Medicine. Vol. 10(146).
Rodrigues, A. L. P., & Souza, V. R. (2016). Eficiência do Teste Timed Up and Go na predição de quedas em idosos atendidos em uma Unidade Básica de Saúde de Fortaleza-Ce. Revista Brasileira de Prescrição e Fisiologia do Exercício. 10(58), 314-320.
Rodrigues, I. G et al. (2014). Falls among the elderly: risk factors in a population-based study. Rev. Brasileira de Epidemiologia. 17(3), 705–718.
Rother, E. T. (2017). Revisão sistemática X revisão narrativa. Acta Paulista de Enfermagem. 20(2), 5-6.
Silva, S. M. C. S., & Mura, J. D. P. (2014). Tratado de alimentação, nutrição e dietoterapia. (2a ed.), Roca. 461-462.
Smith, A. A. et al. (2017). Assessment of risk of falls in elderly living at home. Rev. Latino- Am. Enfermagem. 25, 2754.
Sociedade Brasileira de Geriatria e Gerontologia (2019). OMS divulga metas para 2019; desafios impactam a vida de idosos.
Teixeira, D. K. S. et al. (2019). Falls among the elderly: environmental limitations and functional losses. Revista Brasileira de Geriatria e Gerontologia. 22(3), 1–10
Teresi, J. A. et al. (2013). Comparative effectiveness of implementing evidence-based education and best practices in nursing homes: Effects on falls, quality-of-life and societal costs. International Journal of Nursing Studies. 50(4), 448-463.
Thrane, G. et al. (2007). Thornquist E. The association between timed up and go test and history of falls: The Tromsø study. BMC Geriatr. 7(1),1-7.
Veras, R. (2009). Envelhecimento populacional contemporâneo: demandas, desafios e inovações. Rev Saúde Pública. 43, 548-554.
Virtuoso, J. F. et al. (2013). Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho humano. Rev Bras Cineantropom Desempenho Hum. 16(4), 381-389.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 Luana Cristina Albuquerque Andrade; Geysila Laryena dos Anjos Costa; Luanne Gabrielle Bentes Diogenes; Paulo Henrique Ramos Pimentel
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
1) Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
2) Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
3) Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.