American Tegumentary Leishmaniasis in Montes Claros: an epidemiological study

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v10i13.21642

Keywords:

Visceral leishmaniasis; Zoonoses; Neglected diseases.

Abstract

Introduction: American Tegumentary Leishmaniasis (ATL), or kala azar, is a serious chronic disease caused by Leishmania spp. It is an infectious and non-contagious disease that affects both humans and several species of wild and domestic animals, presenting the clinical forms of cutaneous, mucocutaneous and diffuse cutaneous. ATL is classified as a generalized zoonotic disease that has a global impact. It is caused by protozoa of the genus Leishmania and is considered a serious public health problem. Objective: To describe the epidemiological profile of cases found in Montes Claros-MG. Methodology: An epidemiological assessment was performed based on secondary data from SINAN/MS from January 2010 to December 2015. Results: From 2010 to 2015, 286 cases of ATL were registered, with the majority of cases occurring in children under 19 years of age (31.81%) and patients over 59 years (17.83%) had a lower percentage of disease involvement. The first choice drug used by patients was Glucantime (87.06%). The most affected gender was male (52.44%) and most patients had no comorbidities (76.96%). Conclusion: In Montes Claros, Minas Gerais, ATL presented high cases during the research period. In this sense, this study guides the development of new researches that address and monitor the spread of the disease by monitoring urban areas concomitantly with the capture of animals for the presence of the parasite, thus assisting in public health decision-making in controlling the disease.

References

Abraão, L. S. d. O., José, B. M. P. A., Gomes, C. B. d. S., Nunes, P. C., Santos, D. R. d., Varela, A. P. A. d. S., & Lima, C. d. S. (2020). Perfil epidemiológico dos casos de leishmaniose tegumentar americana no estado do Pará, Brasil, entre 2008 e 2017. Revista Pan-Amazônica de Saúde, 11.

Brazil. (2017). Manual de vigilância da leishmaniose tegumentar.

Cunha, J. C. d. L., Oliveira, J. W. d., & Pompeu, L. M. (2006). Transmissão domiciliar de leishmaniose tegumentar e associação entre leishmaniose humana e canina, durante uma epidemia na Serra de Baturité, no estado de Ceará, Brasil. 9, 425-435.

de Souza, M. A., da Silva, A. G., Afonso-Cardoso, S. R., Favoreto, S. J., & Ferreira, M. S. (2005). [Immunoglobulin isotype and IgG subclass profiles in American tegumentary leishmaniasis]. Rev Soc Bras Med Trop, 38(2), 137-141. 10.1590/s0037-86822005000200002.

Figueira, L. d. P., Soares, F. V., Naiff Júnior, R. D., Vinhote-Silva, A. C., Silva, S. S. d., Espir, T. T., & Franco, A. M. R. (2017). New human case reports of cutaneous leishmaniasis by Leishmania (Viannia) naiffi in the Amazon region, Brazil. Brazil. Acta Amazonica 47, 47-52. 10.1590/1809-4392201601484.

Gontijo, B., & de Carvalho Mde, L. (2003). [American cutaneous leishmaniasis]. Rev Soc Bras Med Trop, 36(1), 71-80. 10.1590/s0037-86822003000100011.

Guerra, J. A., Maciel, M. G., Guerra, M. V., Talhari, A. C., Prestes, S. R., Fernandes, M. A., . . . Barbosa, M. (2015). Tegumentary leishmaniasis in the State of Amazonas: what have we learned and what do we need? Rev Soc Bras Med Trop, 48 Suppl 1, 12-19. 10.1590/0037-8682-0268-2013.

JCF., S. (2009). Leishmaniose tegumentar americana (LTA), nos municípios de Crato, Juazeiro do Norte e Barbalha, Estado do Ceará, Brasil, 2003-2005 [dissertação]. Fortaleza (CE). Universidade Federal do Ceará, Faculdade de Medicina.

Lima, E. B. d., Porto, C., Motta, J. O. C., & Sampaio, R. N. R. (2007). Tratamento da Leishmaniose Tegumentar Americana. An Bras Dermatol, 111-124. 10.1590/S0365-05962007000200002.

Lyra, M. R., Pimentel, M. I., Madeira Mde, F., Antonio Lde, F., Lyra, J. P., Fagundes, A., & Schubach Ade, O. (2015). First Report Of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis Caused By Leishmania (Leishmania) infantum chagasi IN AN Urban Area Of Rio De Janeiro, Brazil. Rev Inst Med Trop 57(5), 451-454. 10.1590/S0036-46652015000500016.

Miranda, T. M. d., Malaquias, L. C. C., Escalda, P. M. F., Ramalho, K. C., Coura-Vital, W., Silva, A. R. d., & Reis, A. B. (2011). Descriptive study of American tegumentary leishmaniasis in the urban area of the Municipality of Governador Valadares, Minas Gerais State, Brazil. Revista Pan-Amazônica de Saúde, 2, 27-35.

Murback, N. D., Hans Filho, G., Nascimento, R. A., Nakazato, K. R., & Dorval, M. E. (2011). American cutaneous leishmaniasis: clinical, epidemiological and laboratory studies conducted at a university teaching hospital in Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. An Bras Dermatol, 86(1), 55-63. 10.1590/s0365-05962011000100007.

Oliveira, D. A. d. S., Figueiredo, M. F., & Braga, P. E. T. (2014). Perfil Epidemiológico Dos Casos De Leishmaniose Tegumentar Americana Na Serra Da Meruoca, Ceará, No Período De 2001 A 2012. 13(2), 36-41.

Pelissari, D. M., Cechinel, M. P., Sousa-Gomes, M. L. d., & Júnior, F. E. F. d. L. (2011). Treatment of Visceral Leishmaniasis and American Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in Brazil. Epidemiol. Serv. Saúde, Brasília, 20(1), 107-110.

Pinto, B. F., Sinval, P. C., Milena Paiva, Queiroz, B., Waldir de Queiróz, R., M., Ângela C. R., & Oliveira, G., J. A. de O. (2010). Caracterização de Leishmania spp em amostras isoladas de pacientes portadores de leishmaniose tegumentar americana em área endêmica da região Norte, Brasil. Tese (Saúde pública) - Centro de Pesquisas Aggeu Magalhães.

Ribeiro, J., Roewer, S., & Nascimento, M. (2014). Prevalência de leishmaniose tegumentar americana no município de Barra do Garças-MT. Interdisciplin Univar, 11(1), 71-76.

Romero, G. A. (2016). O controle de leishmaniose visceral no Brasil: transformar é preciso. Cad Saude Publica, 32(6), S0102-0311X2016000600402. 10.1590/0102-311XCO010616.

Sampaio, R. N., Salaro, C. P., Resende, P., & de Paula, C. D. (2002). [American cutaneous leishmaniasis associated with HIV/AIDS: report of four clinical cases]. Rev Soc Bras Med Trop, 35(6), 651-654. 10.1590/s0037-86822002000600017.

Schneider, E. M., Fujii, R. A. X., & Corazza, M. J. (2017). Pesquisas quali-quantitativas: contribuições para a pesquisa em ensino de ciências. Revista Pesquisa Qualitativa, 5(9), 569-584.

Silva, F. S. d., Silva, J. O., Aguiar, M. F. F., José, J., Neto, L. d. S., Rocha, R. G. d., & Guimarães, V. H. D. (2021). Epidemiological aspects of visceral leishmaniasis in the municipality of Montes Claros-MG. Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences, 43, 8.

Torres-Guerrero, E., Quintanilla-Cedillo, M. R., Ruiz-Esmenjaud, J., & Arenas, R. (2017). Leishmaniasis: a review. F1000Res, 6, 750. 10.12688/f1000 research .11120.1.

Downloads

Published

20/10/2021

How to Cite

SILVA, F. S. da .; SILVA, J. O. .; AGUIAR, M. F. F. .; SANTOS NETO, J. J. L. .; PORTO, R. H. D. .; ORTEGA, J. R. .; SILVA, F. M. .; SÁ, G. O. de .; ROCHA, R. G. da .; GUIMARÃES, V. H. D. . American Tegumentary Leishmaniasis in Montes Claros: an epidemiological study. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 10, n. 13, p. e521101321642, 2021. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v10i13.21642. Disponível em: https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/21642. Acesso em: 7 dec. 2021.

Issue

Section

Health Sciences