Evaluation of swallowing pattern sound in patients with temporomandibular disorder

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v10i14.21835

Keywords:

Deglutition; Temporomandibular joint dysfunction syndrome; Deglutition disorders.

Abstract

Objectives: The impairment of the temporomandibular joint and masticatory muscles has a negative impact on functions of the stomatognathic system, such as swallowing. Thus, an atypical swallowing pattern may contribute to the development of temporomandibular disorder (TMD). The aim of the present study was to evaluate acoustic aspects of swallowing and determine the occurrence of atypical swallowing dynamics. Methods: Sixty-two individuals [16 males (25.8%) and 46 females (74.2%); mean age 39.84 (± 9.40); 47 with TMD and 15 without TMD] were evaluated using an ultrasound detector during the swallowing of three consistencies: liquid, pasty and solid. The acoustic signals were recorded and subsequently analyzed using the DeglutiSom® software. Results: The majority of the sample (81%) with TMD presented atypical swallowing biodynamics, with a significantly greater frequency of food residuals for the three consistencies. The signal suggestive of aspiration was more frequent with the liquid consistency (37% of the group). Conclusion: There is a relation between TMD and an atypical swallowing pattern, which underscores the need for the multidisciplinary evaluation of individuals with this disorder.

Author Biographies

Bianca Cavalcante-Leão , Tuiuti University of Paraná

Doctor's student and Professor, Tuiuti University of Paraná, Curitiba, PR, Brazil.

Ana Clara Gonçalves de Figueiredo, Tuiuti University of Paraná

Bachelor of Speech Therapy at Tuiuti University of Paraná, Curitiba, PR, Brazil.

Gloria Maria Cortz Ravazzi , Tuiuti University of Paraná

Dentstry; Master’s student Program in Communication Disorders, Tuiuti University of Paraná, Curitiba, PR, Brazil.

Bianca Simone Zeigelboim , Tuiuti University of Paraná

Master's and Doctoral Program in Communication Disorders - Tuiuti University of Paraná, Curitiba, PR, Brazil.

Wagner Hummig , Neurology Institute of Curitiba

Neurology Institute of Curitiba, PR, Brazil.

Rosane Sampaio Santos , Tuiuti University of Paraná

Master's and Doctoral Program in Communication Disorders - Tuiuti University of Paraná, Curitiba, PR, Brazil.

Jose Stechman-Neto , Tuiuti University of Paraná

Master's and Doctoral Program in Communication Disorders - Tuiuti University of Paraná, Curitiba, PR, Brazil.

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Published

07/11/2021

How to Cite

CASTILHO , K. R. S. .; CAVALCANTE-LEÃO , B. .; FIGUEIREDO, A. C. G. de .; RAVAZZI , G. M. C. .; ZEIGELBOIM , B. S. .; HUMMIG , W. .; SANTOS , R. S. .; STECHMAN-NETO , J. . Evaluation of swallowing pattern sound in patients with temporomandibular disorder. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 10, n. 14, p. e403101421835, 2021. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v10i14.21835. Disponível em: https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/21835. Acesso em: 21 may. 2022.

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Health Sciences