Interrelation Between COVID-19, periodontitis and some oral diseases: literature review

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v11i3.26159

Keywords:

COVID-19.; Pathology oral; Periodontitis.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate, through a review, the interrelationship between COVID-19, periodontitis and some oral pathologies. The transmission of COVID-19 occurs through small droplets in the nose or mouth containing a viral particle that is expelled by people during coughing, speaking, or sneezing, for example. About 20% of those infected from inpatient and 5% will likely occur from a bed in intensive care. People with underlying medical conditions are more likely to develop serious illness. Patients with preexisting comorbidities such as diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular diseases, among others, may be more susceptible to developing the most severe form of COVID-19. Several systemic changes may be associated with this pathology, such as disorders in the oral microbiota, an increase in the number of microorganisms present in it, which would lead to a greater propensity for oral pathologies. Virus entry can subvert the host's immune system and oral microbiota, triggering dysbiosis that allows for superinfection, understanding the association of periodontal disease with severe COVID-19. The present study aims to assess an association between pathology oral and the worsening of COVID-19, as well as to identify its relationship between preexisting symptoms and oral pathologies.

References

Bertolini, M et al. (2020) Periodontal Disease in the COVID-19 Era: Potential Reservoir and Increased Risk for SARS-CoV-2. Pesquisa Brasileira em Odontopediatria e Clínica Integrada, 20.

Bhatia, V et al. (2021). Can Improved Periodontal Health Be A Key Factor In Preventing Severe COVID-19 Complications: An Evidence-Based Review. Advanc Dentistry, 2 (1), 1-4.

Brito, L. F. N. de et al. (2016). Influência do tratamento ortodôntico na reabsorção radicular: uma revisão sistemática. RFO UPF, 21(2), 231-236.

Cardoso, T. F. et al. (2020). COVID-19 e a Cavidade Bucal: interações, manifestações clínicas e prevenção. Ulakes Journal Of Medicine, 1.

Carvalho, R C L et al. (2021). Atuação do cirurgião-dentista no cuidado de pacientes em unidade de terapia intensiva durante a pandemia da COVID-19. Brazilian Journal of Health Review, 4 (2), 9473-9487.

Dziedzic, A.; & Wojtyczka, R (2021). O impacto da doença infecciosa por coronavírus 19 (COVID ‐ 19) na saúde bucal. Doenças orais, 27, 703-706.

Falcón-Guerrero, B E.; & Falcón-Pasapera, G S (2021) Repercusiones en la Cavidad Oral Causadas por la Infección con COVID-19. International journal of odontostomatology, 15 (1), 23-26.

Fiocruz (2021) Impactos sociais, econômicos, culturais e políticos da pandemia. https://portal.fiocruz.br/impactos-sociais-economicos-culturais-e- politicosda-pandemia

Flores, R G.; & Rodríguez, G Z (2020). Implicaciones bucales por COVID-19. Revisión de tema. Odontol. sanmarquina (Impr.). 2020; 23(4): 419-424.

Gatti, M et al. (2020). Radiografia de tórax basal em pacientes com doença coronavírus 19 (COVID-19): associação com dados clínicos e laboratoriais. La R adiologia M edica, 125 (12), 1271-1279.

Harikrishnan, P (2020). Gustatory dysfunction as na early symptom in COVID-19 screening. The Journal of craniofacial surgery. Inferir da literatura até o presente momento? Cenários Odontológicos Em Tempos De Pandemia, p. 238.

Iranmanesh, B et al. (2021). Oral manifestations of COVID‐19 disease: A review article. Dermatologic therapy, 34, (1), e14578.

Johnson, I. G. et al. (2021). Dental periodontal procedures: a systematic review of contamination (splatter, droplets and aerosol) in relation to COVID-19. BDJ open, 7 (1), 1-7.

Kara, C., et al. (2020). Is periodontal disease a risk factor for developing severe COVID-19 infection? The potential role of Galectin-3. Experimental Biology and Medicine, 245 (16), 1425-1427.

Kumar, V., et al. (2010). p38 kinase is crucial for osteopontin-induced furin expression that supports cervical cancer progression. Cancer research, 70 (24), 10381-10391.

Marouf, N., et al. (2021). Association between periodontitis and severity of COVID‐19 infection: A case–control study. Journal of clinical periodontology, 48 (4), 483- 491.

Matuck, B. F., et al. (2021). Periodontal tissues are targets for Sars-Cov-2: a post- mortem study. Journal of Oral Microbiology, 13 (1), 1848135.

Mcintosh, K.; Hirsch, M. S.; & Bloom, A (2020). Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). UpToDate Hirsch MS Bloom, 5 (1).

Mcintosh, K.; Hirsch, M. S.; & Bloom, A (2020). Doença de coronavírus 2019 (COVID- 19). https://www.cmim.org/PDF_COVID/Coronavirus_disease2019_C OVID-19_UpToDate2. pdf.

Passarelli, P. C., et al. (2020). COVID-19 and oral diseases: How can we manage hospitalized and quarantined patients while reducing risks? Electron J Gen Med. 2020, 17 (6), 238.

Pitones-Rubio, V. et al. (2020). A doença periodontal é um fator de risco para doença COVID- 19 grave? Hipóteses médicas, 144, 109969.

Rayet, B.; & Gelinas, C (1999). Aberrant rel/nfkb genes and activity in human cancer. Oncogene, 18 (49), 6938-6947.

Santos, J. P. A. et al. (2020). Doença periodontal e covid-19: o que podemos inferir da literatura até o presente momento? Cenários Odontológicos Em Tempos De Pandemia, 238.

Sharma, A et al. (2020). How Chronic Periodontitis associated with Systemic Diseases increases the case fatality rate among COVID-19 Patients. Journal of Advanced Medical and Dental Sciences Research, 8 (8), 71-77.

Soares, C. D et al. (2020). Letter to Editor: Oral lesions in a patient with Covid-19. Medicina oral, patologia oral y cirugia bucal, 25 (4), e563.

Sukumar, K.; & Tadepalli, A (2021). Nexus between COVID-19 and periodontal disease. Journal of International Medical Research, 49 (3), 03000605211002695.

Takahashi, Y et al. (2021). Aspiration of periodontopathic bacteria due to poor oral hygiene potentially contributes to the aggravation of COVID-19. Journal of oral science, 63 (1), 1-3.

Villanueva-Sánchez, F. G. et al. (2020). Expressão gênica de receptores ECA2 na cavidade oral e glândulas salivares e seu papel na infecção por SARS CoV2. Revisão da literatura. Odovtos International Journal of Dental Sciences, 22 (3), 87-92.

Yongchaitrakul, T.; Manokawinchoke, J.; & Pavasant, P (2009). Osteoprotegerin induces osteopontin via syndecan‐1 and phosphoinositol 3‐kinase/Akt in human periodontal ligament cells. Journal of periodontal research, 44 (6), 776-783.

Zhu, et al. (2020). Um novo coronavírus de pacientes com pneumonia na China, 2019. New England Journal of Medicine.

Published

16/02/2022

How to Cite

LOPES, S. M. .; SOUSA, W. M. de A. .; ALVES, E. H. P. .; FERNANDES, J. R. N. .; FERNANDES, T. R. S. .; CASTRO, V. de F. V. de; NASCIMENTO , H. M. S. .; SILVA, W. R. da .; LIRA, J. A. S. P. de .; COELHO, F. A. da R.; GOMES, P. R. C. .; RIBEIRO, F. de O. S. . Interrelation Between COVID-19, periodontitis and some oral diseases: literature review. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 11, n. 3, p. e14011326159, 2022. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i3.26159. Disponível em: https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/26159. Acesso em: 27 feb. 2024.

Issue

Section

Review Article