Perception of social and emotional characteristics through smile

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v11i3.26326

Keywords:

Esthetics, Dental; Self Concept; Interviews, group.

Abstract

Introduction: The concept of beauty, however a subjective issue, is overvalued in some societies, especially in Brazil. Beautiful people enjoy social advantages and are best evaluated for having positive characteristics. Objective: To quantify, by means of a questionnaire, the ability of interviewees, to evaluate / intuit / attribute specific characteristics to unknown people, starting from an observational point of view by means of different photos. Methods: Six different photos were designed for undergraduate students, each representing a smile with different aesthetic changes. Participants answered a questionnaire that contained 10 statements regarding emotional and social characteristics and, afterwards, scoring whether or not they agreed with each statement for each evaluated image. Results: A better evaluation was obtained of image considered having harmonic smile, while greater negative characteristics were attributed to smiles with aesthetic changes, such as fractures, diastema, unsatisfactory restorations, and color changes. Conclusion: According to this study, it can be concluded that dental aesthetics influence the evaluation and judgment of certain characteristics influencing on the emotional and social background.  It is the duty of the dental surgeon to be attentive to this subjective step when facing unaestethic smiles, allowing a greater understanding the psycho-social context of the patient.

References

Akram, A. J., Ireland, A. J., Postlethwaite, K. C., Sandy, JR, J. A. (2013). Assessment of a condition-specific quality-of-life measure for patients with developmentally absent teeth: validity and reliability testing. Orthod Craniofac Res., 16(4), 193–201.

Aldeeri, A. A., Alhababi, K. A., Algahtani, F. A., Tounsi, A. A., & Albadr, K. I. (2020). Perception of Altered Smile Esthetics by Orthodontists, Dentists, and Laypeople in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dentistry, 12(19), 563–570. https://doi.org/10.2147/CCIDE.S272226

Alhammadi, M. S., Halboub, E., Al-Mashraqi, A. A., Al-Homoud, M., Wafi, S., Zakari, A. M. W. (2018). Perception of facial, dental, and smile esthetics by dental students. J Esthet Restor Dent, 30(5), 415–426.

Althagafi, N. (2021). Esthetic Smile Perception Among Dental Students at Different Educational Levels. Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dentistry, 13, 163–172. https://doi.org/10.2147/CCIDE.S304216

Cotrim, E. R., Valadares, Á., Júnior, V., Soares, A. C., Haddad, S., Augusta, S., & Reis, B. (2015). Perception of adults’ smile esthetics among orthodontists, clinicians and laypeople. Dental Press J Orthod, 20(1), 40–44. https://doi.org/10.1590/2176-9451.20.1.040-044.oar

Dong, J. K., Jin, T. H., & Cho, H. W., O. S. (1999). The esthetics of the smile: a review of some recent studies. Int J Prosthodont., 12(1), 9–19.

Eli I, Bar-Tal Y, K. I. (2001). At first glance: social meanings of dental appearance. J Public Health Dent, 61(3), 150–154.

Flores-Mir, C., Silva, E., Barriga, M. I., Valverde, R. H., Lagravère, M. O., & Major, P. W. (2005). Laypersons’ perceptions of the esthetics of visible anterior occlusion. Journal (Canadian Dental Association), 71(11), 849. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16480599

Henson ST, Lindauer SJ, Gardner WG, Shroff B, Tufekci E, B. A. (2011). Influence of dental esthetics on social perceptions of adolescents judged by peers. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop, 140(3), 389–395.

Isiekwe, G. I., & Aikins, E. A. (2019). Self-perception of dental appearance and aesthetics in a student population. International Orthodontics, 17(3), 506–512. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ortho.2019.06.010

Meazzini, M. C., Tortora, C., Cohen, N., Mazzoleni, F., Balbo, N., Donati, V., & Autelitano, L. (2020). Comparison of the psychosocial impact on patients affected by cranio facial anomalies between traditional orthodontic brackets and aligners. International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health. https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2020-0117

Pontons-Melo, J. C., Garcia, I. M., Leitune, V. C. B. C. F. (2021). The golden proportion concept: smile makeover with an 18-month follow-up. Int J Esthet Dent, 16(2), 216–230.

Romsics, L., Segatto, A., Boa, K., Becsei, R., mi Ró zsa, N., Szá ntó, I., Nemes, J., & SegattoID, E. (2020). Dentofacial Mini- and Microesthetics as Perceived by Dental Students: A Cross-Sectional Multi-Site Study. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0230182

Saffarpour A, Ghavam M, Saffarpour A, Dayani R, F. M. (2016). Perception of Laypeople and Dental Professionals of Smile Esthetics. J Dent (Tehran), 13(2), 85–91.

Saltovic, E., Lajnert, V., Saltovic, S., Kovacevic Pavicic, D., Pavlic, A., & Spalj, S. (2018). Development and validation of a new condition-specific instrument for evaluation of smile esthetics-related quality of life. Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry, 30(2), 160–167. https://doi.org/10.1111/jerd.12362

Silva FMF, Magno MB, Neves AB, Coqueiro RS, Costa MC, Maia LC, P. M. (2020). Aesthetic perceptions and social judgments about different enamel opacities. Braz Oral Res, 34(Jun 5), 34:e049. https://doi.org/10.1590/1807-3107bor-2020.vol34.0049

Tin-Oo, M. M., Saddki, N., & Hassan, N. (2011). Factors influencing patient satisfaction with dental appearance and treatments they desire to improve aesthetics. BMC Oral Health, 11(1), 6. https://doi.org/10.1186/1472-6831-11-6

Tufekci, E., Jahangiri, A., & Lindauer, S. J. (2008). Perception of profile among laypeople, dental students and orthodontic patients. The Angle Orthodontist, 78(6), 983–987. https://doi.org/10.2319/102207-503.1

van Cruchten, C., Feijen, M. M. W., & van der Hulst, R. R. W. J. (2022). The Perception of Esthetic Importance of Craniofacial Elements. The Journal of Craniofacial Surgery, 33(1), 142–145. https://doi.org/10.1097/SCS.0000000000008122

Van der Geld, P., Oosterveld, P., Van Heck, G., & Kuijpers-Jagtman, A. M. (2007). Smile attractiveness. Self-perception and influence on personality. The Angle Orthodontist, 77(5), 759–765. https://doi.org/10.2319/082606-349

Downloads

Published

19/02/2022

How to Cite

SILVA, I. F. C. .; PASCHOAL, M. A. B.; NASCIMENTO, A. D. .; LAGO, A. D. N. Perception of social and emotional characteristics through smile. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 11, n. 3, p. e21111326326, 2022. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i3.26326. Disponível em: https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/26326. Acesso em: 19 jul. 2024.

Issue

Section

Health Sciences