Influence of anthropic activities on the functional diversity of aquatic macroinvertebrates in the Lower Rio Grande Basin




Teaching; Functional parameters; Environmental impact; Hybrid environment.


Functional diversity takes into account the differences in ecological functions that organisms perform in a community, and these can influence its structural stability. In this context, anthropic pressures significantly affect the ecosystem functions performed by organisms. In this sense, it was hypothesized that anthropic impacts directly and negatively influence the functional structure of the aquatic macroinvertebrate community in different stretches of the Uberaba River, which is a tributary of the lower Rio Grande Basin. To evaluate functional diversity, sampling was carried out in four distinct stretches and in different seasonal periods. A Non-Metric Multidimensional Scaling (NMDS) similarity analysis was performed for all sites and periods, based on a functional matrix with forty-three biotic attributes. Based on the NMDS results, niche areas were calculated. Finally, a comparative analysis of the functional parameters: Abundance, Richness, Functional Equitability, Shannon Functional Diversity, Simpson Functional Diversity and Functional Dominance between all sites and all seasonal periods was performed. The results showed that anthropic activities negatively influenced the functional diversity of the aquatic macroinvertebrate community according to its intensity.


AUTODESK. (2017). Autocad. Versão 2018. São Rafael, CA: Autodesk, In. 1 programa de computador.

Agostinho, A. A., Júlio JR., H. F. & Borghetti, J. R. (1992). Considerações sobre os impactos dos represamentos na ictiofauna e medidas para sua atenuação. Um estudo de caso: reservatório de Itaipu. Revista Unimar, 14, 89-107.

Aguiaro, T. & Caramaschi, E. P. (1998). Trophic guilds in fish assemblages in three coastal lagoons of Rio de Janeiro State (Brazil). Proceedings of the International Association of Theoretical and Applied Limnology, 26 (5), 2166-2169.

Bicudo, C. E. M. & Bicudo, D. C. (2004). Amostragem em Limnologia. (2a ed.), Rima.

BRASIL. Ministério da Saúde. Secretaria de Vigilância em Saúde. Departamento de Vigilância Epidemiológica. Vigilância e controle de moluscos de importância epidemiológica: diretrizes técnicas: Programa de Vigilância e Controle da Esquistossomose (PCE) / Ministério da Saúde, Secretaria de Vigilância em Saúde, Departamento de Vigilância Epidemiológica. In: Thiengo, S.C. & Fernadez, M. A. (2008). Moluscos. Brasília: Editora do Ministério da Saúde. cap.2, 13-35.

Brand, C. & Miserendino, M. L. (2014). Biological traits and community patterns of Trichoptera at two Patagonian headwater streams affected by volcanic ash deposition. Zoological Studies, 53 (72), 2-13. Disponível em:

Brusca, C. R., & Brusca, G. J. (2011). Invertebrados. Tradução Álvaro Esteves Migotto. (2a ed.), Guanabara Koogan.

Callisto, M. & Esteves, F. A. (1995). Distribuição da comunidade de macroinvertebrados bentônicos em um ecossistema amazônico impactado por rejeito de bauxita – Lago Batata (Pará, Brasil). Oecologia Brasiliensis, 1(1), 335-348. Disponível em:

Callisto, M., Moreno, P. & Barbosa, F. A. R. (2001). Habitat diversity and benthic functional trophic groups at Serra do Cipó, Southeast Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Biologia, 61 (2), 259-266.

Calaça, A. M. & Grelle, C.E.V. (2016). Diversidades funcional de comunidades: discussões conceituais e importantes avanços metodológicos. Oecologia Australis, 20 (4), 401-416.

Camargo, P. R. S., Souza, F. & Buranello, P. A. A. (2019). Influência de impactos antrópicos na comunidade de macroinvertebrados na bacia do baixo rio Grande. Revista em Agronegócio e Meio Ambiente, 12 (2), 643-662.

Castro, D. M. P., Dolédec, S. & Callisto, M. (2018). Land cover disturbance homogenizes aquatic insect functional structure in neotropical savana stream. Ecological Indicators, 84, 573-582.

Cesar, D. A. S. (2018). Qualidade da água e macroinvertebrados e córregos periurbanos: um estado de caso em Angatuba (SP). 115 f. Dissertação (Mestrado) Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio Mesquita Filho, Instituto de Biociências de Botucatu.

Connell, J. H. (1978). Diversity in tropical rain forests and coral reefs - high diversity of trees and corals is maintained only in a non-equilibrium state. Science, 199 (4335), 1302-1310. 10.1126/science.199.4335.1302

Costa, C., Ide, S. & Simonka, C. E. (2006). Insetos imaturos: metamorfose e identificação. Holos.

Cunico, A. M., Graça., W. J., Agostinho, A. A., Domingues, W. M., & Latini, J. D. (2009). Fish of Maringá Urban Streams, Pirapó River drainage, Upper Paraná River Basin, Paraná State, Brazil. Check list, 5 (2), 273-280.

Dalu, T., Magoro, L. M., Wasserman, R. & Froneman, H. P. (2019). River nutrient water and sediment measurements inform on nutrient retention, with implications for eutrophication. Science of Total Environment, 684, 296-302.

Dudgeonon, D. (1994). The influence of riparian vegetation on macroinvertebrate community structure and functional organization in six New Guinea streams. Hydrobiologia, 294, 65-85.

Elton, C. (1927). Animal ecology, New York: The Macmillan Company.

Elton, C. S. (1958). The Ecology of Invasions by Animals and Plants. Methuen.

Esteves, F. A. (2011). Fundamentos de limnologia. (3a ed.), Interciência.

Fernandes, A. C. P., Fernandes, L. F. S., Moura, J. P., Cortes, R. M. V. & Pacheco, F. A. L. (2019). A structural equation model to predict macroinvertebrate-base ecological status in catchments influenced by antropogenic pressures. Science of the Total Environment, 681, 242-257.

Firmiano, K. L., Castro, D. M. P., Linares, B. S. & Callisto, M. (2021). Functional responses of aquatic invertebrates to anthropogenic stressors in riparian zones of Neotropical savanna streams. Science of the Total Environment, 723, 1-10.

Grinnell, J., & Swarth, H. S. (1914). An account of the birds and mammals of the San Jacinto area of Southern California, with Remarks upon the Behavior of Geographic Racen on the Margins of their habitats. American Ornithologsits’ Union, 31 (1), 110-112.

Goswami, M., Bhattacharyya, P., Mukheree, I., & Tribedi, P. (2017). Functional Diversity: An Important Measure of Ecosystem Functioning. Scientific Research Publishung, 7, 82-93. Doi: 10.4236/aim.2017.71007

Hammer, O., Harper, D. A. T. & Ryan, P. D. Past. (2021). Paleontological Statistic software package for education and data analysis. Paleontologia Electronica, 4, (1), 9.

Hamada, N., Nessimian, J. L. & Querino, R. B. (2014). Insetos aquáticos na amazônia brasileira: taxonomia, biologia e ecologia. Manaus: Editora do INPA.

Hussain, Q., A. & Pandit. A. K. (2012). Global amphibian declines: a review. International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation, 4, 348-357.

Kovalenko, K. E., Brady, V. J., Ciborowski, J. J.H., Llyushkin, S. & Johnson, L. B. (2014). Functional changes in Littoral Macroinvertebrate Communities in Response to Watershed-Level Antropogenic Stress. Plos one, 9 (7), 1-7.

Lavorel, S., Mcintyre, S., Landsberg, J. & Forbes, D. (1997). Plant functional classifications: from general groups to specific groups based on response to disturbance. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 12 (12), 474-478.

Ligeiro, R., Moretti, M. S., Gonçalves JR. J. F. G. & Callisto, M. (2010). What is more importance for invertebrate colonization in a stream with low-quality litter inputs: Exposure time or lead species? Hydrobiologia, 654 (1), 125-136.

Linares, M. S., Callisto, M. & Marques, J. C. (2018). Compliance of secondary production and eco-exergy as indicators of benthic macroinvertebrates assemblages' response to canopy cover conditions in Neotropical headwater streams. Science Of The Total Environment, 613-614, 1543-1550.

Mcallister, D. E., Hamilton, A. L. & Harvey, B. (1997). Global freshwater biodiversity: striving for the integrity of freshwater ecosystems. Sea Wind, 11(3), 1-142.

Marques, M. M., Barbosa, F. A. R. & Callisto, M. (1999). Distribution and abundance of Chironomidae (Diptera, Insecta) in an impacted watershed in southeast Brazil. Brazilian Journal of Biology, 59 (4), 553-561.

Mangadze, T., Wasserman, R. J., Froneman, P. W. & Dalu, T. (2019). Macroinvertebrate functional feeding group alterations in response to habitat degradation of headwater Austral streams. Science of Total Environment, 695, 2-9.

MICROSOFT EXCEL. (2009). Versão 2010. Santa Rosa, Itautec SA, Inc. programa de computador.

Moreno, P. & Callisto, M. (2006). Benthic macroinvertebrates in the watershed of an urban reservoir in southeastern Brazil. Hydrobiologia, 560, 311-321.

Mouchet, A. A., Vilèger, S., Mason, N. W. H. & Mouillot, D. (2010). Functional diversity measures and their ability to discriminate community assembly rules. British Ecological Society, 24, 867-876.

Mugnai, R., Nessimian, J. L. & Baptista, D. F. (2010). Manual de identificação de macroinvertebrados aquáticos do Estado do Rio de Janeiro. Rio de Janeiro: Technical Books.

Ndiritu, G. G., Gichuki, N. N. & Triest, L. (2006). Distribution of epilithic diatoms in response in environmental conditions in an urban tropical stream, Central Kenya. Biodiversity and Conservation, 15 (10), 3267-3293.

Nogueira, M. G., Henry, R. & Jorcin. (2007). Ecologia de reservatórios: impactos potenciais, ações de manejo e sistemas em cascata. Rima.

Rafael, J. A., Melo, G. A. R., Carvalho, C. J. B. de.; Casari, S. A. & Constantino, R. (2012). Insetos do Brasil: Diversidade e Taxonomia. Holos.

Ricklefs, R. E. (2011). A economia da natureza. (6a ed.), Guanabara Koogam.

Root, R. B. (1967). The niche exploitation pattern of the blue–gray gnatcatcher. Ecological Society of America, 37 (4), 317-350.

Ruppert, E. E., Fox, R. S. & Barnes, R. D. (2005). Zoologia dos Invertebrados. (7a ed.), Editora Roca.

Statsoft. (2005). Inc. Statistic (data analysis software system), version 7.1.

Statzner, B., Bady, P., Doledec, S. & Scholl, F. (2005). Invertebrates traits for the biomonitoring of large European rivers: An initial assessment of trait patterns in least impacted river reaches. Freshwater Biology, 50 (12), 2136-2161.

Schemera, D., Podani, J., Heino. J., Eros. T. & POFF, N. L. (2015). A proposed unified terminology of species traits in stream ecology. Freshwater Science, 34 (3), 823-830. Disponível em:

Souza, F., Santos, C. J., Tramonte, R. P. & KLEPKA, V. (2014). Estrutura da comunidade de macroinvertebrados em três córregos na bacia do alto rio Paraná: uma relação entre qualidade ambiental e parâmetros ecológicos. Revista em Agronegócio e Meio Ambiente, 7 (2), 413-427.

Souza, F., Leitão, M. L. C., Rocha, B. G. A., Hiroki, K. A. N. & Pelli, A. (2016). Estrutura ictiofaunística do Rio Uberaba: a influência dos barramentos na dinâmica ecológica das comunidades de peixes. Biota Amazônia, 6 (4), 87-93.

Tilmam, D. (2001). Functional Diversity. Cambridge: Enciclopedia of Biodiversity, Saint Paul, MN, 3, 109-120.

Tundisi, J.G. (1985). Represas artificiais: perspectivas para o controle e manejo da qualidade da água para usos múltiplos. Anais do V simpósio brasileiro de hidrologia e recursos hídricos, São Paulo: ABRH, 4, 38-59.

Tundisi, J.G., Bicudo. C. E. M., & Matsumura-Tundisi, T. (1995). Limnology in Brazil, In: henry, R.; tundisi, J. G. The Thermal Structure of some Lakes and Reservoirs in Brasil. Rio de Janeiro: ABC/SBL, 350-363.

Vasco, A. N., Oliveira, A. V. S., Feitosa, G. A., Piozevan, T. G. A., Alves, A. E. O. & Dantas, J. O. (2021). Impacts of dam construction on the macroinvertebrate community in the Poxin-Açú, in a tropical region. Rev. Ambiente e Água, 16 (6), 1-11.

Ward, J. V. & Stanford, J. A. (1983). The serial discontinuity concept in lotic ecosystems. In: Fontaine, T. D., Barthell, S. M. Dynamics of Lotic Ecosystems. Michigan: Ann Arbor Science, 29-42.

Wallace, J. B. & Webster, J. R. (1996). The role of Macroinvertebrates in Stream Ecosystem Function. Annual Review Entomology, 41, 115-139.



How to Cite

CAMARGO, P. R. da S. .; SOUZA, F. de .; SILVA, R. G. da . Influence of anthropic activities on the functional diversity of aquatic macroinvertebrates in the Lower Rio Grande Basin. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 11, n. 6, p. e12011628964, 2022. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i6.28964. Disponível em: Acesso em: 18 may. 2022.



Agrarian and Biological Sciences