Profile of Huntington’s Disease patients in Brazil

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v11i7.29565

Keywords:

Huntington's Disease; Epidemiology; Brazil.

Abstract

Huntington's Disease is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder of genetic and autosomal dominant origin. In Brazil, there are no official data on the prevalence of Huntington's Disease, which can lead to difficulties in its diagnosis and in the multidisciplinary follow-up of the patient, so the objective of this study is to describe the profile of Huntington's Disease carriers in Brazil presenting difficulties for diagnosis and treatment of symptoms. The research was carried out by filling out an online questionnaire, using the Google Forms tool, by people with Huntington's Disease, family members or caregivers. We obtained 80 research participants, 55 female and 24 male. Most of them, 43.80%, are not aware of the amount of repetitions of the CAG nucleotides and 40% have 40 to 55 repetitions, which are related to the intensity of symptoms and age of onset. The most frequent initial symptoms were motor, present in 41.3% of the individuals, followed by 22.5% psychiatric, 27.5% had motor and psychiatric disorders, 3.8% cognitive and motor, 2.5% only of cognitive and 1.3% psychiatric and cognitive. Most users, both from the private health network and from the Unified Health System, are dissatisfied with the services offered to treat the symptoms of this disease. There is a need for greater dissemination of Huntington's Disease in the country in order to make molecular diagnosis accessible and multidisciplinary follow-up possible, thus improving the quality of life of patients.

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Published

15/05/2022

How to Cite

CARIMAN, M. O. R. .; SESTI, L. F. C. . Profile of Huntington’s Disease patients in Brazil . Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 11, n. 7, p. e6511729565, 2022. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i7.29565. Disponível em: https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/29565. Acesso em: 7 jul. 2022.

Issue

Section

Health Sciences