The impact of COVID-19 on hospitalizations for pneumonia in school and preschool children




Child; COVID-19; Preschool; Pneumonia; SARS-CoV-2.


Pneumonia, an infectious disease of the lower airways, is among the three main causes of infant morbidity and mortality in developing countries. In Brazil, in 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic broke out, with changes in the pattern of pneumonia notifications in school-age and preschool-age patients in the same period being observed, thus, the research aims to investigate this change. This study was carried out based on the SUS Hospital Information System, on the DATASUS platform, and sought to analyze the impact of COVID 19 on hospitalizations for pneumonia in children aged 1 to 9 years, with emphasis on data recorded between 2019 and 2021. According to the results of this research, there is a noticeable trend for a decrease in hospitalizations for pneumonia in these patients from 2019 to 2020, as well as an increase in these numbers from 2020 to 2021. The brown skin color prevailed among children reported for pneumonia, and the elective nature of urgency was the predominant type of care. The southern region of Brazil was the area of ​​greatest proportional relevance. Data analysis allows the conclusion that there may be a direct association between the outbreak of the COVID 19 pandemic in Brazil and the changes in pneumonia records in pediatric patients during the corresponding years, although there is no consensus on the explanation for this causal relationship between the research addressed during the study.


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How to Cite

QUEIROZ, S. P. de; ESPÍNDOLA, L. P. .; NOGUEIRA, B. D. M.; CARVALHO, H. O. .; CARTAXO, H. B. . The impact of COVID-19 on hospitalizations for pneumonia in school and preschool children. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 11, n. 7, p. e49511730231, 2022. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i7.30231. Disponível em: Acesso em: 6 jul. 2022.



Health Sciences