Profile of Inflammatory Bowel Disease at reference service in gastropediatrics in Brazil Northeast

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v11i9.31563

Keywords:

Pediatrics; Colitis; Crohn Disease.

Abstract

Objective: To report the profile of patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease followed up at a pediatric gastroenterology service in Brazil Northeast. Methodology: Series of cases through the active search of medical records from April to November 2020, with inclusion criteria the regular follow-up at the Gastropediatrics service and non-inclusion criteria the incomplete medical records (without clinical, laboratory, endoscopic and/or histopathological criteria of Inflammatory Bowel Disease), with a final sample of 22 participants. Results: Most were male (63.6%), had Ulcerative Colitis (59.1%) and came from the capital (63.6%). The main symptoms were: diarrhea with blood (63.6%), abdominal pain (27.3%) and diarrhea without blood (9%). Fecal Calprotectin was elevated (88.9%) and anemia was present (77.3%). Most were eutrophic (59.1%). Corticosteroids (72.7%) and Mesalazine (27.3%) were used in the remission phase, while Azathioprine (18.2%) and immunobiologicals (36.6%) in the follow-up. Conclusion: More studies on this topic are still expected, as well as trained professionals and effective health services are needed to receive precociously and to forward in long-term these patients to improve their quality of life and impact positively of the disease’s evolution.

Author Biographies

Aline Maria de Lemos Araujo, Universidade Federal do Maranhão

Médica pela Universidade Federal do Maranhão (UFMA)

Cláudia Regina Nunes Eloi da Luz, Universidade Federal do Maranhão

Doutora e Gastropediatra pela Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP) e Docente do Curso de Medicina da Universidade Federal do Maranhão (UFMA).

Leandro Saldanha Nunes Mouzinho, Universidade Federal do Maranhão

Enfermeiro e psicólogo; mestre em Saúde Coletiva; docente do Curso de Enfermagem da Universidade Federal do Maranhão (UFMA) e da Faculdade Santa Terezinha (CEST)

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Published

06/07/2022

How to Cite

ARAUJO, A. M. de L.; LUZ, C. R. N. E. da; MOUZINHO, L. S. N. Profile of Inflammatory Bowel Disease at reference service in gastropediatrics in Brazil Northeast. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 11, n. 9, p. e16311931563, 2022. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i9.31563. Disponível em: https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/31563. Acesso em: 13 aug. 2022.

Issue

Section

Health Sciences