Chlamydia trachomatis infection and complications reproductives in women: a systematic review




Pelvic inflammatory disease; Chlamydia trachomatis; Infertility; Women; Genital tract.


Chlamydia trachomatis is the most common sexually transmitted bacterium in the world. It is an obligate intracellular pathogen, with serotypes D and K1 responsible for infections in the genital tract. C. trachomatis mainly affects young adults and is defined as behavior younger than 25 years. The infection is asymptomatic in about 77% of women and 68% of men, which makes early diagnosis and treatment difficult. When undiagnosed and untreated, trachomatis can ignite the lower genital tract and reach the uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries, resulting in pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). PID is associated with tubal factor infertility, ectopic pregnancy, intrauterine fetal death, miscarriage, and stillbirth. The objective of this work was to verify the scientific investigations related to the association between trachoma infection, female infertility and consequences on women's health. This is a descriptive, qualitative, bibliographic review study. For research, PubMed/Med platforms were used and articles published in the last ten years were published The review was performed according to the PRISMA recommendation (Key Items for Reporting Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis) and using the Joana Briggs Institute Appraisal Tools (JBI) tool to eliminate the risk of bias. The following keywords were used “Chlamydia trachomatis”, “infertility” and “female”. The studies presented emphasize the impact of C. trachomatis on the female genital tract and the need for safe and rapid medical interventions.


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How to Cite

SALDANHA, R. de C. O. .; NATÁRIO, J. A. A. .; BARROS, L. A. S. .; MILKI, M. V.; RIBEIRO, A. A. . Chlamydia trachomatis infection and complications reproductives in women: a systematic review. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 11, n. 9, p. e19011931631, 2022. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i9.31631. Disponível em: Acesso em: 10 aug. 2022.



Health Sciences