Trans-anethole, the major constituent of the essential oil of anise, improves the antiarthritic effects of methotrexate in rats




Natural product; Inflammation; Arthritis; Oxidative stress.


The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of trans-anethole in combination with methotrexate, compared to monotherapy with trans-anethole or methotrexate, on inflammatory parameters and oxidative stress of arthritic rats. The experimental model of arthritis induced by Freund's complete adjuvant (AIA) in rats was used. Treatment with trans-anethole and methotrexate, in combination or monotherapy, was started on the day of AIA induction and continued for 21 days. The association of anethole (62.5 mg/Kg) to methotrexate (6 mg/Kg) therapy was able to further reduce both the oxidative stress induced by arthritis and the inflammatory events that characterize the disease, as demonstrated by the following indicators: 1) decrease in the edema of the hind legs, in the score of secondary lesions, in the recruitment of leukocytes to the articular cavity and in the plasma myeloperoxidase activity; 2) increase in plasma content of reduced thiols and total antioxidant capacity; 3) diminution of protein carbonylation in plasma, liver and kidneys; 4) decrease in lipid peroxidation in the liver; 5) reduction in the hepatic ROS content; 6) enhancement of the activity of the antioxidant enzymes and GSH/GSSG ratio. In general, the combination anethole + methotrexate presented a substantially higher effect than the monotherapy with anethole or methotrexate (at the same doses). The data obtained in this work allow us to conclude that the use of trans-anethole in combination with methotrexate suppressed arthritic progression in rats, with the main advantage of reduction of methotrexate dose, attenuating adverse effects caused by high dose therapy.


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How to Cite

BONETTI, C. I. .; MOREIRA , J. J. da S. .; ROCHA, E. M. T. da .; MOREIRA, E. S. .; COMAR, J. F. .; SÁ-NAKANISHI, A. B. de .; BRACHT, A. .; BERSANI-AMADO, C. A. .; BRACHT, L. . Trans-anethole, the major constituent of the essential oil of anise, improves the antiarthritic effects of methotrexate in rats. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 11, n. 10, p. e197111032582, 2022. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i10.32582. Disponível em: Acesso em: 2 oct. 2022.



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