Prosthesis and oral hygiene of complete dental prosthesis users in Brazil: an integrative literature review




Oral hygiene; Complete Prosthesis; Oral health; Geriatric dentistry.


Aim: To perform an integrative analysis of the most up to date scientific literature on attitudes towards dental prosthesis hygiene and oral hygiene in the elderly who use complete dentures in Brazil. Methodology: The bibliographic search was carried through the Scientific Electronic Library Online - SciELO and Google Scholar databases, using the following two combined controlled descriptors "oral hygiene", "complete prosthesis", "oral health", "geriatric dentistry" with the operator Boolean “AND”. Peer-reviewed research articles were included. The Cochrane Handbook guidelines were followed, when applicable. Results: The research resulted in finding 21 articles, of which 15 were excluded. The integrative review was structured with 6 articles for data extraction and critical and descriptive evaluation. Conclusion: The studies in this review suggested that elderly Brazilians have many oral health problems and a low level of knowledge about oral and prosthesis hygiene. An important gap in practical research was identified in the literature, with regard to oral care in elderly populations using complete dentures.

Author Biography

Jéssica Isadora Farias Ribeiro, Faculdade Independente do Nordeste



Amaral, C. O. F., Belon, L. M. R., Silva, E. A., Nadai, A., Amaral Filho, M. S. P., & Straioto, F. G. (2018) The importance of hospital dentistry: oral health status in hospitalized patients. Revista Gaúcha de Odontologia, 66 (1), 35-41. doi:

BRASIL. Ministério da Saúde (MS). Projeto SB Brasil 2010: condições de saúde bucal da população brasileira 2010-2011. Resultados principais. Brasília: MS; 2011. Disponível em: Acesso em: 20 de agosto de 2019.

Chan, A. K. Y., Tamrakar, M., Jiang, C. M., Lo, E. C. M., Leung, K. C. M., & Chu, C. H. (2021). Common Medical and Dental Problems of Older Adults: A Narrative Review. Geriatrics, 6 (3), 76. doi:

Gomes, R. F. T., & Castelo, E.F. (2019). Hospital dentistry and the occurrence of pneumonia. Revista Gaúcha de Odontologia, 67, e20190016. doi:

Higgins, J. P. T., Thomas, J., Chandler, J., Cumpston, M., Li, T., Page, M. J., & Welch, V. A. (Editors). (2019). Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions version 6.0 (updated July 2019). John Wiley & Sons. Available from

Lages, V. A., Dutra, T. T. B., Lima, A. N. A. N., Mendes, R. F., & Prado Júnior, R.R. (2017). The impact of hospitalization on periodontal health status: an observational study. Revista Gaúcha de Odontologia, 65 (3), 216-222. doi:

Lago, J. D., Fais, L. M. G., Montandon, A. A. B., & Pinelli, L. A. P. (2017). Educational program in oral health for caregivers on the oral hygiene of dependent elders. Revista de Odontologia da UNESP, 46 (5), 284-291. doi:

Marra, J., Perez, L. E. C., Henriques, T. E., Pinheiro, M. T., & Castro, F. L. A. (2017). Correlation between the level of instructions and the quality of hygiene of complete denture wearers with presence of denture stomatitis. Revista Odontológica do Brasil Central, 26 (76), 15-20.

Nóbrega, D. R. M, Lucena, A. G., Medeiros, L. A. D. M, Farias, T. S. S., Meira, K. R. S., & Mahon, S. M. O. D. (2016) Assessment of behaviour and hygiene habits of removable denture wearers. Revista Brasileira de Odontologia, 73 (3), 193-197. doi:

Pauli, T. P., Figueiredo, D.R., Barbosa, A. R., Castro, R. G., & Mello, A. L. S. F. (2018). Oral health of the elderly with 80 years or more: condition, self-perception and use of dental services. Revista de Odontologia da UNESP, 47 (5), 291-297. doi:

Peron, D., Muniz, F. W. M. G., Colaço, J., Marostega, M. G., Dias, J. J., Rösing, C. K., & Colussi, P. R. G. (2022). Use and need of dental prosthesis among community dwelling elderly: a cross-sectional population-based study. Cadernos Saúde Coletiva, (AHEAD). doi:

Rovida, T. A. S., Moimaz, S. A. S., Garbin, C. A. S., Dias, I. A., & Saliba, N. A. (2016). Process contribution teaching and learning in the qualification of human resources in the oral health of elderly care. Interagir: pensando a extensão, (22), 78-94. doi: 10.12957/interag.2016.25208

Sá, I. P. C., Sá, S. P. C., & Oliveira Filho, V.C. (2019). Comparative evaluation of oral conditions of the elderly: actions for the care and self-care. Revista Kairós: Gerontologia, 22 (3), 85-98. doi: 10.23925/2176-901X.2019v22i3p85-98

Souza, J. G. S., Oliveira B. E. C. & Martins, A. M. E. D. B. L. (2017). Contextual and individual determinants of oral health-related qualify of life in older Brazilians. Quality of Life Research, 26 (5), 1295-1302. doi: 10.1007/s11136-016-1447-7

Souza, L. F. F., Silva, L. E., & Scelza Neto, P. (2019). Protocol for the evaluation of chewing among older adults. Revista Brasileira de Geriatria e Gerontologia, 22 (5), e190045. doi: 10.1590/1981-22562019022.190045

Tavares, D. G. M., Marques, L. A. R. V., Neto, E. M. R., Silva, P. G. B., & Fiallos, A. C. M. (2016). Assessment of mouth hygiene habits and the satisfaction of removable partial denture. Saúde e Pesquisa, 9 (2), 317-323. doi:

Techapiroontong, S., Limpuangthip, N., Tumrasvin, W., & Sirotamarat, J. (2022). The impact of poor dental status and removable dental prosthesis quality on body composition, masticatory performance and oral health-related quality of life: a cross-sectional study in older adults. BMC Oral Health, 22 (1), 1-8. doi:

Trentin, L. M., Reginato, V. F., Maroli, A., Borges, M. T. R., Spazzin, A. O., & Bacchi, A. (2016). Determination of occlusion vertical dimension for complete dentures: literature review and clinical case report. J Oral Invest, 5 (1), 50-60. doi:

Tuuliainen, E., Nihtilä, A., Komulainen, K., Nykänen, I., Hartikainen, S., Tiihonen, M., & Suominen, A. L. (2020). The association of frailty with oral cleaning habits and oral hygiene among elderly home care clients. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, 34 (4), 938-947. doi:




How to Cite

RIBEIRO, J. I. F.; CARVALHO, M. T. de .; PINTO, A. C. S.; MANIA, T. V.; CORREIA, K. V. D. Prosthesis and oral hygiene of complete dental prosthesis users in Brazil: an integrative literature review . Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 11, n. 10, p. e139111032701, 2022. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i10.32701. Disponível em: Acesso em: 4 oct. 2022.



Health Sciences