Bruxism in children current landscape: literature review




Bruxism; Nocturnal bruxism; Bruxism in children; Waking bruxism; Bruxism treatment.


In 2017, in an international consensus with experts in bruxism worldwide, bruxism was defined as a "repetitive activity of the jaw muscles characterized by clenching or grinding of the teeth and/or clenching or thrusting of the jaw". It was observed different characteristics while sleeping and vigil respectively. As different characteristics were observed during sleep and waking bruxism, sequentially, it is recommended to "withdraw" the single definition of bruxism in favor of two separate definitions. In this way, the objective of this article is to reflect the current view of bruxism to establish an adequate diagnostic as well as an optimal treatment based on the results obtained. This is descriptive research that includes a total of 25 articles. No significant differences have been found regarding gender, it is considered more a sign of a disease than a disorder and can present itself as a risk factor or as a protective factor; of multifactorial etiology. It is concluded that the treatment is focused depending on the etiological factor from a psychological approach to a surgical treatment, discarding preconceived ideas that may tend to overestimate the true scope of the particularities of bruxism.


Berger, M., Szalewski, L., Szkutnik, J., Ginszt, M., & Ginszt, A. (2017). Different association between specific manifestations of bruxism and temporomandibular disorder pain. Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska, 51(1), 7–11.

Bulanda, S., Ilczuk-Rypuła, D., Nitecka-Buchta, A., Nowak, Z., Baron, S., & Postek-Stefańska, L. (2021). Sleep bruxism in children: Etiology, diagnosis and treatment—a literature review. In International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (Vol. 18, Issue 18). MDPI.

Calvano Küchler, E., Arid, J., Palinkas, M., Ayumi Omori, M., de Lara, R. M., Napolitano Gonçalves, L. M., Hallak Regalo, S. C., Paes Torres Mantovani, C., Rezende Vieira, A., & Diaz-Serrano, K. (2020). Genetic polymorphisms in ACTN3 contribute to the etiology of bruxism in children. Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry, 44(3), 180–184.

Camoin, A., Tardieu, C., Blanchet, I., & Orthlieb, J. D. (2017). Sleep bruxism in children. In Archives de Pediatrie (Vol. 24, Issue 7, pp. 659–666). Elsevier Masson SAS.

Chisini, L. A., San Martin, A. S., Cademartori, M. G., Boscato, N., Correa, M. B., & Goettems, M. L. (2020). Interventions to reduce bruxism in children and adolescents: a systematic scoping review and critical reflection. In European Journal of Pediatrics (Vol. 179, Issue 2, pp. 177–189). Springer.

Goettems, M. L., Poletto-Neto, V., Shqair, A. Q., Pinheiro, R. T., & Demarco, F. F. (2017). Influence of maternal psychological traits on sleep bruxism in children. International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry, 27(6), 469–475.

Guo, H., Wang, T., Niu, X., Wang, H., Yang, W., Qiu, J., & Yang, L. (2018). The risk factors related to bruxism in children: A systematic review and meta-analysis. In Archives of Oral Biology (Vol. 86, pp. 18–34). Elsevier Ltd.

Ierardo, G., Mazur, M., Luzzi, V., Calcagnile, F., Ottolenghi, L., & Polimeni, A. (2021). Treatments of sleep bruxism in children: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Cranio - Journal of Craniomandibular Practice, 39(1), 58–64.

Kuhn, M., Türp, J. C., Türp, J. C., Myoarthropathien, M. A. A., & Orofazialer Schmerz, /. (2018). Risk factors for bruxism. In SWISS DENTAL JOURNAL SSO (Vol. 128).

Lamenha Lins, R. M., Cavalcanti Campêlo, M. C., Figueiredo, L. M., Heimer, M. V., & dos Santos-Junior, V. E. (2020). Probable sleep bruxism in children and its relationship with harmful oral habits, type of crossbite and oral breathing. Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry, 44(1), 66–69.

Lobbezoo, F., Ahlberg, J., Raphael, K. G., Wetselaar, P., Glaros, A. G., Kato, T., Santiago, V., Winocur, E., de Laat, A., de Leeuw, R., Koyano, K., Lavigne, G. J., Svensson, P., & Manfredini, D. (2018). International consensus on the assessment of bruxism: Report of a work in progress. In Journal of Oral Rehabilitation (Vol. 45, Issue 11, pp. 837–844). Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Luconi, E., Togni, L., Mascitti, M., Tesei, A., Nori, A., Barlattani, A., Procaccini, M., & Santarelli, A. (2021). Bruxism in children and adolescents with down syndrome: A comprehensive review. In Medicina (Lithuania) (Vol. 57, Issue 3, pp. 1–10). MDPI AG.

Luis Gabriel, L., Melissa, V., Johana, R., & Efrain, L. (2020). Bruxism Management: A Comprehensive Review. Clinical Medical Reviews and Case Reports, 7(8).

Mayer, P., Heinzer, R., & Lavigne, G. (2016). Sleep bruxism in respiratory medicine practice. In Chest (Vol. 149, Issue 1, pp. 262–271). American College of Chest Physicians.

Poojary, B., Kanathila, H., Pangi, A., & Doddamani, M. (2018). Diagnosis and treatment of bruxism: Concepts from past to present. International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences, 4(1), 290–295.

Restrepo, C., Manfredini, D., Castrillon, E., Svensson, P., Santamaria, A., Alvarez, C., Manrique, R., & Lobbezoo, F. (2017). Diagnostic accuracy of the use of parental-reported sleep bruxism in a polysomnographic study in children. International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry, 27(5), 318–325.

Restrepo, C., Manfredini, D., & Lobbezoo, F. (2017). Sleep behaviors in children with different frequencies of parental-reported sleep bruxism. Journal of Dentistry, 66, 83–90.

Restrepo, C., Manfredini, D., Manrique, R., & Lobbezoo, F. (2017). Association of dietary habits and parental-reported sleep tooth grinding with tooth wear in children with mixed dentition. BMC Oral Health, 17(1).

Restrepo, C., Ortiz, A. M., Henao, A. C., & Manrique, R. (2021). Association between psychological factors and temporomandibular disorders in adolescents of rural and urban zones. BMC Oral Health, 21(1).

Restrepo, C., Santamaría, A., & Manrique, R. (2021). Sleep bruxism in children: relationship with screen-time and sugar consumption. Sleep Medicine: X, 3.

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Serra-Negra, J. M., Ribeiro, M. B., Prado, I. M., Paiva, S. M., & Pordeus, I. A. (2017). Association between possible sleep bruxism and sleep characteristics in children. Cranio - Journal of Craniomandibular Practice, 35(5), 315–320.

Smardz, J., Martynowicz, H., Wojakowska, A., Michalek-Zrabkowska, M., Mazur, G., & Wieckiewicz, M. (2019). Correlation between sleep bruxism, stress, and depression—a polysomnographic study. Journal of Clinical Medicine, 8(9).

Soares, J. P., Giacomin, A., Cardoso, M., Serra-Negra, J. M., & Bolan, M. (2020). Association of gender, oral habits, and poor sleep quality with possible sleep bruxism in schoolchildren. Brazilian Oral Research, 34.

Suguna, S., & Gurunathan, D. (2020). Quality of life of children with sleep bruxism. Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care, 9(1), 332.

Vieira, A. R., Scariot, R., Gerber, J. T., Arid, J., Küchler, E. C., Sebastiani, A. M., Palinkas, M., Díaz-Serrano, K. v., Torres, C. P., Regalo, S. C. H., Nelson-Filho, P., Bussaneli, D. G., Deeley, K., & Modesto, A. (2020). Bruxism throughout the lifespan and variants in MMP2, MMP9 and COMT. Journal of Personalized Medicine, 10(2).



How to Cite

INGA MOROCHO, H. A. .; CÁRDENAS VIDAL, F. de L. . Bruxism in children current landscape: literature review. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 11, n. 10, p. e581111033109, 2022. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i10.33109. Disponível em: Acesso em: 3 oct. 2022.



Health Sciences