Reliability of two-dimensional kinematic measurement of the overhead deep squat movement by photogrammetry: A new way of analyzing joint mobility limitations

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v11i11.33373

Keywords:

Assessment; Flexibility; Photogrammetry.

Abstract

The objective was to determine the reliability of the angular measurement (RAM) of deep overhead squat (OHS) evaluated by the photogrammetry technique, determining its intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC), as well as the respective absolute and relative typical error (ETM) of the measurement. 20 physically active elderly individuals performed 2 visits. In the first meeting, the anthropometric assessment and familiarization with the OHS movement with the hands above the head were performed. On the second visit, participants performed two consecutive runs of the OHS movement with their hands above their heads, where they held a stick. The measurements were repeated on the same visit. All the elderly were filmed by a camera with a capacity of 200 frames per second. Internal consistency was performed using photogrammetry, together with the Kinóvea® software for two-dimensional angular analysis. RAM was determined from a CCI, as well as absolute and relative ETM. The CCI analyzes showed an excellent association between the first measurement and the second measurement of angular parameters in the OHS movement. The ETM showed low relative values ​​of measurement variation (1.7 to 4.2%), except for the hip measurement, in which it presented ±10% variations. To confirm the absence of differences, a dependent t test was used, suggesting agreement between measurements (p > 0.05). The OHS RAM for most of the investigated joints showed excellent ICC, as well as low absolute and relative ETM of angular kinematics. The hip RAM measurement varied widely, but without significant differences between the first and second measurements.

Author Biography

Alberto Souza Sá Filho, Universidade Evangélica de Goiás; Universidade Paulista

Profissional de Educação Física graduado em 2006. Mestre obtido em 2009 na linha de pesquisa Atividade Física e Desempenho Aeróbico pela Universidade Gama Filho (Bolsa CNPQ - 131248 / 2009-0 - Capes 5 Conceito). Mestre em Ciências da Atividade Física com ênfase na Biodinâmica do exercício concluído em 2017. Doutor em Saúde Mental pela Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (Conceito Capes 5), onde foi bolsista da CAPES desenvolvendo projetos na linha de pesquisa sobre a influência do exercício aeróbio intervalado nas respostas afetivas, humor, bem como nas alterações agudas da função autonômica em pacientes com transtornos bipolares e saudáveis. Doutoramento em curso na Universidade da Beira Interior (Portugal) em Ciências do Desporto. Coordenou o Curso de Graduação em Educação Física da Faculdade Unida de Campinas (FacUnicamps) localizada na cidade de Goiânia, onde também ministrava disciplinas da área de fisiologia, avaliação e envelhecimento. Foi também Master Trainer pela Bodytech Company College nas áreas de treinamento cardiorrespiratório e neuromuscular, ministrando aulas teóricas e práticas em todo o Brasil. Atualmente sua missão principal é atuar como pesquisador permanente junto ao Programa de Pós-Graduação do Universidade Evangélica de Goiás (UniEvangelica), produzindo evidências na área de promoção da saúde física, mental e performance.

References

ACSM. (2021). ACSM’s Guidelines for Exercise Testing and Prescription 11th Edition.

Arteaga, R., Dorado, C., Chavarren, J., & Calbet, J. A. (2000). Reliability of jumping performance in active men and women under different stretch loading conditions. J Sports Med Phys Fitness, 40(1), 26-34.

Atkinson, G., & Nevill, A. M. (1998). Statistical methods for assessing measurement error (reliability) in variables relevant to sports medicine. Sports Med, 26(4), 217-238. doi:10.2165/00007256-199826040-00002

Batista, L. H., Vilar, A. C., de Almeida Ferreira, J. J., Rebelatto, J. R., & Salvini, T. F. (2009). Active stretching improves flexibility, joint torque, and functional mobility in older women. Am J Phys Med Rehabil, 88(10), 815-822. doi:10.1097/PHM.0b013e3181b72149

Bautista, D., Durke, D., Cotter, J. A., Escobar, K. A., & Schick, E. E. (2020). A Comparison of Muscle Activation Among the Front Squat, Overhead Squat, Back Extension and Plank. Int J Exerc Sci, 13(1), 714-722.

Beier, Z., Earp, I., & Korak, J. A. (2019). Self-Myofascial Release Does Not Improve Back Squat Range of Motion, Alter Muscle Activation, or Aid in Perceived Recovery 24-Hours Following Lower Body Resistance Training. Int J Exerc Sci, 12(3), 839-846.

César, E. P., Gomes, P. S., Marques, C. L., Domingos, B., & Santos, T. M. (2012). Intra-rater reliability of knee flexion and extension range of motion measurement through the photogrammetry method. Fisioter. Pesqui, 19(1), 32-38.

Clark, M. A., Lucett, S. C., & Sutton, B. G. (2011). NASM Essentials of Personal Fitness Training Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Claudino, J. G., Gabbett, T. J., Bourgeois, F., Souza, H. S., Miranda, R. C., Mezencio, B., . . . Serrao, J. C. (2018). CrossFit Overview: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Sports Med Open, 4(1), 11. doi:10.1186/s40798-018-0124-5

Cook, G., Burton, L., Hoogenboom, B. J., & Voight, M. (2014a). Functional movement screening: the use of fundamental movements as an assessment of function-part 2. Int J Sports Phys Ther, 9(4), 549-563.

Cook, G., Burton, L., Hoogenboom, B. J., & Voight, M. (2014b). Functional movement screening: the use of fundamental movements as an assessment of function - part 1. Int J Sports Phys Ther, 9(3), 396-409.

D.H, I., Bevilaqua-Grossi, D., Oliveira, A. S., Castro, F. A., & Salgado, H. S. (2009). Comparative analysis between visual and computerized photogrammetry postural assessment. Rev Bras Fisioter, 13(4), 308-315.

Fernandez-Gonzalez, P., Koutsou, A., Cuesta-Gomez, A., Carratala-Tejada, M., Miangolarra-Page, J. C., & Molina-Rueda, F. (2020). Reliability of Kinovea((R)) Software and Agreement with a Three-Dimensional Motion System for Gait Analysis in Healthy Subjects. Sensors (Basel), 20(11). doi:10.3390/s20113154

Hakkinen, A., Salo, P., Tarvainen, U., Wiren, K., & Ylinen, J. (2007). Effect of manual therapy and stretching on neck muscle strength and mobility in chronic neck pain. J Rehabil Med, 39(7), 575-579. doi:10.2340/16501977-0094

Hopkins, W. G., Schabort, E. J., & Hawley, J. A. (2001). Reliability of power in physical performance tests. Sports Med, 31(3), 211-234. doi:10.2165/00007256-200131030-00005

Jackson, A. S., & Pollock, M. L. (1978). Generalized equations for predicting body density of men. Br J Nutr, 40(3), 497-504. doi:10.1079/bjn19780152

Jackson, A. S., Pollock, M. L., & Ward, A. (1980). Generalized equations for predicting body density of women. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 12(3), 175-181.

Medeiros, D. M., Cini, A., Sbruzzi, G., & Lima, C. S. (2016). Influence of static stretching on hamstring flexibility in healthy young adults: Systematic review and meta-analysis. Physiother Theory Pract, 32(6), 438-445. doi:10.1080/09593985.2016.1204401

Post, E. G., Olson, M., Trigsted, S., Hetzel, S., & Bell, D. R. (2017). The Reliability and Discriminative Ability of the Overhead Squat Test for Observational Screening of Medial Knee Displacement. J Sport Rehabil, 26(1). doi:10.1123/jsr.2015-0178

Pueo, B., Penichet-Tomas, A., & Jimenez-Olmedo, J. M. (2020). Validity, reliability and usefulness of smartphone and kinovea motion analysis software for direct measurement of vertical jump height. Physiol Behav, 227, 113144. doi:10.1016/j.physbeh.2020.113144

Puig-Divi, A., Escalona-Marfil, C., Padulles-Riu, J. M., Busquets, A., Padulles-Chando, X., & Marcos-Ruiz, D. (2019). Validity and reliability of the Kinovea program in obtaining angles and distances using coordinates in 4 perspectives. PLoS One, 14(6), e0216448. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0216448

Rabin, A., & Kozol, Z. (2017). Utility of the Overhead Squat and Forward Arm Squat in Screening for Limited Ankle Dorsiflexion. J Strength Cond Res, 31(5), 1251-1258. doi:10.1519/JSC.0000000000001580

Sá Filho, A. (2011). Efeito da Corrida Intervalada de Alta Intensidade em Diferentes Inclinações Sobre o Desempenho Aeróbio e de Força Explosiva. (Master), Univerisdade Gama Filho (UGF),

Sá Filho, A., Alves, W., Miranda, T. G., Portugal, E., & Machado, S. (2018). Analysis of Reliability of Peak Treadmill Running in Maximum Progressive Effort Test: Influence of Training Level. MedicalExpress, 5, 1-6.

Schoenfeld, B. J., & Grgic, J. (2020). Effects of range of motion on muscle development during resistance training interventions: A systematic review. SAGE Open Med, 8, 2050312120901559. doi:10.1177/2050312120901559

Siri. (1961). Body composition from fluid spaces and density. Analysis of methods. In: Techniques for Measuring Body Composition, edited by Brozek J and Henschel A., Washington, DC: National Academy of Sciences, National Research Council, 223-244.

Stathokostas, L., Little, R. M., Vandervoort, A. A., & Paterson, D. H. (2012). Flexibility training and functional ability in older adults: a systematic review. J Aging Res, 2012, 306818. doi:10.1155/2012/306818

Published

19/08/2022

How to Cite

SANTOS, D. C. P. dos .; MIRANDA, L. R.; SALES, M. M.; SILVA, I. O.; NASCIMENTO, D. dos S.; MACHADO , S. .; SÁ FILHO, A. S. Reliability of two-dimensional kinematic measurement of the overhead deep squat movement by photogrammetry: A new way of analyzing joint mobility limitations. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 11, n. 11, p. e185111133373, 2022. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i11.33373. Disponível em: https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/33373. Acesso em: 6 oct. 2022.

Issue

Section

Health Sciences