The military government, nature, and agricultural frontier in the Brazilian Midwest (1964-1979)




Economic miracle; Productive deconcentrating; Developmentalism in environmental laws; Cerrado.


The article aims to identify through the analysis of public policies and environmental laws (1964-1979) if the Brazilian State helped the agricultural frontier expansion in the Brazilian Midwest. It was made a narrative review, based in search in the database: Capes Periodical, Capes Theses and Dissertations Catalog, Google Scholar, and Mendeley as a reference manager. Also, there were consulted the sites of the Legislative Panel of the Environment Ministry for environmental laws analysis. And for Public Policies analysis: Database of Foundation Getúlio Vargas, Center for Research and Documentation of Contemporary History of Brazil, Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics. The results demonstrate that the military government during the period under analysis contributed, through the publication of public policies and environmental laws, for the expansion of the agricultural frontier in the Midwest.

Author Biographies

Denise Oliveira Dias, University Federal of Goias

PhD student in Environmental Sciences at the Federal University of Goiás. Master in Environment and Society from the State University of Goiás. Specialist in Environmental Law from UniAmérica. Specialist in Constitutional Law at Cers - Renato Saraiva Teaching Complex. Specialist in Environmental Management, Licensing and Auditing from Universidade Anhanguera- Uniderp. Graduated in Law from the Salgado de Oliveira University. CAPES Scholarship. Highlight of the Quadrennial of the Postgraduate Program in Environment and Society at the State University of Goiás (2016-2020).

Fausto Miziara, University Federal of Goias

Professor at the Federal University of Goiás. He holds a degree in Sociology from the University of Brasília (1986), a Master's in Sociology from the University of Brasília (1989) and a PhD in Sociology from the University of Brasília (1995). He was a professor at the PPG in Rural Extension at the Federal University of Viçosa. He was director and vice-director of the Faculty of Human Sciences and Philosophy at UFG; coordinator of the PPG in Sociology and the PPG in Agribusiness at UFG. He is currently coordinator of the PPG in Environmental Sciences at UFG. He has experience in the field of Sociology, with emphasis on Rural Sociology and Environmental Sociology. The main research topics he is currently developing are linked to the expansion of the Agricultural Frontier in the Cerrado and Amazon.


Abreu, A.A. de. (1996) The angels and demons of Veja magazine: a discourse against censorship. In: Regional Meeting of the National Association of History, 7, Rio de Janeiro. Annals. Rio de Janeiro: Anpuh/Ccs/Uerj, 211 – 214

Abreu, S de. (2001) Spatial Intervention and Management: The Prodepan 1 Case. Doctoral thesis. 323 f. Graduate Program course in Geography, University of São Paulo.

Alves, L. B. A. (2012) Public Policies in Family Agriculture: socio-economic aspects in the Evaluation of a Program to Guarantee Income and Rural Credit in Risk Situations. São Paulo: Editorial Source Publishing House

Bezerra, F. W. C., et al (2022). Gestão da diversidade nas organizações: uma breve revisão bibliográfica. Research, Society and Development, 11(11), e428111133610.

Brazil, (1934) Decree 23. 793, 1934. Forest Code 1934.

Brazil, (1964) Law 4.504 of 1964. It provides on the Land Statute.

Brazil, (1965) Law 4.771 of 1965. Forest Code 1965.

Brazil, (1967) Law 5.365, of 1967. Creates The Superintendence of Development of the Midwest Region (SUDECO), And Provides Other Measures.

Brazil, (1971) Decree 65. 646, 1971. It creates the Central-West Development Program (PRODOESTE) and provides other arrangements.

Brazil, (1973) Law 6. 001 1973. It provides in the Indian Statute.

Brazil (2021) Environmental Legislation Panel.

Baines, S. G. (2001) The indigenous lands in Brazil and the "Regularization" of the implementation of large hydroelectric plants and mining projects in the Amazon. Anthropology Series, Brasília, 300, (1), 1-16

Becker, B. K. (2010). The government of the territory in question: a perspective from Brazil. Strategic Partnerships, 14(28), 33-50.

Becker, B. K. (1985) Rethought frontier and urbanization. Revista Brasileira de Geografia, 47 (3/4), 357-371.

Becker, B. K. (1998) Brazil, a new regional power in the World Economy. Rio de Janeiro: Bertrand Brazil.

Cano, W. (2013) Interpreters of developmental thinking. Developmental notebooks, 8 (13), 293-308.

Cano, W. (2008) Regional productive deconcentration of Brazil - 1970-2005. Sao Paulo: Unesp

Carvalho, O. de. (1998) Review of Development Strategies in the Midwest: final report. Ministry of Planning and Budget. MPO: Brasilia.

Drummond, J. A. (1999). Brazilian environmental legislation from 1934 to 1988: Comments of an environmental scientist sympathetic to conservationism. Environment & Society, 2 (3.4), 127-150.

Duarte, T. M. (2009) The Project of Development of the Military Regime And The State of Goiás. Opsis, Catalan, 9 (12).

Dutra,R. M. S. & Souza, M. M. O de. Cerrado, Green Revolution and Evolution of Pesticide Consumption. Society & Nature. Uberlândia, 29 (3): 469-484.

Embrapa, Região Centro Oeste. <>

Evans, P. (1993) The State as a problem and solution. New Moon: Review of Culture and Politics, 28 (29), 107-157.

Freitas, W. A., Sobrinho, F. L. A., & de Mello, M. (2019) The influence of Federal Government Plans and Programs in the Midwest region: occupation and modernization of the territory between the 1960s and 1970s. Political Review and Regional Planning, 6 (1).

Furtado, C. (1972). Analysis of the Brazilian "Model". Rio de Janeiro: Brazilian Civilization.

Furtado, C. (2007). Economic formation of Brazil. São Paulo: Companhia das Letras.

Gonçales, C. & Cleps Júnior, J. (2005) Public policies for agricultural expansion in Goiás. The Anais of the 10th Meeting of Geographers from Latin America. São Paulo: EdUsp, 6390-6411.

Hammoud, R. H. N. (2008). Growth, Development and Income Inequality. Analysis Of The Classics: Furtado, Cardoso And The Economic "Miracle". Anais Do Xi Regional Meeting Economics. Curitiba: Anpec-Sul.

Ibge (2010). Demographic Census. Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics.

Lima, D. P. (2018). Legality and authoritarianism: the role of jurists in the consolidation of the military dictatorship of 1964. 286 f. Doctoral thesis. Graduate Program in Law of the University of Rio dos Sinos- UNISINOS. São Leopoldo, RS, Brazil.

Marés, C. F. (2003) The social function of the earth. Porto Alegre: Sergio Antonio Fabris Editor.

Martins, J. S. (2000) Agrarian Reform: the impossible dialogue. São Paulo: Editor of the University of São Paulo.

Martins, J. S. (1994) The power of delay, Sociology essays of slow history. São Paulo: Hucitec Publishing House.

Martins, J. S. (2017) Brazil's politics: lúmpen and mystic. São Paulo: Context

Oliveira, J. P. from. (1998) Resizing the indigenous question in Brazil: an ethnography of indigenous lands. In: Oliveira, João Pacheco de. (org) Indigenism and territorialization: powers, routines and colonial knowledge in contemporary Brazil. Rio de Janeiro: Contra Capa, 15-42.

Pereira, P. A. P. (2012) Developmental utopias and social policy in Brazil. Service Magazine. Society, 112, (1) 729-753.

Perissinoto, R. (2014) The concept of Developmental State and its usefulness for The Brazilian and Argentine cases. Journal of Sociology and Politics, 22 (52).

Porto-Gonçalves, C. W. The environmental challenge. Rio de Janeiro: Record, 2004

Ribeiro, D. (1979) The Indians and Civilization: the integration of indigenous populations in modern Brazil. Petrópolis: Voices.

Rodrigues, A. R & Matavelli, C. J. (2020) The main changes to the Brazilian Forest Code. Brazilian Journal of Criminalistics. 9, (1), 28-35

Santos, M. (2012) Space and method. Sao Paulo: Edusp

Santos, M. (2013) Brazilian urbanization. São Paulo: EdUsp

Santos, M., & Caribé, C. (2016). Japanese-Brazilian Cooperation Program for the Development of Cerrados--PRODECER: a spectrum surrounds the Brazilian cerrados. Society and Agriculture Studies, 24(2), 384-413.

Steckelberg, T. B (2014). The Three Forest Codes: Analysis of Brazilian Forest Legislation. Journal Científic@ - Multidisciplinary Journal, 1, (2), 131-143 <>

Steinberger, Marília (2000). Midwest Region: A Geopolitical Vision. Society and Culture, 3(1-2),31-49

Silva, C.A.F. da. (2011) Capitalist agricultural frontier and territorial planning. In: Santos, M. & Becker, B. K . Território, territórios: ensaios sobre o ordenamento territorial. Rio de Janeiro: Lamparina

Souza, M. de (2020). Trans-Amazonian: Integrate not to deliver. New Amazon Ian Magazine, 9 (1)

Thomas, B. L & Foleto, E. M. (2013) The evolution of environmental legislation in the areas of protection. Electronic Journal of the Ufsm Law Course, 8,(1), 734-745.>

Unesp. (2015) Types of literature review.

Vosgerau D. S. A. R & Romanowski, J. P. (2014) Review studies: conceptual and methodological implications Revista Diálogo Educacional, Curitiba, 14, (41), 165-189.

Santos, C, C. M. dos (2016). Japanese-Brazilian Cooperation Program for the Development of Cerrados--PRODECER: a spectrum surrounds the Brazilian cerrados. Society and Agriculture Studies, 24(2).

Sousa, L. M. M; et al (2018) Reviews of the scientific literature: types, methods and applications in nursing. Portuguese Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing, 1(1), 45-54

Souza, L. E. S. & Pires, M. C. (2010) From the economic miracle to the forced march (1968-1980) In: Pires, M. C et al. Brazilian economy: from the colony to the Lula government. Ed. Saraiva.

Sudeco (2021) Central West Development Superintendence. <>




How to Cite

DIAS, D. O. .; MIZIARA, F. . The military government, nature, and agricultural frontier in the Brazilian Midwest (1964-1979). Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 11, n. 11, p. e520111134100, 2022. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i11.34100. Disponível em: Acesso em: 28 sep. 2022.



Human and Social Sciences