Association between tuberculosis and prison in Nova Alta Paulista: a time series study

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v11i14.35971

Keywords:

Prision; Streaming; Infection.

Abstract

Tuberculosis (TB), one of the leading causes of death worldwide, is caused by bacteria of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex. TB transmission is commonly facilitated in the prison environment, due to poor ventilation and overcrowding, among other factors. Nova Alta Paulista is made up of 30 municipalities, nine of which have prison units (PU), therefore, knowing the epidemiology of TB in Nova Alta Paulista and its correlation with the presence of PU is important to contribute to the adoption of public measures of prevention health more effective. This is a descriptive research and time series between 2001 and 2020 to study the association between TB and PU cases. The number of TB cases per municipality was extracted from the informatics department of the Brazilian Unified Health System. TB is more prevalent in municipalities that have PU, and the coefficient for determining the mean number of TB cases in the nine municipalities with PU showed a value 62 times greater than the value for the coefficient for determining the mean number of TB cases in the nine municipalities with PU. 21 municipalities without PU, showing that in these municipalities the chance of acquiring and transmitting tuberculosis is greater. In addition, PU employees can be vehicles for acquiring and transmitting TB to the general population. These findings should contribute to the adoption of public health strategies for a better understanding of the dynamics of this disease and the adoption of more effective measures for TB control.

References

Auld, S. C., Kasmar, A. G., Dowdy, D. W., Mathema, B., Gandhi, N. R., Churchyard, G. J., Rustomjee, R., & Shah, N. S. (2017). Research Roadmap for Tuberculosis Transmission Science: Where Do We Go From Here and How Will We Know When We're There? The Journal of infectious diseases, 216(suppl_6), S662–S668. https://doi.org/10.1093/infdis/jix353.

Baussano, I., Williams, B. G., Nunn, P., Beggiato, M., Fedeli, U., & Scano, F. (2010). Tuberculosis incidence in prisons: a systematic review. PLoS medicine, 7(12), e1000381. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1000381.

Churchyard, G., Kim, P., Shah, N. S., Rustomjee, R., Gandhi, N., Mathema, B., Dowdy, D., Kasmar, A., & Cardenas, V. (2017). What We Know About Tuberculosis Transmission: An Overview. The Journal of infectious diseases, 216(suppl_6), S629–S635. https://doi.org/10.1093/infdis/jix362.

Cunha, E., Marques, M., Evangelista, M., Pompilio, M. A., Yassuda, R., & Souza, A. S. (2018). A diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis and drug resistance among inmates in Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical, 51(3), 324–330. https://doi.org/10.1590/0037-8682-0289-2017.

Dheda, K., Barry, C. E., 3rd, & Maartens, G. (2016). Tuberculosis. Lancet (London, England), 387(10024), 1211–1226. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(15)00151-8.

Ketata, W., Rekik, W. K., Ayadi, H., & Kammoun, S. (2015). Les tuberculoses extrapulmonaires [Extrapulmonary tuberculosis]. Revue de pneumologie clinique, 71(2-3), 83–92. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pneumo.2014.04.001.

Matias-Pereira, J. (2016). Manual de Metodologia da Pesquisa Científica (4a ed.). Grupo GEN. https://integrada.minhabiblioteca.com.br/books/9788597008821.

Matteelli, A., Rendon, A., Tiberi, S., Al-Abri, S., Voniatis, C., Carvalho, A., Centis, R., D'Ambrosio, L., Visca, D., Spanevello, A., & Battista Migliori, G. (2018). Tuberculosis elimination: where are we now?. European respiratory review: an official journal of the European Respiratory Society, 27(148), 180035. https://doi.org/10.1183/16000617.0035-2018.

Natarajan, A., Beena, P. M., Devnikar, A. V., & Mali, S. (2020). A systemic review on tuberculosis. The Indian journal of tuberculosis, 67(3), 295–311. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijtb.2020.02.005.

Reis, A. J., David, S. M., Nunes, L. S., Valim, A. R., & Possuelo, L. G. (2016). Recent transmission of drug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis in a prison population in southern Brazil. Jornal brasileiro de pneumologia: publicacao oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia, 42(4), 286–289. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1806-37562016000000023.

Sabaini, R. T. (2011). Uma cidade entre presídios: percepções acerca de um contínuo entre a prisão e o urbano. Sociedade E Território, 23(2), 21–37. Recuperado de https://periodicos.ufrn.br/sociedadeeterritorio/article/view/3497.

Souza, A. (2022). Origem das cidades da nova alta paulista - a contribuição da infraestrutura ferroviária. Colloquium Socialis, 5(3). https://journal.unoeste.br/index.php/cs/index.

Taylan, M., Demir, M., Yılmaz, S., Kaya, H., Sen, H. S., Oruc, M., Icer, M., Gunduz, E., & Sezgi, C. (2016). Effect of human development index parameters on tuberculosis incidence in Turkish provinces. Journal of infection in developing countries, 10(11), 1183–1190. https://doi.org/10.3855/jidc.8101.

Tendolkar, M. S., Tyagi, R., & Handa, A. (2021). Review of advances in diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis. The Indian journal of tuberculosis, 68(4), 510–515. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijtb.2021.07.002.

Winter, Bárbara Carollo de Almeida, & Grazinoli Garrido, Rodrigo. (2017). La tuberculosis en el cárcel: un retrato de las adversidades del sistema prisional brasileño. Medicina Legal de Costa Rica, 34(2), 20-31. http://www.scielo.sa.cr/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1409-00152017000200020&lng=en&tlng=pt.

WHO. Global tuberculosis report 2013. WHO/HTM/TB/ 2013. 11. WHO; 2013. WHO/HTM/TB/2013.11.

Yates, T. A., Khan, P. Y., Knight, G. M., Taylor, J. G., McHugh, T. D., Lipman, M., White, R. G., Cohen, T., Cobelens, F. G., Wood, R., Moore, D. A., & Abubakar, I. (2016). The transmission of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in high burden settings. The Lancet. Infectious diseases, 16(2), 227–238. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1473-3099(15)00499-5.

Published

18/10/2022

How to Cite

KOSHIYAMA JUNIOR, J. S. .; BERTOZZI, J. G. .; BATISTA, M. C. .; DIONISIO, I. C. .; OLIVEIRA, C. F. de . Association between tuberculosis and prison in Nova Alta Paulista: a time series study. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 11, n. 14, p. e31111435971, 2022. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i14.35971. Disponível em: https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/35971. Acesso em: 9 dec. 2022.

Issue

Section

Health Sciences