Brain Vascular Accident in young patients: an epidemiological analysis between 2008 and 2022




Stroke; Hemorrhagic Stroke; Ischemic Stroke; Epidemiology.


Objectives: To identify the epidemiological profile of ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke in young patients between the years 2008 and 2021. Methodology: This is an epidemiological, retrospective and descriptive study based on data obtained from the Hospital Information System of the Department of Informatics. of the Unified Health System (SIH/DATASUS). Results: There were 87,897 hospitalizations for stroke in the age group 15 to 39 years in the period between January 2008 and July 2022 and there was a mortality rate of 10.58 in this time interval. In addition, it was possible to observe that the most affected age group was from 30 to 39 years old, with 67.03% of cases, followed by the population from 20 to 29 years old with 26.33% and, finally, from 15 to 19 years old. with 6.64% of patients affected. Regarding gender, females showed the highest number of affected with 54.56% of the total. Furthermore, the number of deaths from the disease was 6,911 patients (8.2% of cases), with 2008 having the highest number with 703 cases. Finally, there was a gradual increase in the prevalence of stroke in the population analyzed between 2008 and 2021. Conclusion: There was an increase in the incidence of stroke in young Brazilians, with the most affected population being the age group from 30 to 39 years. According to Zétola (2001), this increase may be associated with changes in lifestyle that have occurred in recent years, where young people have more cases of obesity, diabetes and hypertension than in the past.

Author Biography

Maria Tereza Pereira de Souza, Faculdade Supremo Redentor

Especialista em docência do ensino superior e cursando oncologia


Banfield, E. C., Liu, Y., Davis, J. S., Chang, S., & Frazier-Wood, A. C. (2016). Poor Adherence to US Dietary Guidelines for Children and Adolescents in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey Population. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, 116(1), 21–27.

Bertolucci, P.H.F. et al. (2021). Neurologia: Diagnóstico e Tratamento. 3ed. São Paulo: Editora Manole, 2021.

Boehme, A. K., Esenwa, C., & Elkind, M. S. (2017). Stroke Risk Factors, Genetics, and Prevention. Circulation research, 120(3), 472–495.

Caprio, F. Z., & Sorond, F. A. (2019). Cerebrovascular Disease: Primary and Secondary Stroke Prevention. The Medical clinics of North America, 103(2), 295–308.

DATASUS (2022). Departamento de Informática do SUS.

Feigin, VL, Krishnamurthi, RV, Parmar, P., Norrving, B., Mensah, GA, … Bennett, DA (2015). Atualização sobre a carga global de acidente vascular cerebral isquêmico e hemorrágico em 1990-2013: o estudo GBD 2013. Neuroepidemiologia, 45(3), 161-176. doi:10.1159/000441085

Feske S. K. (2021). Ischemic Stroke. The American journal of medicine, 134(12), 1457–1464.

Ibrahim, F., & Murr, N. (2022). Embolic Stroke. In StatPearls. StatPearls Publishing.

Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística. (2022). Projeção da população do Brasil e das Unidades da Federação. IBGE.

Katan, M., & Luft, A. (2018). Global Burden of Stroke. Seminars in neurology, 38(2), 208–211.

Knight-Greenfield, A., Nario, J., & Gupta, A. (2019). Causes of Acute Stroke: A Patterned Approach. Radiologic clinics of North America, 57(6), 1093–1108.

Krishnamurthi, R. V., Feigin, V. L., Forouzanfar, M. H., Mensah, G. A., Connor, M., Bennett, D. A., Moran, A. E., Sacco, R. L., Anderson, L. M., Truelsen, T., O'Donnell, M., Venketasubramanian, N., Barker-Collo, S., Lawes, C. M., Wang, W., Shinohara, Y., Witt, E., Ezzati, M., Naghavi, M., Murray, C., … GBD Stroke Experts Group (2013). Global and regional burden of first-ever ischaemic and haemorrhagic stroke during 1990-2010: findings from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. The Lancet Global health, 1(5), e259–e281.

Montaño, A., Hanley, D. F., & Hemphill, J. C., 3rd (2021). Hemorrhagic stroke. Handbook of clinical neurology, 176, 229–248.

Neto, A.S. et al. (2021). Neurologia. 1ed. São Paulo: Editora Atheneu, 2021.

O'Donnell, M. J., Chin, S. L., Rangarajan, S., Xavier, D., Liu, L., Zhang, H., Rao-Melacini, P., Zhang, X., Pais, P., Agapay, S., Lopez-Jaramillo, P., Damasceno, A., Langhorne, P., McQueen, M. J., Rosengren, A., Dehghan, M., Hankey, G. J., Dans, A. L., Elsayed, A., Avezum, A., … INTERSTROKE investigators (2016). Global and regional effects of potentially modifiable risk factors associated with acute stroke in 32 countries (INTERSTROKE): a case-control study. Lancet (London, England), 388(10046), 761–775.

Pereira A. S. et al. (2018). Metodologia da pesquisa científica. [free e-book]. Santa Maria/RS. Ed. UAB/NTE/UFSM. https://repositorio. ufsm. br/bitstream/handle/1/15824/Lic_Computacao_Metodologia-Pesquisa-Cientifica. pdf.

Powers, W. J., Rabinstein, A. A., Ackerson, T., Adeoye, O. M., Bambakidis, N. C., Becker, K., Biller, J., Brown, M., Demaerschalk, B. M., Hoh, B., Jauch, E. C., Kidwell, C. S., Leslie-Mazwi, T. M., Ovbiagele, B., Scott, P. A., Sheth, K. N., Southerland, A. M., Summers, D. V., & Tirschwell, D. L. (2019). Guidelines for the Early Management of Patients With Acute Ischemic Stroke: 2019 Update to the 2018 Guidelines for the Early Management of Acute Ischemic Stroke: A Guideline for Healthcare Professionals From the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association. Stroke, 50(12), e344–e418.

Roxa, GN, Amorim, ARV, Caldas, GRF, Ferreira, A. dos SH, Rodrigues, FE de A., Gonçalves, MOSS, Santana, TB, & Silva, CRL da. (2021). Perfil epidemiológico dos pacientes acometidos com AVC isquêmico informações a terapia trombolítica: uma revisão integrativa / Perfil epidemiológico dos pacientes acometidos com acidente vascular cerebral isquêmico submetidos à terapia trombolítica: uma revisão integrativa. Revista Brasileira de Desenvolvimento, 7 (1), 7341–7351.

Saini, V., Guada, L., & Yavagal, D. R. (2021). Global Epidemiology of Stroke and Access to Acute Ischemic Stroke Interventions. Neurology, 97(20 Suppl 2), S6–S16.

Tsao, C. W., Aday, A. W., Almarzooq, Z. I., Alonso, A., Beaton, A. Z., Bittencourt, M. S., Boehme, A. K., Buxton, A. E., Carson, A. P., Commodore-Mensah, Y., Elkind, M., Evenson, K. R., Eze-Nliam, C., Ferguson, J. F., Generoso, G., Ho, J. E., Kalani, R., Khan, S. S., Kissela, B. M., Knutson, K. L., … Martin, S. S. (2022). Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics-2022 Update: A Report From the American Heart Association. Circulation, 145(8), e153–e639.

Unnithan, A., M Das, J., & Mehta, P. (2022). Hemorrhagic Stroke. In StatPearls. StatPearls Publishing.

Wang, W., Jiang, B., Sun, H., Ru, X., Sun, D., Wang, L., Wang, L., Jiang, Y., Li, Y., Wang, Y., Chen, Z., Wu, S., Zhang, Y., Wang, D., Wang, Y., Feigin, V. L., & NESS-China Investigators (2017). Prevalence, Incidence, and Mortality of Stroke in China: Results from a Nationwide Population-Based Survey of 480 687 Adults. Circulation, 135(8), 759–771.

Zétola, V. H. F., Nóvak, E. M., Camargo, C. H. F., Carraro Júnior, H., Coral, P., Muzzio, J. A., … Werneck, L. C. (2001). Acidente vascular cerebral em pacientes jovens: análise de 164 casos. Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria, 59(3B), 740–745. doi:10.1590/s0004-282x2001000500017



How to Cite

SANTOS, K. F. A. .; CUNHA, E. R. .; MENDES, L. E. B. .; RIBEIRO, A. A. .; ARAÚJO, S. R. M. .; PEREIRA, T. V. .; PEREIRA, E. F. C. .; PEREIRA, S. J. .; FRÓES, J. M. L. .; SOUZA, M. T. P. de. Brain Vascular Accident in young patients: an epidemiological analysis between 2008 and 2022. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 11, n. 14, p. e433111436381, 2022. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i14.36381. Disponível em: Acesso em: 3 oct. 2023.



Health Sciences