Downer cow syndrome- systematic review
Keywords:Bovine; Decubitus; Dystocia; Hypocalcemia; Nerve injury.
Dairy production can be influenced by several diseases that affect cattle herds. Among these, the Downer Cow Syndrome (DCS) is one of the main disorders that affect dairy cows, especially in the peripartum period. This syndrome has varied definitions that are correlated with prolonged recumbency and the inability of the animal to keep stationary. Due to variability related to etiology, pathogenesis and therapeutic measures, information related to DCS is dispersed in the veterinary scientific literature. The objective was to consolidate a systemically revised technical-scientific information base, providing a complete, relevant and accessible material to assist the clinical conduct of veterinarians. The research was carried out through the main scientific and academic databases. The selection went through a careful evaluation process, filtering only works with a topic relevant to the proposed topic. Some aspects related to DCS are more relevant, such as the characterization of a multifaceted etiology. In addition, it can occur due to primary diseases or secondary to injuries resulting from recumbency. The establishment of prognosis and adequate treatment depends on the initial cause of this involvement, requiring a correct clinical exam. However, some important points are the nursing care that seeks to provide better conditions to the affected animals and most of the time, consists of the use of different methods and equipment in an attempt to keep the patient stationary. The appropriate knowledge about the therapeutic metods available in the bovine medical clinic, aims to minimize health consequences and provide the welfare to the animals.
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Copyright (c) 2022 Luísa Holanda Andrade Rodrigues; Adriana Brasil Ferreira Pinto; Natália Botega Pedroso; José da Páscoa Nascimento Neto; André Luis Mendes Azevedo Carvalho; Priscilla Rochele Barrios Chalfun; Ana Carolina Chalfun de Sant’Ana; Luthesco Haddad Lima Chalfun
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