Oral health care in university students: hygiene habits, knowledge and self-perception to promote health

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37805

Keywords:

Oral health; Pathology; College students; Lifestyle.

Abstract

Objective: To investigate the behaviors, frequency and means used by university students regarding self-perception of oral hygiene, as well as the importance of care and knowledge about oral pathologies, as a strategy for the practice of a health-promoting university. Material and Methods: This is a qualitative research, which used the survey method and was carried out with university students from a private institution. As a research instrument, it consists of a questionnaire. For descriptive statistical analyses, mean, standard deviation and percentage were considered; a significant value of p ≤ 0.05 was also considered. Qualitative analyzes were presented and discussed in light of the literature on health promotion. Results: 121 university students participated in the study. With a greater predominance of students from the dentistry course, aged between 22 and 26 years and female. 50.4% say they are satisfied with their oral health; 56.2% think they currently need dental treatment; 62.8% brush their teeth 3 times a day, mostly 43% after lunch and 28.9% after dinner. 25.6% sometimes have gum bleeding when brushing their teeth. 56.2% say they sometimes use dental floss. 86.8% of participants have no impact on quality of life regarding oral health. Regarding the knowledge of oral pathologies, most participants do not have knowledge about oral pathologies. Considerations: It was possible to perceive that the level of knowledge of the participants about pathologies and pathological alterations requires attention in the dissemination of information among academics.

References

Albuquerque, R. M. S. L., et al. (2019). Self-perception, habits and impact of oral health on the quality of life of students at a Federal Institute in the Northeast. miscellaneous Journal, 4(2):600–611. 10.17648/diversitas-journal-v4i2.765.

Almeida, R. T., Batista, V. C. G., & Ribeiro, A. L. (2021). sensitivity dentine as a result of gingival recession and CLCNS. Facit Business and Technology Journal, 1(31):431-439, 2021.

Alvarenga, F. A. S., et al. Oral health impact profile in the quality of life of patients over 50 years old of two public institutions of Araraquara city, SP, Brazil. Revista de Odontologia da UNESP, 40(3):118-124, 2011.

Antoniassi Junior, G., Moreira, R. M. M., & Silva, V. J. (2022). Remote teaching and health promotion in the quality of life in teaching work. In. Marcelino, MM & Portuguez , AP Education of citizen awareness to democratic resistance. Cap. 2. Ituiutaba, MG: Editora Barlavento.

Antoniassi Junior, G., Santana, M. L., & Silva, T. H. S. (2016). Exposure to Tobacco Use and the Health Condition of University Students. Brazilian Journal of Forensic Sciences, Medical Law and Bioethics, 5(2):183–197. 10.17063/bjfs5(2)y2016183.

Camargo, L. L., & Antoniassi Junior, G. (2021). Oral health care of a young drug user. Research, Society and Development, 10(12), e425101220713. https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v10i12.20713

Bendo, C. B., et al. (2014). Impact of oral conditions on the quality of life of individuals. Revista da Associação Paulista de Cirurgiões Dentistas, 68(3):189-93.

Benedito, F. C. S., et al. (2020). Oral health of international undergraduates: from importance to knowledge and conducts toward oral pathologies. Online Journal of Research Care is Fundamental, 12(s/n):350-356.

Brandao, F. R., & Antoniassi Junior, G. (205). The use of harmful substances associated with the risk behavior of physical activity practitioners. Revista Psicologia e Saúde em Debate, 1(1):53–64. 10.22289/2446-922X.V1N1A4.

Brazil. Ministry of Health. (2012). Keep your smile by doing oral hygiene correctly, Editora MS/CGDI/SAA.

Chinos, R. et al. (2017). Hierarchizing caries risk factors among first-year university students in Nice (France): a cross-sectional study. BMC Oral Health, 17(159):1-9.

Ditteric, R. G., Portero, P. P., & Schmidt, L. M. (2007). Social concern in dentistry curricula. Revista da ABENO, 7(1):58-62.

Carmo Guedes, F., et al. (2021). Perspectives of aesthetic dentistry aligned with digital dentistry: a literature review. Brazilian Journal of Health Review, 4(1):1782-1790.

Fonseca, E. P. (2017). Comparison between the use of public and private dental services by adults in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. Science Connection, 12(2):54-63.

France, C. R. (2019). Knowledge and behaviors related to oral health of university students in the region of Cariri Cearense . Advisor: João Marcos Ferreira de Lima Silva. Completion of course work – Dentistry, University Center Doutor Leão Sampaio, Juazeiro do Norte – CE.

Freddo, S. L., et al. (2008). Oral hygiene habits and use of dental services among schoolchildren in a city in southern Brazil. Cadernos de Saúde Pública, (24)9:1991-2000. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2008000900005 .

Guerra, V. A., Godoy, S. C. B., & Palhares, E. (2021). Health promoting university: UFMG's social responsibility. UnB Conference Portal, I SHOW OF EXPERIENCES PROMOTING HEALTH. https://conferencias.unb.br/index.php/mostra/Ime/paper/view/9836 .

Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics. (2022). Meet Brazil. Number of men and women. https://educa.ibge.gov.br/jovens/conheca-o-brasil/populacao/18320-quantidade-de-homens-e-mulheres.html .

Moreira Junior, R., et al. (2018). Fundamentals of facial analysis for aesthetic harmonization in Brazilian dentistry. Clínica e Pesquisa em Odontologia-UNITAU, 9(1):59-65.

Leite, R. B. (2018). Assessment of knowledge and perception of the importance of oral health by dental students. Journal of the Faculty of Dentistry of Lins , 28(2):3-13.

Machado, G. S., et al. (2018). The importance of correct hygiene for good oral health. Archives Of Health Investigation, 7(y/n):12.

Meira, I. A., et al. (2018). Multidisciplinarity in the care and attention to the oral health of the elderly. Revista de Ciências Médicas, 27(1):39–45. 10.24220/2318-0897v27n1a3949.

Oliveira, B. H., & Nadanovsky, P. (2005). Psychometric properties of the Brazilian version of the Oral Health Impact Profile - short form. Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology, 33(4):307-314.

United Nations Organization. (2015). Agenda 2030: transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, New York: UN. https://nacoesunidas.org/pos2015/agenda2030/ .

Paranhos, R., et al. (2014). Run the Survey Is Coming. Basics for Social Scientists. Revista Latinoamericana de Metodología de La Investigación Social, 6(3):7-24.

Perondi, T., et al. (2018). Dental erosion in a young patient: case report. Odonto Action, [S. l.]: 85-93.

Salles, G. N., et al. (2021). Influence of schoolchildren participating in an education program on daily oral health practices in their family environment. Semina : Biological and Health Sciences , 42(2):145-154. http://dx.doi.org/10.5433/1679-0367.2021v42n2p145 .

SEMESP. (2022). Map of higher education in Brazil. https://www.semesp.org.br/wp-content/uploads/2022/07/mapa-do-ensino-superior-2022-06-30.pdf .

Silva, C. H. F., et al. (2018). Oral health: from hygiene habits and knowledge to behavior and access to dental services by Brazilian and foreign university students. Revista da Faculdade de Odontologia, 23(1):17-23. https://doi.org/10.5335/rfo.v23i1.8498 .

Souza, A. Z., et al. (2011). Knowledge and importance attributed to curricular contents of oral pathology by dentistry students and dentists. Revista Brasileira de Odontologia, 68(2):209-214.

Vitti, R. P., et al. (2011). Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14) and its association with dental treatment needs of adolescents in a rural Nigerian community. Brazilian Journal of Oral Sciences, 15(3):215-220.

Downloads

Published

25/11/2022

How to Cite

SATURNINO, V. G. .; ANTONIASSI JUNIOR, G. Oral health care in university students: hygiene habits, knowledge and self-perception to promote health. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 11, n. 15, p. e535111537805, 2022. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37805. Disponível em: https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/37805. Acesso em: 31 jan. 2023.

Issue

Section

Health Sciences