The importance of the dentist in paralympic sports




Dentistry; Oral health; Sports for persons with disabilities; Disabled persons; Sports medicine; Disabled persons.


Sports dentistry aims to promote health, improve performance and prevent injuries in athletes. It is necessary for the dental surgeon to participate in the routine of athletes from the youth categories, including athletes with intellectual, physical and visual disabilities, this group presents several changes in the oral cavity because of their limitations. The participation of the Brazilian team in the Paralympic Games since 1972, became essential to evaluate oral health problems in these athletes and rehabilitate them, providing better results in competitions. Methodology: 20 articles were selected between 2005 and 2021, indexed in the Pubmed, scholar and lilacs database, using the descriptors ‘’Dentistry”, “Oral health”, “Sports Medicine”, “Disabled Persons” and “Sports for Persons with Disabilities”. Oral injuries in Brazilian para-athletes, bruxism, mouth breathing and recurrent oral herpes lesions are the most frequent problems and can negatively affect the performance of these athletes. There is a high need dental care practices for patients with special needs at the University Dentistry. There was a significant need for attention and dental treatment for athletes with intellectual disabilities, and it is important to invest in strategies that promote self-care in order to improve daily hygiene. It is necessary for dental surgeons to work in Paralympic sports, meeting the individual needs of athletes with access to quality oral health and adequate monitoring, in order to improve performance and avoid complications that affect the quality of sports practice. The objective for this article is review the literature on the importance of dental surgeons in Paralympic sports.


Al-Shamlan, S. O., Mohammad, M., & Papandreou, D. (2019) Oral Health Status of Athletes with Intellectual Disabilities: A Review. Maced J Med Sci. 7(12), 2044-2049. 10.3889/oamjms.2019.539.

Andrade, R. A., Evans, P. L. S., Almeida, A. L. S., Silva, J. de J. R., Guedes, A. M. L., Guedes, F. R., et al. (2010) Prevalence of dental trauma in Pan American games athletes. Dental traumatology: official publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology. 26(3).

Barboza, R. R., Silva, T. A. L. da, Rêgo, J. T. P. do, Medeiros, J. A. de, Spina, M. A., & Dantas, P. M. S. (2015) Influência do consumo alimentar e uso de suplementos no desempenho de paratletas brasileiros. Rev Bras Med Esporte. 21(5), 376–80.:

Brancher, J. A., Morodome, F., Madalena, I. R., Reis, C. L. B., Von Held, R., Antunes, L. A. A., Winckler, C., Salgueirosa, F., Neto, Z. C. O., Storrer, C. L. M., Küchler, E. C., & Antunes, L. S. (2021) Salivary pH and oral health of Brazilian para-athletes: Saliva and oral health of para-athletes. Spec Care Dentist. 41(4), 505-511. 10.1111/scd.12589.

Costa, S. de S. (2009) Odontologia desportiva na luta pelo reconhecimento. Revista de Odontologia da Universidade Cidade de São Paulo. 1;21(2), 162–8.

Fernandez Rojas, C., Wichrowska-Rymarek, K., Pavlic, A., Vinereanu, A., Fabjanska, K., Kaschke, I., & Marks, L. A. (2016) Oral health needs of athletes with intellectual disability in Eastern Europe:Poland, Romania and Slovenia. International dental journal. 66(2), 113–9.

Ferruzzi, L. P. do C. (2019) Qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde bucal de atletas com deficiência [Internet]. Universidade Federal de Uberlândia: Qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde bucal de atletas com deficiência.

Hanke-Herrero, R., López Del Valle, L. M., Sánchez, C., Waldman, H. B., & Perlman, S. P. (2013) Latin-American Special Olympics athletes: evaluation of oral health status. Spec Care Dentist. 33(5), 209-12. 10.1111/scd.12019.

Howell, R., & Brimble, M. (2013) Dental health management for children with special healthcare needs. Nurs Child Young People. 25(5), 19–22

Marks, L., Wong, A., Perlman, S., Shellard, A., & Fernandez, C. (2018) Global oral health status of athletes with intellectual disabilities. Clin Oral Investig. 22(4), 1681-1688. 10.1007/s00784-017-2258-0.

Opazo-García, C., Moya-Salazar, J., Chicoma-Flores, K., & Contreras-Pulache, H. (2021) Oral health problems in high-performance athletes at 2019 Pan American Games in Lima: a descriptive study. BDJ Open. 7(1), 1–5.

Pastore, G. U., Moreira, M., Bastos, R., Galotti, M., & Leonardi, M. F. de P. (2017) Odontologia do Esporte - Uma proposta inovadora. Rev Bras Med Esporte. 23(2), 147–51. Available from:

Pereira, A. S. et al. (2018). Metodologia da pesquisa científica. UFSM

Petersen, P. E., Bourgeois, D., Ogawa, H., Estupinan-Day, S., & Ndiaye, C. (2005) The global burden of oral diseases and risks to oral health. Bull World Health Organ. 83(9), 661-9.

Rapisura, K. P., Coburn, J. W., Brown, L. E., & Kersey, R. D. (2010) Physiological variables and mouthguard use in women during exercise. J Strength Cond Res. 24(5), 1263-8. 10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181d1572d.

Storrer, C. L. M., Costa, E. E., Scariot, R., Petinati, M. F. P., Winckler, C., Deliberador, T. M., et al. (2021) Bruxism and type of breathing as factors associated with oral herpes lesion in Brazilian para-athletes. Special care in dentistry: official publication of the American Association of Hospital Dentists, the Academy of Dentistry for the Handicapped, and the American Society for Geriatric Dentistry. 41(6).

Trihandini, I., Wiradidjaja Adiwoso, A., Erri Astoeti, T., & Marks, L. (2013) Oral health condition and treatment needs among young athletes with intellectual disabilities in I Indonesia. International journal of paediatric dentistry. 23(6), 408–14.

Tucci, R., Contador, B., de Oliveira, J. C., Domingos, R. G., Ueda, A. J. Z., Tiba, H. S., et al. (2019) Atletas paralímpicos brasileiros: uma avaliação da saúde bucal. Revista Brasileira de Odontologia. 76(0), 1–6.

Von Arx, T., Flury, R., Tschan, J., Buergin, W., & Geiser, T. Thieme E-Journals - International Journal of Sports Medicine / Abstract. International Journal of Sports Medicine. 435–8.

Vougiouklakis, G., Tzoutzas, J., Farmakis, E. T., Farmakis, E. E., Antoniadou, M., & Mitsea, A. (2008) Dental data of the Athens 2004 Olympic and Paralympic Games. Int J Sports Med. 29(11), 927-33. 10.1055/s-2008-1038489.

Waldman, H. B., Perlman, S. P., Marks, L., & Arnold, T. J. (2017) Special Smiles: Sports Dentistry and the Special Needs Athlete. J Calif Dent Assoc. 45(6), 291-5.




How to Cite

SILVA, L. S. de P. .; DUARTE, A. C. P. .; DIAS, J. G. C. S. .; MELLO, P. H. D. de .; COTO, N. P. .; ALMEIDA , M. F. . The importance of the dentist in paralympic sports. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 13, n. 1, p. e5113143633, 2024. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v13i1.43633. Disponível em: Acesso em: 27 may. 2024.



Health Sciences