Analysis of factors for the development of childhood obesity as a measure for its prevention

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v13i3.45399

Keywords:

Childhood obesity; Quality of life; Risk factors.

Abstract

Objective: To present the main causes of the development of childhood obesity and ways to mitigate the growth of this disease. Method: An integrative literature review was carried out in March 2024, using the descriptors “Indicators of Quality of Life”, “Pediatric Obesity” and “Risk”, through the PubMed and VHL databases. Results and Discussions: Some conditions are intrinsically related to the development of childhood obesity, such as behavioral, environmental, biological and genetic factors. Among these, the practice of inadequate eating habits was seen as the most influential factor in the occurrence of this disease. Furthermore, a trial called ToyBox showed that sedentary habits, such as watching television and playing electronic games, encourage the consumption of high-calorie foods. Others have observed that there has been a decline in physical fitness levels in children and adolescents around the world, and that this condition is directly proportional to the increase in metabolic risk in this age group. Finally, relating the dimensions of sleep and the risk of childhood overweight or obesity, it was shown that poor sleep habits from the age of 1 increase the risk of developing obesity in the long term. Final Considerations: Therefore, childhood obesity is a disease that can cause numerous chronic and serious problems not only during childhood but also during adult life. The development of this condition is related to factors that can be modified.

References

Bricarello, L. P., de Almeida Alves, M., Retondario, A., de Moura Souza, A., & de Vasconcelos, F. A. G. (2021). DASH diet (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) and overweight/obesity in adolescents: The ERICA study. Clinical nutrition ESPEN, 42, 173–179.

Barros, W. M. A., da Silva, K. G., Silva, R. K. P., Souza, A. P. D. S., da Silva, A. B. J., Silva, M. R. M., Fernandes, M. S. S., de Souza, S. L., & Souza, V. O. N. (2022). Effects of Overweight/Obesity on Motor Performance in Children: A Systematic Review. Frontiers in endocrinology, 12, 759165.

Cavalcante, L. T. C., & Oliveira, A. A. S. (2020). Métodos de revisão bibliográfica nos estudos científicos. Psicologia em Revista, 26(1), 83-102. https://dx.doi.org/10.5752/P.1678-9563.2020v26n1p82-100

Cronin, F. M., Hurley, S. M., Buckley, T., Mancebo Guinea Arquez, D., Lakshmanan, N., O'Gorman, A., Layte, R., & Stanistreet, D. (2022). Mediators of socioeconomic differences in overweight and obesity among youth in Ireland and the UK (2011-2021): a systematic review. BMC public health, 22(1), 1585. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-022-14004-z

Danial, B., Faresjö, T., Fredriksson, M., & Ludvigsson, J. (2023). Childhood sleep and obesity risk: A prospective cohort study of 10 000 Swedish children. Pediatric obesity, 18(2), e12983. https://doi.org/10.1111/ijpo.12983

Ding, N., Zhan, J., Shi, Y., Qiao, T., Li, P., & Zhang, T. (2022). Obesity in children and adolescents and the risk of ovarian cancer: A systematic review and dose‒response meta-analysis. PloS one, 17(12), e0278050. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0278050

Faienza, M. F., Chiarito, M., Molina-Molina, E., Shanmugam, H., Lammert, F., Krawczyk, M., D'Amato, G., & Portincasa, P. (2020). Childhood obesity, cardiovascular and liver health: a growing epidemic with age. World journal of pediatrics : WJP, 16(5), 438–445. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12519-020-00341-9

Homs, C., Berruezo, P., Arcarons, A., Wärnberg, J., Osés, M., González-Gross, M., Gusi, N., Aznar, S., Marín-Cascales, E., González-Valeiro, M. Á., Serra-Majem, L., Terrados, N., TUR, J. A., Segú, M., Fitó, M., Benavente-Marín, J. C., Labayen, I., Zapico, A. G., Sánchez-Gómez, J., Jiménez-Zazo, F., … Gómez, S. F. (2023). Independent and Joined Association between Socioeconomic Indicators and Pediatric Obesity in Spain: The PASOS Study. Nutrients, 15(8), 1987. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu15081987

Kącka, A., Charemska, A., Jarocka-Cyrta, E., & Głowińska-Olszewska, B. (2022). Comparison of novel markers of metabolic complications and cardiovascular risk factors between obese non-diabetic and obese type 1 diabetic children and young adults. Frontiers in endocrinology, 13, 1036109. https://doi.org/10.3389/fendo.2022.1036109

Krajewska W. J., Krajewski, W., & Zatoński, T. (2019). The Association Between ENT Diseases and Obesity in Pediatric Population: A Systematic Review of Current Knowledge. Ear, nose, & throat journal, 98(5), E32–E43. https://doi.org/10.1177/0145561319840819

Koletzko, B., Fishbein, M., Lee, W. S., Moreno, L., Mouane, N., Mouzaki, M., & Verduci, E. (2020). Prevention of Childhood Obesity: A Position Paper of the Global Federation of International Societies of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (FISPGHAN). Journal of pediatric gastroenterology and nutrition, 70(5), 702–710. https://doi.org/10.1097/MPG.0000000000002708

Koletzko, B., Demmelmair, H., Grote, V., & Totzauer, M. (2019). Optimized protein intakes in term infants support physiological growth and promote long-term health. Seminars in perinatology, 43(7), 151153. https://doi.org/10.1053/j.semperi.2019.06.001

Meng, M., Jiang, Y., Lin, J., Zhang, J., Wang, G., Zhu, Q., Lin, Q., & Jiang, F. (2022). The mediating effect of DNA methylation in the association between maternal sleep during pregnancy and offspring adiposity status: a prospective cohort study. Clinical epigenetics, 14(1), 66. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13148-022-01284-w

Miguel-Berges, M. L., Mouratidou, T., Santaliestra-Pasias, A., Androutsos, O., Iotova, V., Galcheva, S., De Craemer, M., Cardon, G., Koletzko, B., Kulaga, Z., Manios, Y., Moreno, L. A., & ToyBox-study group (2023). Longitudinal associations between diet quality, sedentary behaviours and physical activity and risk of overweight and obesity in preschool children: The ToyBox-study. Pediatric obesity, 18(10), e13068. https://doi.org/10.1111/ijpo.13068

Moher, D., Liberati, A., Tetzlaff, J., Altman, D. G., Altman, D., Antes, G., Atkins, D., Barbour, V., Barrowman, N., Berlin, J. A., Clark, J., Clarke, M., Cook, D., D’Amico, R., Deeks, J. J., Devereaux, P. J., Dickersin, K., Egger, M., Ernst, E., Tugwell, P. (2009). Preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses: The PRISMA statement. PLoS Medicine, 6(7), 1–6. doi: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1000097

Morgan, E. H., Schoonees, A., Sriram, U., Faure, M., & Seguin-Fowler, R. A. (2020). Caregiver involvement in interventions for improving children's dietary intake and physical activity behaviors. The Cochrane database of systematic reviews, 1(1), CD012547. https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD012547.pub2

Ogle, S. B., Dewberry, L. C., Jenkins, T. M., Inge, T. H., Kelsey, M., Bruzoni, M., & Pratt, J. S. A. (2021). Outcomes of Bariatric Surgery in Older Versus Younger Adolescents. Pediatrics, 147(3), e2020024182. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2020-024182

Santaliestra-Pasías, A. M., Moreno, L. A., Gracia-Marco, L., Buck, C., Ahrens, W., De Henauw, S., Hebestreit, A., Kourides, Y., Lauria, F., Lissner, L., Molnar, D., Veidebaum, T., González-Gil, E. M., & on behalf the IDEFICS consortium (2021). Prospective physical fitness status and development of cardiometabolic risk in children according to body fat and lifestyle behaviours: The IDEFICS study. Pediatric obesity, 16(11), e12819. https://doi.org/10.1111/ijpo.12819

Sørensen, L. M. N., Aamodt, G., Brantsæter, A. L., Meltzer, H. M., & Papadopoulou, E. (2022). Diet quality of Norwegian children at 3 and 7 years: changes, predictors and longitudinal association with weight. International journal of obesity (2005), 46(1), 10–20. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41366-021-00951-x

Souza, M. T., Silva, M. D., & Carvalho, R.d (2010). Integrative review: what is it? How to do it?. Einstein (São Paulo, Brazil), 8(1), 102–106. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1679-45082010RW1134

Yang, L., Liang, C., Yu, Y., Xiao, Q., Xi, M., & Tang, L. (2022). Family sports interventions for the treatment of obesity in childhood: a meta-analysis. Journal of health, population, and nutrition, 41(1), 40. https://doi.org/10.1186/s41043-022-00317-7

Published

30/03/2024

How to Cite

FERNANDES, L. de M. P. .; SAMPAIO, M. N. F. .; LUCENA, B. A. T. .; LUCENA, L. B. G. de .; LUCENA, T. A. T. .; DONHA, N. A. dos S. .; PIMENTEL , L. de O. .; LOURENÇO, I. M. .; CAMPIDELI , L. M.; ARAÚJO, R. S. .; FÉLIX, Y. R. D. V. .; FEITOSA, A. do N. A. . Analysis of factors for the development of childhood obesity as a measure for its prevention. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 13, n. 3, p. e12413345399, 2024. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v13i3.45399. Disponível em: https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/45399. Acesso em: 14 jun. 2024.

Issue

Section

Health Sciences