Lip balm using cinnamon oleoresin and essential oil: microbiological safety assessment with accelerated and extended stability
Keywords:Lip balm; Cinnamon; Oleoresin; Essential oil.
Due to the growth of the cosmetics industry, developments and improvements are needed for the productive sector and its products to meet consumer demand and the quality standards imposed by inspection bodies. As a result, an area has developed to meet these needs that is known as phytocosmetics. This area involves the inclusion of constituents with of plant origin in the cosmetic product formulation. The objective of this work was to compare the formulations of lip moisturizers incorporating oleoresins and essential oils of cinnamon (Cinnamomun verum), in addition to testing the microbiological safety and the Accelerated and Extended Stability of the formulated products. The tests revealed that the proposed formulations are microbiologically stable and safe, which is due to the antimicrobial activity of the oleoresin and cinnamon essential oil used in the formulations.
ANVISA. Guia para avaliação de segurança de produtos cosméticos. 2012 Available at: http://portal.anvisa.gov.br/documents/106351/107910/Guia+para+Avalia%C3%A7%C3%A3o+de+Seguran%C3%A7a+de+Produtos+Cosm%C3%A9ticos/ab0c660d-3a8c-4698-853a-096501c1dc7c
Aranaz, I. et al. (2018). Cosmetics and Cosmeceutical Applications of Chitin, Chitosan and Their Derivatives. Polymers, 10, 213-238. doi: 10.3390/polym10020213
Barel, O. A., Paye, M., & Maibach, I. H. (2009). Handbook of cosmetic science and technology. 3rd ed, Informa Healthcare USA, Inc.
Carvalho, V.L.G., & Pachione, V.M. (1989). Controle microbiológico em cosméticos. Aerosol Cosmetics, 36, 10-12. Available at: http://search.ebscohost.com/
da Silva, A. C. R. et al. (2012). Biological Activities of α-Pinene and β-Pinene Enantiomers. Molecules, 17, 6305-6316. doi:10.3390/molecules17066305
de Campos, J. V. Avaliação da atividade antimicrobiana e análise morfológica por microscopia de força atômica (AFM) da ação de extratos de própolis verde sobre Staphylococcus aureus e Escherichia coli. Dissertação apresentada ao Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biotecnologia, UFSCar, 2017. Available at: https://repositorio.ufscar.br/handle/ufscar/9400
Denavarre, M.G. (1975). The chemistry and manufacture of cosmetics. 2.ed. Orlando: Continental Press.
Dorman, H.J.D.; Deans, S.G. Antimicrobial agents from plants: antibacterial activity of plant volatile oils. Journal of Applied Microbiology, v.88, p. 308–316, 2000. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2672.2000.00969.x
Eiserle, R. J., & Rogers, J. A. (1972). The Composition of Volatile Oils Derived from Oleoresins, Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society, 49, 573-577. Available at: http://search.ebscohost.com/
Galembeck, F., & Csordas, Y. (2009). Cosméticos: a química da beleza. 2.ed. Rio de Janeiro: Ed., Larousse do Brasil.
Goodarzi, S., Hadjiakhoondi, A., Yassa, N., Khanavi, M., & Tofighi Z. (2016). New Benzodioxole Compounds from the Root Extract of Astrodaucus persicus. Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, 15, 901–906. Available at: http://search.ebscohost.com/
Hyldgaard, M.; Mygind, T.; Meyer, R. L. et al Essential Oil in Food Preservation: Mode of action, Synergies and interactions with food matrix components. Frontiers in Microbiology, v.3, p. 1-24, 2012. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2012.00012
Lane, M. (2013). Skin penetration enhancers. International Journal of Phamaceutics, 447, 12-21. doi: 10.1016/j.ijpharm.2013.02.040
Marrot, L., & Soeur. J. (2015). Use of essential oil of oregano or of rosewood, or constituents thereof, in the cosmetic treatment of keratoses. United States Patent Application Publication, US 2015/0150929 A1. Available at: https://patents.google.com/patent/US20150150929A1/en
Martinelli et al. (2017). Antimicrobial activity and chemical constituents of essential oils and oleoresins extracted from eight pepper species. Ciência Rural, 47, 1-7. doi: 10.1590/0103-8478cr20160899
McCarthy, T.J. (1984). Formulated factors affecting the activity of preservatives. In: KABARA, J.J. Cosmetic and drug preservation: principles and practice. New York: Marcel Dekker.
Orth, D.S. (1984). Evaluation of preservatives in cosmetic products. In: Kabara, J.J. Cosmetic and drug preservation: principles and practice. New York: Marcel Dekker.
Orth, D.S. (1997). Avaliação do risco microbiológico de matérias-primas. Cosmetic Toiletries, 9, 34-35. Available at: http://search.ebscohost.com/
Parker, M.S. (1984). Design and assessment of preservative systems for cosmetics. In: Kabara, J.J. Cosmetic and drug preservation; principles and practice. New York: Marcel Dekker.
Rosa et al. (2018). Antimicrobial wound dressing films containing essential oils and oleoresins of pepper encapsulated in sodium alginate films. Ciência Rural, 48, p.1-5. doi: 10.1590/0103-8478cr20170740
Rowe, R. C., Sheskey, P. J., & Quinn, M. E. (2009). Handbook of Pharmaceutical Excipients. Sixth edition, Pharmaceutical Press and American Pharmacists Association.
Shah, M., & Shelar, S. D. (2018). Determination of antimicrobial activity of herbal plant extracts against oral and pathogenic dental isolates and their phytochemical analysis using GCMS. World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, 7, 294-310. Available at: http://search.ebscohost.com/
Smyth, T., Ramachandran, V. N., & Smyth, W. F. (2009). A study of the antimicrobial activity of selected naturally occurring and synthetic coumarins. International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents, 33, 421-426. doi: 10.1016/j.ijantimicag.2008.10.022
Zanin, S. M. W., Miguel, M. D., Chimelli, M., & Dalmaz, A C. (2001). Parâmetros físicos no estudo da estabilidade das emulsões. Revista Visão Acadêmica, 2, 47-58. doi: 10.5380/acd.v2i2.486
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2020 Leonam José de Andrade Lima; Luana Cominato; Heloísa Moraes Oliveira; Wanderson de Oliveira dos Santos; Geoffroy Roger Pointer Malpass; Mônica Hitomi Okura; Ana Claudia Granato
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
1) Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
2) Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
3) Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.