Nutritional status and living habits of children with autism
Keywords:Nutritional status; Autistic disorder; Child; Obesity; Lifestyle.
Objective: This study aims to investigate the nutritional status of children with autism and to verify their association with children's lifestyle. Methods: A total of 43 children with autism were enrolled in the Integrated Rehabilitation Center located in the city of Teresina, Piauí, Brazil, of both sexes, aged between 2 and 10 years. An interview with parents was carried out through a questionnaire with sociodemographic and lifestyle data and anthropometric mesures of the children. Results: In relation to nutritional status, it was verified the prevalence of eutrophic infants (55.6%) and obese children (23.3%). Besides, a significant association between intestinal problems and nutritional status (p=0,013) was found, however it was not possible to verify a significant association among nutricional status with medicines (p=0,720) and physical activity (p = 1000). Conclusion: Despite the importance of overweight and its implications on children's health, it has been found that there is still a paucity of studies in the literature showing an association of nutritional status with these factors.
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