Post-traumatic Epidermal Cyst on the Face: Case Report

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v9i9.7784

Keywords:

Facial asymmetry; Epidermal cyst; Facial injuries.

Abstract

The epidermal cyst (CE), also known as sebaceous cyst, is a lump similar to a lump, the same skin color, whitish, or yellowish, which has a variable size and can be single or multiple, with a hard, elastic consistency. fluctuation or pus when inflamed. They affect patients of any age, are benign and most common on the face, neck and trunk, although they can affect any region of the body. Occasionally, they cause pain and are reddish in color. The objective of this work is to report a clinical case of a patient who sought the service of Buco-maxillofacial surgery and traumatology at Hospital da Restauração, Recife-PE, with a history of swelling due to a cystic characteristic after local trauma, discussing thus, the diagnosis based on imaging and histopathological exams and its surgical treatment. C.E can represent a great risk to the patient's health, since it can generate significantly deleterious effects, ranging from large aesthetic defects to airway obstruction, which can promote death, if not handled correctly. Thus, it is necessary to emphasize the need for the surgeon's knowledge, so that in this way the diagnosis and treatment are effective and the patient is minimally affected by the morbidities of this pathological entity.

References

Azulay, R. D., & DR-Dermatologia, A. Z. U. L. A. Y. (2008). Guanabara Koogan.

Barbieri, R. L., Kajita, A. H., Galli, G. M., Mediotti, K. F., Figueiredo, P. A. C., Fontes, T. M., & de Fátima Parreira, S. (2006). Cisto epidermóide: relato de caso. ConScientiae Saúde, (5), 115-120.

Carvalho, C. F. (2009). Ultrassonografia Doppler em pequenos animais. São Paulo: Roca, 71-83.

Chen, B., Lu, H., Ren, C., Ma, L., Hu, X., Qi, H., & Gao, Z. (2017). Excision of sebaceous cyst by intraoral approach: A case report.

DAMM, D. D., & NEVILLE, B. W. (2009). Patologia oral e maxilofacial.

De Ponte, F. S., Brunelli, A., Marchetti, E., & Bottini, D. J. (2002). Sublingual epidermoid cyst. Journal of Craniofacial Surgery, 13(2), 308-310.

Heo, M. S., An, J. H., & Yang, J. W. (2012). Giant epidermal cyst of the periorbital area. Journal of Craniofacial Surgery, 23(1), e10-e12.

Kalgutkar, A., Kini, S., Jambhekar, N., & Das, S. (2006). Intradiploic primary epithelial inclusion cyst of the skull. Annals of diagnostic pathology, 10(1), 20-23.

Kandogan, T., Koç, M., Vardar, E., Selek, E., & Sezgin, Ö. (2007). Sublingual epidermoid cyst: a case report. Journal of Medical Case Reports, 1(1), 87.

Kang, S. G., Kim, C. H., Cho, H. K., Park, M. Y., Lee, Y. J., & Cho, M. K. (2011). Two cases of giant epidermal cyst occurring in the neck. Annals of dermatology, 23(Suppl 1), S135-S138.

Kim, J. C., & Hong, I. P. (2016). Rare Giant Upper Lip Epidermal Cyst in a Patient Wearing a Denture. Archives of craniofacial surgery, 17(4), 222.

Kim, K. T., Sun, H., & Chung, E. H. (2019). Comparison of complete surgical excision and minimally invasive excision using CO2 laser for removal of epidermal cysts on the face. Archives of craniofacial surgery, 20(2), 84.

Kini, Y. K., Kharkar, V. R., Rudagi, B. M., & Kalburge, J. V. (2013). An unusual occurrence of epidermoid cyst in the buccal mucosa: A case report with review of literature. Journal of maxillofacial and oral surgery, 12(1), 90-93.

López-Ríos, F., Rodríguez-Peralto, J. L., Castaño, E., & Benito, A. (1999). Squamous cell carcinoma arising in a cutaneous epidermal cyst: case report and literature review. The American journal of dermatopathology, 21(2), 174-177.

MacNeil, S. D., & Moxham, J. P. (2010). Review of floor of mouth dysontogenic cysts. Annals of Otology, Rhinology & Laryngology, 119(3), 165-173.

Mahalakshmi, S., Reddy, S., Ramamurthy, T. K., & Shilpa, B. (2016). Rare Locations of Epidermoid cyst: case reports and review. Ethiopian journal of health sciences, 26(6), 595.

Mathur, S. K., & Menon, P. R. N. (1980). Dermoid cyst of the tongue: report of a case. Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, 50(3), 217-218.

McGavran, M. H., & Binnington, B. (1966). Keratinous cysts of the skin. Identification and differentiation of pilar cysts from epidermal cysts. Archives of dermatology, 94(4), 499–508.

Neville, B. W., Damm, D. D., Allen, C. M., & Bouquot, J. E. (2002). Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology. 2nd, editor.

Ohishi, M., Ishii, T., Shinohara, M., & Horinouchi, Y. (1985). Dermoid cyst of the floor of the mouth: lateral teratoid cyst with sinus tract in an infant. Oral surgery, oral medicine, oral pathology, 60(2), 191-194.

Ozan, F., Polat, H. B., Ay, S., & Goze, F. (2007). Epidermoid cyst of the buccal mucosa: a case report. J Contemp Dent Pract, 8(3), 90-96.

Özer, E., Kanlıkama, M., Bayazıt, Y. A., Mumbuç, S., Sarı, İ., & Gök, A. (2003). A unique case of an epidermoid cyst of the pterygopalatine fossa and its management. International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology, 67(11), 1259-1261.

Park, T. W., Kim, J. K., & Kimb, J. R. (2013). Giant epidermal cyst in the posterior neck developing over 40 years: A case report. Experimental and therapeutic medicine, 7(1), 287-289.

Peker, E., Öğütlü, F., Karaca, İ. R., Gültekin, E. S., & Çakır, M. (2016). A 5 year retrospective study of biopsied jaw lesions with the assessment of concordance between clinical and histopathological diagnoses. Journal of oral and maxillofacial pathology: JOMFP, 20(1), 78.

Pereira-Santos, D., De Melo, W. M., Brêda Jr, M. A., Sonoda, C. K., & Hochuli-Vieira, E. (2013). Epidermal cyst causing facial asymmetry. Journal of Craniofacial Surgery, 24(2), e112-e114.

Shear, M., & Speight, P. (2008). Cysts of the oral and maxillofacial regions. John Wiley & Sons.

Ishida, M., Iwai, M., Kagotani, A., Iwamoto, N., & Okabe, H. (2014). Epidermal cyst of the skin with ossification: report of two cases. International journal of clinical and experimental pathology, 7(4), 1823.

Tancredi, A. R. C., Júnior, O. R., Higo, C. D., Pedron, I. G., & Júnior, C. A. L. (2006). CISTO EPIDERMÓIDE NA REGIÃO DE COMISSURA LABIAL: relato de caso. Archives of Oral Research, 2(4).

Turetschek, K., Hospodka, H., & Steiner, E. (1995). Epidermoid cyst of the floor of the mouth: diagnostic imaging by sonography, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. The British journal of radiology, 68(806), 205-207.

Xavier, P. N. I. (2010). Utilização da tomografia computadorizada Fan beam e tomografia computadorizada Cone beam na cirurgia Buco-Maxilo-Facial.

Zachariades, N., & Skoura-Kafoussia, C. (1990). A life-threatening epidermoid cyst of the floor of the mouth: report of a case. Journal of oral and maxillofacial surgery, 48(4), 400-403.

Zuber, T. J. (2002). Minimal excision technique for epidermoid (sebaceous) cysts. American family physician, 65(7), 1409.

Published

01/09/2020

How to Cite

Diniz, D. A., Mendonça, T. L. R. ., Pinto, P. S. ., Souza Júnior, F. A. de ., Barros, A. V. M. de, Nascimento, V. H. S. do ., Gonçalves , K. K. N. ., Silva, C. C. G. ., & Correia, A. V. L. . (2020). Post-traumatic Epidermal Cyst on the Face: Case Report: . Research, Society and Development, 9(9), e620997784. https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v9i9.7784

Issue

Section

Health Sciences