Accumulation and release of nutrients by cover crops in single cultivation, consortium and polyculture in the South Brazil Region

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v9i9.7870

Keywords:

Soil management; Nutrient cycling; Soil cover; No-tillage system.

Abstract

The objective of the work was to evaluate production and decomposition of biomass, accumulation and cycling of nutrients by single, intercropped or polyculture cover crops. The study was conducted in two experimental areas, at the Cedeteg Campus, characterized as a low fertility area, and a school farm, characterized as a high fertility area, belonging to UNICENTRO in Guarapuava, PR. The design used was randomized blocks, with 3 treatments and 4 repetitions, being the treatments: single cultivation, intercropping and polyculture of winter cover plants. Biomass production, accumulation of nutrients in biomass (N, P, K, Ca and Mg), C / N ratio, decomposition, and nutrient release were evaluated. For low fertility soils: single cultivation showed higher biomass production and concentration of P and K; for C/N ratio there was no difference; single and polyculture cultivation showed higher residual biomass at 120 days after management; single cultivation had a shorter half life time for most nutrients. For soils with high fertility: consortium and polycultures showed higher biomass production and Mg accumulation; polycultivation presented a greater accumulated amount of N, the consortium accumulated a greater amount of Ca; single cultivation presented a lower C/N ratio and a half life span for nutrients. Single cultivation has an aptitude for nutrient cycling and an increase in biomass in low fertility soils. For highly fertile soils, the consortium and polyculture are options for nutrient cycling and high biomass production.

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Published

06/09/2020

How to Cite

Camilo, E. L., Müller, M. M. L., Rampim, L., Camilo, M. L. ., Graffunder, W. R., Kulik, J. L., & Pott, C. A. (2020). Accumulation and release of nutrients by cover crops in single cultivation, consortium and polyculture in the South Brazil Region. Research, Society and Development, 9(9), e779997870. https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v9i9.7870

Issue

Section

Agrarian and Biological Sciences