Panorama of Orthodontics after COVID-19: A critical literature review




Coronavirus infections; Orthodontics; Dentistry.


A new Coronavirus (2019-nCov, renamed SARS-CoV-2) was identified in the Chinese city of Wuhan in late 2019, and was declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization, on March 11, 2020. As it is a highly infectious disease, major regional and national changes have been made, social isolation was recommended, which led to the interruption of various services, including elective dental treatments. This review aimed to identify the changes that occurred in the post-COVID-19 orthodontic practice scenario. For such, a search was made for articles published in the bibliographic bases PubMed, Scopus and SciELO, using the keywords “Orthodontics” and “Covid-19”. From the eligibility criteria, 11 articles were selected for analysis. It was found that social isolation impacted the scheduling of orthodontic appointments and patient’s anxiety about the duration of treatments. The use of teleodontology proved to be an ally in screening and in patient care. Preventive infection control must be adopted for safe orthodontic practice.


American Association of Orthodontists. (2020). COVID-19 Resources Orthodontists. Retrieved from https://www1.

Caprioglio, A., Pizzetti, G. B., Zecca, P. A., Fastuca, R., Maino, G., & Nanda, R. (2020). Management of orthodontic emergencies during 2019-NCOV. Progress in orthodontics, 21(1), 10.

Cotrin, P., Peloso, R. M., Oliveira, R. C., de Oliveira, R., Pini, N., Valarelli, F. P., & Freitas, K. (2020). Impact of coronavirus pandemic in appointments and anxiety/concerns of patients regarding orthodontic treatment. Orthodontics & craniofacial research, 10.1111/ocr.12395. Advance online publication.

Eliades, T., & Koletsi, D. (2020). Minimizing the aerosol-generating procedures in orthodontics in the era of a pandemic: Current evidence on the reduction of hazardous effects for the treatment team and patients. American journal of orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics : official publication of the American Association of Orthodontists, its constituent societies, and the American Board of Orthodontics, 158(3), 330–342.

Gorbalenya, A. E., Baker, S. C., Baric, R. S., de Groot, R. J., Drosten, C, Gulyaeva, A. A., et al. (2020). The species Severe acute respiratory syndrome- related coronavirus: classifying 2019-nCoV and naming it SARS-CoV-2. Nat Microbiol. 5, 536-44.

Guo, Y., Jing, Y., Wang, Y., To, A., Du, S., Wang, L., & Bai, D. (2020). Control of SARS-CoV-2 transmission in orthodontic practice. American journal of orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics: official publication of the American Association of Orthodontists, its constituent societies, and the American Board of Orthodontics, 158(3), 321–329.

Martina, S., Amato, A., Rongo, R., Caggiano, M., & Amato, M. (2020). The Perception of COVID-19 among Italian Dentists: An Orthodontic Point of View. International journal of environmental research and public health, 17(12), 4384.

Maspero, C., Abate, A., Cavagnetto, D., El Morsi, M., Fama, A., & Farronato, M. (2020). Available Technologies, Applications and Benefits of Teleorthodontics. A Literature Review and Possible Applications during the COVID-19 Pandemic. Journal of clinical medicine, 9(6), 1891.

Peloso, R. M., Pini, N. I. P., Sundfeld Neto, D., Mori, A. A., Oliveira, R. C. G., Valarelli, F. P. & Freitas, K. M. S. (2020). How does the quarantine resulting from COVID-19 impact dental appointments and patient anxiety levels?. Braz. oral res. 34: e84.

Sabino-Silva, R., Jardim, A., & Siqueira, W. L. (2020). Coronavirus COVID-19 impacts to dentistry and potential salivary diagnosis. Clinical oral investigations, 24(4), 1619–1621.

Saccomanno, S., Quinzi, V., Sarhan, S., Laganà, D., & Marzo, G. (2020). Perspectives of tele-orthodontics in the COVID-19 emergency and as a future tool in daily practice. European journal of paediatric dentistry, 21(2), 157–162.

Suri, S., Vandersluis, Y. R., Kochhar, A. S., Bhasin, R., & Abdallah, M. N. (2020). Clinical orthodontic management during the COVID-19 pandemic. The Angle orthodontist, 10.2319/033120-236.1. Advance online publication.

To, K. K., Tsang, O. T., Chik-Yan Yip, C. et al. (2020). Consistent detection of 2019 novel coronavirus in saliva. Clin Infect Dis, 71(15), 841-843.

Turkistani, K. A. (2020). Precautions and recommendations for orthodontic settings during the COVID19 outbreak: a review. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop.

World Health Organization. (2020). Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) Situation Report–22. Retrieved from https: //

World Health Organization. (2020). Novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV): situation report-11. Retrieved from ncov.pdf?sfvrsn5de7c0f7_4

Xiong, X., Wu, Y., Fang, X., Sun, W., Ding, Q., Yi, Y., Huang, Y., Gong, J., Liu, J., & Wang, J. (2020). Mental distress in orthodontic patients during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Advance online publication.

Zhu, N., Zhang, D., Wang, W., Li, X., Yang, B., Song, J., Zhao, X., Huang, B., Shi, W., Lu, R., Niu, P., Zhan, F., Ma, X., Wang, D., Xu, W., Wu, G., Gao, G. F., Tan, W., & China Novel Coronavirus Investigating and Research Team (2020). A Novel Coronavirus from Patients with Pneumonia in China, 2019. The New England journal of medicine, 382(8), 727–733.




How to Cite

Pires, A. C., Souza, S. L. X. de, & Cavalcanti, A. L. . (2020). Panorama of Orthodontics after COVID-19: A critical literature review. Research, Society and Development, 9(9), e924998103.



Health Sciences