The impact of a pandemic era and social isolation on mental health: a literature review

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v10i1.9726

Keywords:

Coronavirus; Mental health; Social isolation; Pandemic.

Abstract

Introduction: Due to the simultaneous increase in cases, deaths and countries affected by the new coronavirus, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared that the episode constituted a public health emergency of global importance. To mitigate the impacts of the pandemic, some countries have adopted the isolation of suspected cases, social distance, and quarantine for the entire population. Aparte de los impactos psicológicos que están directamente relacionados con COVID-19, especialmente cuando se trata de aislamiento social, las medidas para restringir la pandemia también pueden consistir en factores de riesgo para la salud mental. Objective: to describe the impacts on mental health in the midst of social isolation. Methodology: This study is a literature review carried out in the period of July 2020. The search for publications occurred via the Virtual Health Library, in the period of July 2020. Inclusion criteria were used: articles with full text in Portuguese, English and Spanish languages and published in the year 2020 and exclusion: repeated articles that do not answer the guiding question. Result and discussion: Of the 72 articles analyzed, 8 were selected for a thorough analysis of the study, after applying the inclusion and exclusion criteria. it was realized that there are countless negative psychological effects caused by the pandemic of the Covid-19. Uncertainty at the end of the quarantine, boredom due to confinement, fear of acquiring the infection, financial loss contribute to the increase in the number of cases of people who developed or worsened mental illnesses. Conclusion: We conclude the importance of creating action strategies to promote mental health for the population as a whole, since everyone is somehow experiencing a moment marked by tension, fear, insecurity and anxiety.

References

Brooks, S. K., Rebecca K Webster., Louise E Smith., Lisa Woodland., Simon Wessely., Neil Greenberg., (2020). The psychological impact of quarantine and how to reduce it: rapid review of the evidence. Department of Psychological Medicine, King’s College, 395-10227, Londres.

Cao, W., Ziwei Fang., Guoqiang Hou., Mei Han., Xinrong Xu., Jiaxin Dong., Jianzhong Zheng., (2020). The sychological impact of the COVID-19 epidemic on college students in China. Psychiatry Research, 287- 112934. China.

Depierro, J., Lowe, S., Katz, C. (2020) Lessons learned from. Mental health perspectives on the COVID-19 pandemic. Psychiatry Research, 288- 112934, Estados Unidos.

Ferguson N., Laydon, D., Nedjati Gilani, G., Imai, N., Ainslie, K., Baguelin, M., Baguelin, M., Boonyasiri, A., Cucunuba Perez, Z., Cuomo-Dannenburg, G., Dighe, A., Dorigatti, I., Fu, H., Gaythorpe, K., Green, W., Hamlet, A., Hinsley, W., Okell, L., Van Elsland, S., Thompson, H., Verity, R., Volz, E., Wang, H., Wang, Y., Walker, P., Walters, C., Winskill, P., Whittaker, C., Donnelly, C., Riley, S., Ghani, A., (2020). Impact of non-pharmaceutical interventions (INP) to reduce mortality from COVID19. Imperial College COVID-19 Response Team. 10-25561, Londres.

Fiorillo, A.; Gorwood (2020) P. The consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic on mental health and implications for clinical practice. European Psychiatry, 2020.35. Paris.

Greff, A.P. Melo, Bernardo Dolabella., Lima, Carolyne Cesar., Pereira, Daphne Rodrigues.,

Alves, Elaine G. R.., Cornejo, Elis Regina., Motoyama, Erika P., Serpeloni, Fernanda., Avanci, Joviana Quintes., Scavacini, Karen., Cescon, Luciana França., Cacciacarro, Mariana F., Souza e Souza, Michele., Magrin, Nicolly Papacidero., Silva Filho, Orli Carvalho da (2020) Saúde Mental e Atenção Psicossocial na Pandemia Covid-19. Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. 41-420. Brasil.

Jakovljevic, M., Bjedov, S., Jaksic, N., Jakovljevic, I. (2020) Covid-19 pandemia and public and global mental health from the perspective of global health security. Psychiatria Danubina, 32- 1614, Croácia.

Khan, S., Rabeea Siddique., Hongmin Li1., Ashaq Ali3., Muhammad Adnan Shereen4 ., Nadia Bashir., Mengzhou Xue.,(2020). Impact of coronavirus outbreak on psychological health. Electronic supplementary material: The online version of this article contains supplementary material, 10- 010331 China.

Klamek, AB., Anat Brunstein., (2020) Suicide prevention during the COVID-19 outbreak. The lancet, 32-353271Israel.

Martins, D.S. et al. (2020). Da proximidade ao distanciamento social: desafios de sustentar a lógica da atenção psicossocial em tempos de pandemia. Relato de experiência do Centro de Atenção Psicossocial Infantil - CAPSi Asa Norte no Distrito Federal. Health Residencies Journal, 11- 2020. Brasil.

MarÞinko, D., Miro Jakovljević., Nenad Jakšić., Sarah Bjedov.,Aleksandra Mindoljević Drakulić., (2020) The importance of psychodynamic approach during covid-19 pandemic. Psychiatria Danubina, 32-11525. Croácia.

Whittemore R, Knafl K. The integrative review: update methodology. J Adv Nurs. 2005;52(5):546-53

CHMIDT, Beatriz, CREPALDI, Maria Aparecida, BOLZE, Simone Dill Azeredo, NEIVA-SILVA, Lucas, & DEMENECH, Lauro Miranda. (2020). Saúde mental e intervenções psicológicas diante da pandemia do novo coronavírus (COVID-19). Estudos de Psicologia (Campinas), 37-200063. Campinas

Shojaei, B., Masoum, M. A., IN PRESS, Azeredo, S. D., Neiva-Silva, L. & Demenech, L. M. (2020). Mental health and psychological interventions in the face of the new coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19). Psychology Studies 37-200063. Campinas

Singhal, T. A (2020) Review of coronavius Disease (COVID-19). Indian J Pediatr 87, 281–286. Chin.

Souza, M. T., Silva, M. D., Carvalho, R (2010). Revisão integrativa: o que é e como fazer 81-1026. São Paulo.

Xiang, A., Bahiano, M. de A., Nakano, T. de C., Reis, C., Silva, B. F. Pereira da, & Vitti, L. Santos. (2020). Covid-19 and mental health: the emergence of care. Psychology Studies 37-200074.Campinas

Published

13/01/2021

How to Cite

BASTOS, T. B. B. F. .; SOUSA , T. de O. .; TORRES , A. K. L. .; CARDOSO, H. A. .; SANTOS, A. L. dos .; NASCIMENTO , C. E. M. do .; SOARES, F. A. de F. . The impact of a pandemic era and social isolation on mental health: a literature review. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 10, n. 1, p. e2891019726, 2021. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v10i1.9726. Disponível em: https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/9726. Acesso em: 20 jan. 2021.

Issue

Section

Health Sciences