Effects of Pilates exercises on muscle function, pelvic alignment, and painful intensity from subjects with chronic nonspecific low back pain: preliminary study
Keywords:Exercise movement techniques; Exercise therapy; Muscle strength; Hip joint; Pain.
Introduction: The Pilates method has been indicated as a viable alternative for the treatment of people with nonspecific chronic low back pain (NSCLBP). A possible hypothesis lies in the improvement of the resistance of the muscles of the lumbar-pelvic complex (core) associated with the reduction of the painful sensation in this population. Objective: To evaluate the effect of a therapeutic intervention based on the Pilates method on the hip and trunk muscle function, pelvic alignment, core resistance and painful intensity of individuals with NSCLBP. Methodology: This is a study of nine cases of both sexes (five men) who participated in a 9-week intervention based on the Pilates method on the ground and with equipment’s. The intervention progressed over the weeks from basic to intermediate and advanced exercise levels. Three weekly sessions lasting 60 minutes were performed, and the exercise prescription was individually. Before the intervention, muscular resistance, lumbopelvic alignment and painful sensation were evaluated. Results: Significant clinical results were found for all variables at the end of the intervention. Interestingly, it was observed that the improvement of the pelvic alignment on the left side was associated with the reduction of painful sensation. Conclusion: The nine-week therapeutic intervention of the Pilates method was efficient for core muscle strength increases, for improving the biomechanical alignment of the pelvis and trunk as well as for reducing the painful perception in individuals with NSCLBP.
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Copyright (c) 2021 Bruna Angela Antonelli; Jefferson Cesar Bezerra Lima; Geovani Alves dos Santos; Everaldo Ramos de Jesus Júnior; Simone Ferreira Lôbo; Camila Almeida Sá; Manoel Pereira Guimarães; Bruno Bavaresco Gambassi; Clécio de Lima Lopes; Neydson André Solposto Marques de Souza; Rita di Cássia de Oliveira Angelo; Paulo Adriano Schwingel
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