Physical and chemical evaluation of extracted peanut oil (arachis hypogaea)

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v10i1.12011

Keywords:

Oilseed; Vegetable oil; Solvent extraction; Quality control; Polyunsaturated.

Abstract

The oil extracted from the peanut seed has beneficial health properties as it is antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and prevents coronary heart disease. Despite this quality, improper processing and storage can cause degradation such as lipid oxidation due to its polyunsaturation. The work aimed to evaluate the physical and chemical characteristics of oil extracted from peanuts and commercial peanut oil. The extraction and analysis of the acidity index, % of Free Fatty Acids (AGL), peroxide index and oil iodine index were carried out in the laboratories of the Federal Institute of Piauí (IFPI), Teresina Central campus. The peanut oil was extracted with hexane, using the Bligh & Dyer method and the commercialized peanut oil was obtained in the local market. The oil extracted by the two methods had the oil-chemical indexes within that recommended by the legislation while the industrialized oil was above the standard. The most efficient extraction method was Bligh & Dyer, demonstrating that the extraction method interferes with the physicochemical characteristics and oil yield.

Author Biography

Vera Lúcia Viana do Nascimento, Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia do Piauí

Possui graduação em Nutrição pela Universidade Federal do Piauí (1989). Especialização em Alimentos e
Nutrição e em Nutrição Clínica pela Universidade Federal do Piauí. Especialização em Ensino de Ciências Naturais
pela Universidade Estadual do Piauí. Especialização em Saúde Pública pela Universidade de Ribeirão Preto.
Mestrado em Genética e Toxicologia Aplicada pela Universidade Luterana do Brasil - ULBRA, Doutora em
Biotecnologia, na área de concentração em Biotecnologia Industrial pela Universidade Federal do Ceará - UFC.
Atualmente é professora titular do Instituto Federal do Piauí - IFPI

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Published

25/01/2021

How to Cite

OLIVEIRA, A. M. S. de .; SANTOS, J. C. E. .; SILVA, E. F. da .; BERMÚDEZ, V. M. S.; NASCIMENTO, V. L. V. do. Physical and chemical evaluation of extracted peanut oil (arachis hypogaea). Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 10, n. 1, p. e49710112011, 2021. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v10i1.12011. Disponível em: https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/12011. Acesso em: 26 feb. 2021.

Issue

Section

Agrarian and Biological Sciences