Influence of different polishing and aging periods on the surface roughness of composite resins

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v10i4.14305

Keywords:

Composite resin; Dental polishing; Aging; Dental restoration failure; Permanent dental restoration; Operative dentistry.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of the polishing period on surface roughness (Ra) before and after thermal aging in four composite resins - CR (Durafill VS, Vittra APS, Filtek Z350XT and Spectra Smart). This in vitro study evaluated: (1) CR in 4 levels; (2) polishing period (PP) in three levels (immediate, 7 and 14 days) and (3) artificial aging in two levels: without aging and after 10,000 cycles. For this, 240 CR specimens were allocated into 12 groups (n=20) according to PP with SofLex Pop On disks.  For Ra, 3 measurements on the top surface of each specimen were performed with a diamond tip and constant load of 4mN and 0.25mm/s. Next, the specimens were aged in thermocycling, with temperatures of 5° and 55°C, during 30 seconds in each temperature, and repeated testing afterwards. The data were submitted to statistical tests with 5% significance. The alteration in Ra was observed only in the late polishing in the period of 7 days, where the Durafill VS CR showed higher Ra in comparison to the other CRs. After thermocycling, the groups showed significant difference only with late polishing in the 21-day period; the nanoparticulated RCs (Z350XT˂Vittra APS) recorded the highest Ra values, followed by the microhybrid (DurafillVS) and nanohybrid (Spectra Smart) RCs, respectively. Thus, late polishing in the 7-day and immediate period provided higher Ra values, especially for the nanohybrid and microhybrid composite resins.

References

Alonso, V., Darriba, I. L., & Caserío, M. (2017). Retrospective evaluation of posterior composite resin sandwich restorations with Herculite XRV: 18-year findings. Quintessence Int, 48(2), 93-101. doi:10.3290/j.qi.a37386

Asmussen, E., & Jorgensen, K. D. (1972). A microscopic investigation of the adaptation of some plastic filling materials to dental cavity walls. Acta Odontol Scand, 30(1), 3-21. doi:10.3109/00016357209004588

Babina, K., Polyakova, M., Sokhova, I., Doroshina, V., Arakelyan, M., & Novozhilova, N. (2020). The Effect of Finishing and Polishing Sequences on The Surface Roughness of Three Different Nanocomposites and Composite/Enamel and Composite/Cementum Interfaces. Nanomaterials (Basel), 10(7). doi:10.3390/nano10071339

Bansal K, Gupta S, Nikhil V, Jaiswal S, Jain A & Aggarwal N (2019) Effect of different finishing and polishing systems on the surface roughness of the composite resin and enamel: a study of scanning electron microscopy and in vitro profilometry. Int J Appl Basic Med Res. 9(3):154-158

Chung, K. H. (1994). Effects of finishing and polishing procedures on the surface texture of resin composites. Dent Mater, 10(5), 325-330. doi:10.1016/0109-5641(94)90041-8

da Silva, J. M., da Rocha, D. M., Travassos, A. C., Fernandes, V. V., Jr., & Rodrigues, J. R. (2010). Effect of different finishing times on surface roughness and maintenance of polish in nanoparticle and microhybrid composite resins. Eur J Esthet Dent, 5(3), 288-298.

de Morais, R. C., Garcia Lda, F., Cruvinel, D. R., & Panzeri Pires-de-Souza Fde, C. (2015). Color Stability and Surface Roughness of Composite submitted to Different Types and Periods of Finishing/Polishing: Physical Properties of Composites. J Contemp Dent Pract, 16(7), 565-570. doi:10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1723

Dhananjaya KM, Vadavadagi SV, Almalki AS, Verma T, Arora S, Kumar NN (2019) In vitro analysis of different polishing systems on color stability and surface roughness of nanocomposite resins. J Contemp Dent Pract 20(11):1335-1338

Duarte, S., Jr., & Saad, J. R. (2008). Marginal adaptation of Class 2 adhesive restorations. Quintessence Int, 39(5), 413-419.

Freitas, F., Pinheiro de Melo, T., Delgado, A. H., Monteiro, P., Rua, J., Proença, L.& Mendes, J. J. (2020). Varying the Polishing Protocol Influences the Color Stability and Surface Roughness of Bulk-Fill Resin-Based Composites. J Funct Biomater, 12(1). doi:10.3390/jfb12010001

Gönülol, N., & Yilmaz, F. (2012). The effects of finishing and polishing techniques on surface roughness and color stability of nanocomposites. J Dent, 40 Suppl 2, e64-70. doi:10.1016/j.jdent.2012.07.005

Hassan, A. M., Nabih, S. M., Mossa, H. M., & Baroudi, K. (2015). The effect of three polishing systems on surface roughness of flowable, microhybrid, and packable resin composites. J Int Soc Prev Community Dent, 5(3), 242-247. doi:10.4103/2231-0762.159965

Kaminedi, R. R., Penumatsa, N. V., Priya, T., & Baroudi, K. (2014). The influence of finishing/polishing time and cooling system on surface roughness and microhardness of two different types of composite resin restorations. J Int Soc Prev Community Dent, 4(Suppl 2), S99-s104. doi:10.4103/2231-0762.146211

Kocaagaoglu, H., Aslan, T., Gürbulak, A., Albayrak, H., Taşdemir, Z., & Gumus, H. (2017). Efficacy of polishing kits on the surface roughness and color stability of different composite resins. Niger J Clin Pract, 20(5), 557-565. doi:10.4103/1119-3077.181387

Lu, H., Roeder, L. B., Lei, L., & Powers, J. M. (2005). Effect of surface roughness on stain resistance of dental resin composites. J Esthet Restor Dent, 17(2), 102-108; discussion 109. doi:10.1111/j.1708-8240.2005.tb00094.x

Opdam, N. J., van de Sande, F. H., Bronkhorst, E., Cenci, M. S., Bottenberg, P., Pallesen, U., . . . van Dijken, J. W. (2014). Longevity of posterior composite restorations: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Dent Res, 93(10), 943-949. doi:10.1177/0022034514544217

Pallesen, U., & van Dijken, J. W. (2015). A randomized controlled 27 years follow up of three resin composites in Class II restorations. J Dent, 43(12), 1547-1558. doi:10.1016/j.jdent.2015.09.003

Schmitt, V. L., Puppin-Rontani, R. M., Naufel, F. S., Nahsan, F. P., Alexandre Coelho Sinhoreti, M., & Baseggio, W. (2011). Effect of the polishing procedures on color stability and surface roughness of composite resins. ISRN Dent, 2011, 617672. doi:10.5402/2011/617672

Soliman, H. A. N., Elkholany, N. R., Hamama, H. H., El-Sharkawy, F. M., Mahmoud, S. H., & Comisi, J. C. (2020). Effect of Different Polishing Systems on the Surface Roughness and Gloss of Novel Nanohybrid Resin Composites. Eur J Dent. doi:10.1055/s-0040-1718477

Tuncer, D., Karaman, E., & Firat, E. (2013). Does the temperature of beverages affect the surface roughness, hardness, and color stability of a composite resin? Eur J Dent, 7(2), 165-171. doi:10.4103/1305-7456.110161

Turssi, C. P., Saad, J. R., Duarte, S. L., Jr., & Rodrigues, A. L., Jr. (2000). Composite surfaces after finishing and polishing techniques. Am J Dent, 13(3), 136-138.

Venturini D, Cenci MS, Demarco FF, Camacho GB & Powers JM (2006) Effect of polishing techniques and time on surface roughness, hardness and microleakage of resin composite restorations. Oper Dent 31 (1): 11-7

Yap, A. U., Yap, S. H., Teo, C. K., & Ng, J. J. (2004). Finishing/polishing of composite and compomer restoratives: effectiveness of one-step systems. Oper Dent, 29(3), 275-279.

Yazici AR, Tuncer D, Antonson S, Onen A & Kilinc E (2010) Effects of Delayed Finishing/Polishing on Surface Roughness, Hardness and Gloss of Tooth-Coloured Restorative Materials. Eur J Dent.; 4(1): 50–56.

Downloads

Published

10/04/2021

How to Cite

OKIDA, R. C. .; HOSHINO, I. A. E. .; ROMANINI, L. P. .; FONTES, A. M. .; BUENO ESTEVES, L. M.; ANCHIETA, R. B. . Influence of different polishing and aging periods on the surface roughness of composite resins . Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 10, n. 4, p. e27310414305, 2021. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v10i4.14305. Disponível em: https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/14305. Acesso em: 7 may. 2021.

Issue

Section

Health Sciences