Burnout Syndrome in Medicine teachers: A systematic review

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v10i6.15578

Keywords:

Burnout, Professional; Faculty, Medical; Health on Education.

Abstract

Objective: To identify the prevalence and risk factors for the development of Burnout syndrome (BS) in medical professors, as well as their reflexes on quality of life. Methods: This is a systematic review of the prevalence of BS in medical professors. The present study was based on the methodological principles for searching for articles in the electronic databases: LILACS, PubMed, SciELO and the Google Scholar platform, with a 10-year time cut (2011-2021). The following descriptors were used to track articles indexed in the databases: “Burnout, Professional” and “Faculty, Medical”. Results: Were included 15 articles, in Portuguese, English and Spanish. The articles address the prevalence, consequences, risk factors and protective factors for BS in medical professors. Conclusion: BS, in general, has a high prevalence among medical professors. Studies show that medical school teachers are in a relatively vulnerable condition for mental exhaustion, as they are exposed to several risk factors for the development of BS. Thus, they are related to increased emotional exhaustion and depersonalization, resulting in less professional achievement. In addition, it was possible to establish a negative correlation between Burnout and the quality of life of medical professors. However, greater methodological standardization and more studies in the area are necessary in order to better establish the impact of this problem on the teaching-learning process and / or the definition of strategies for preventing teachers' mental illness.

References

Caixeta, N. C. et al (2021). A síndrome de Burnout entre as profissões e suas consequências/Burnout. Brazilian Journal of Health Review, v. 4, n. 1, p. 593–610, 2021.

Dias, K. M. et al (2019). Prevalência da síndrome de Burnout em professores do curso de medicina de uma faculdade particular de Belo Horizonte. Revista Interdisciplinar de Ciências Médicas, v. 3, n. 2, p. 42–47, 2019.

Dos Santos, N. P. et al (2016). Docência universitária e o estresse: estressores nos cursos de enfermagem e medicina. Revista de Enfermagem da UFSM, v. 6, n. 1, p. 61, 2016.

Duke, N. N. et al (2020). Institutional Factors Associated With Burnout Among Assistant Professors. Teaching and Learning in Medicine, v. 32, n. 1, p. 61–70, 2020.

Gomes, I. S., & Caminha, I. D. O. (2014). Guide to systematic review of studies: An option for the methodology of human movement sciences. Movimento, 20(1), 395–411. https://doi.org/10.22456/1982-8918.41542

Gonçalves, T. B. et al (2011). Prevalência de síndrome de Burnout em professores médicos de uma universidade pública em Belém do Pará. Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Trabalho, v. 9, n. 2, p. 85–89, 2011.

Junior, A. G. B. et al (2017). Relação entre a síndrome de burnout e a prática docente médica. Unimontes científica, 2017.

Koche, J. C. (2011). Fundamentos de metodologia científica.

Lima, L. DE et al (2019). Prevalência de síndrome de Burnout em professores médicos de instituição de ensino superior da Paraíba. v. 19, p. 299–311, 2019.

Ludke, M. & Andre, M. E . D. A. (2013). Pesquisas em educação: uma abordagem qualitativa. São Paulo: E.P.U.

Mendonça, V. L. G. DE et al (2012). Síndrome de Burnout em médicos docentes de uma instituição pública. Psicologia em Pesquisa, v. 6, n. 2, p. 90–100, 2012.

Nazari, H. et al (2016). The Prevalence of Job Stress and its Relationship with Burnout Syndrome among the Academic Members of Lorestan University of Medical Sciences. Journal of Caring Sciences, v. 5, n. 1, p. 75–84, 2016.

Pereira A. S. et al. (2018). Metodologia da pesquisa científica. [free e-book]. Santa Maria/RS. Ed. UAB/NTE/UFSM.

Pereira, R. C. et al (2019). Síndrome de Burnout em professores de medicina: revisão sistemática. EDaPECI, v. 18, n. 3, p. 115–126, 2019.

Popa-Velea, O. et al (2019). Factors associated with burnout in medical academia: An exploratory analysis of Romanian and Moldavian physicians. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, v. 16, n. 13, p. 10–14, 2019.

Portilho, J. P. et al (2011). Posibles manifestaciones de síndrome de Burnout en docentes catedráticos e ocasionales de los programas de medicina y trabajo social de una universidad del eje cafetero - Colombia. n. 22, p. 1–7, 2011.

Silva, L. C. N. DA et al (2020). Sindrome de Burnout entre Docentes de um Centro Universitário do Acre. ID on line REVISTA DE PSICOLOGIA, v. 14, n. 50, p. 1271–1281, 2020.

Tijdink, J. K. et al (2014). Emotional exhaustion and burnout among medical professors; A nationwide survey. BMC Medical Education, v. 14, n. 1, p. 1–7, 2014.

Yao, S. M. et al (2015). Job-Related Burnout and the Relationship to Quality of Life among Chinese Medical College Staff. Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health, v. 70, n. 1, p. 27–34, 2015.

Yin, R.K. (2015). O estudo de caso. Porto Alegre: Bookman

Published

18/05/2021

How to Cite

GOMES, M. V.; MAIA, J. L. F. Burnout Syndrome in Medicine teachers: A systematic review. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 10, n. 6, p. e12710615578, 2021. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v10i6.15578. Disponível em: https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/15578. Acesso em: 15 jun. 2021.

Issue

Section

Health Sciences