The food system and food environments in food and nutrition security: A look at the Mozambican reality, Sussundenga district

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v10i6.15774

Keywords:

Food systems; Food environments; Food and nutrition security.

Abstract

The study of the food system does not find an explanation only in the logic of production or nutritional needs. In this context, this article aimed to describe food systems, including food environments, seeking to understand their possible influences on food and nutrition security (FNS). This is a case study, of a descriptive character, with a qualitative approach, carried out in the district of Sussundenga in Mozambique. The design of the work was carried out by systematic observation with a field diary and a talking map, involving the communities of Sussundenga-headquarters, Munhinga and Chidowa, as a basis for an explanatory model of the interactions and influences between the various variables. The results show that the food system, in geophysical and environmental components, with emphasis on climate change, may be one of the components that can most affect the FNS of communities, including food environments. In turn, the analysis of food environments has shown that the environment on public roads may present greater risks to human health, especially to children, partly due to issues related to the exposure of food in poor hygienic conditions, susceptible to causing diseases transmitted with symptoms of dehydration due to vomiting and diarrhea, when food is consumed under the conditions in which it is marketed. Thus, strategies and actions are needed to improve food systems, emphasizing the population's awareness and resilience, as well as the empowerment of women to improve food choices with a view to promoting health and preventing diseases, through quality. nutrition and food safety.

Author Biographies

Pedro Fernando Chimela Chume, Universidade Zambeze

Professor Auxiliar na Universidade Zambeze (Moçambique), onde já foi Diretor da Faculdade de Ciências Agrárias, e atualmente desempenha as funções de Diretor Pedagógico. Doutor em Química (1996) pela Universitat Rostock (Alemanha).

Bárbara Cassetari Sugizaki, Universidade Estadual Paulista

Bacharelada em Gastronomia pela Universidade Federal do Ceará; Mestranda pelo Programa de Alimentos e Nutrição da UNESP, Campus de Araraquara.

Najla de Oliveira Cardozo, Universidade Estadual Paulista

Graduada em Nutição pela Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP), e mestranda no Programa de Alimentos e Nutrição pela UNESP, Campus de Araraquara.

Maria Rita Marques de Oliveira, Universidade Estadual Paulista

Professora no Departamento de Ciências de Alimentação e Nutrição, no Instituto de Bicociências de Botucatu, Universidade Estadual Paulista "Júlio de Mesquita Filho" e Professpra no programa de Pós-Graduação em Alimentos e Nutrição, UNESP, campus de Ararquara. Coordenadora do INTERSSAN.

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Published

31/05/2021

How to Cite

BUANANGO, M. A.; CHUME, P. F. C. . .; SUGIZAKI, B. C.; CARDOZO, N. de O.; OLIVEIRA, M. R. M. de. The food system and food environments in food and nutrition security: A look at the Mozambican reality, Sussundenga district. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 10, n. 6, p. e31810615774, 2021. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v10i6.15774. Disponível em: https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/15774. Acesso em: 14 jun. 2021.

Issue

Section

Health Sciences