Characterization of artisanal vinegar produced with apple peel

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v10i9.17865

Keywords:

Family farming; Fruit; Reuse; Agro-industrial waste.

Abstract

Vinegar can be produced from any source of carbohydrate, fruit, starchy or sugary substrate through two successive fermentations, the alcoholic one carried out by yeasts and the acetic one by bacteria. The production of fruit vinegar as a way to use fruit by-products is an option widely used by the food industry. The present research produced and characterized a vinegar made from apple peel. The fermentation process used apple peel with culture medium, maceration through a 10% hydroalcoholic solution at a temperature between 27 ± 1 ° C with irrigation 3 (three) times a day, without aeration for 12 days. Physicochemical determinations of volatile acidity, pH and alcohol content at 20 °C were carried out. Analysis of variance ANOVA and Tukey's test at 5% identified differences between commercial apple cider vinegar and artisanal apple peel vinegar. The vinegar produced with apple peel presented results within the established by Brazilian legislation. The relationship between physicochemical variables and artisanal and industrial vinegars were studied by Principal Component Analysis (PCA). With 2 components, more than 99.98% of the explained variability was obtained. Vinegar produced with apple peel has the physical chemical parameters, acidity and alcohol content within the recommended by legislation, physical-chemical characteristics similar to those produced industrially and suitable for consumption as commercial vinegars.

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Published

19/07/2021

How to Cite

VIROLI, S. L. M.; VIROLI, S. G. .; CARVALHO, N. P. .; ALVES, T. T. .; LEITE, L. T. .; SOUSA, Y. P. .; BERNARDI, D. P. da S. .; ARAÚJO, T. L. .; LANÇA, A. C.; SILVA, F. de P. e . Characterization of artisanal vinegar produced with apple peel. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 10, n. 9, p. e1110917865, 2021. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v10i9.17865. Disponível em: https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/17865. Acesso em: 25 sep. 2021.

Issue

Section

Exact and Earth Sciences