Could meditation make part of psychiatric treatment?
Keywords:Meditation; Spirituality; Life quality; Mental illness; Psychiatry.
This is an integrative review relating the effects of meditation in the brain and its possible use as preventive alternative medicine and an adjuvant in the psychiatric treatment. Studies have associated meditation and spirituality with increased life quality for being linked to emotional control and self-preservation behaviors, such as ethical practices, emotional regulation, attention improvement, stress and anxiety reduction and cognitive functions improvement in a general fashion, which is also evidenced by studies that analyzed morphological changes in correlated brain areas. This work proposes an integrative review in order to prove the hypothesis that meditation could be used as a practice in alternative and preventive medicine aiming to diminish the harmful effects of diseases and psychopathologies in general.
Angerami-Camon, V. A. (compilador)(2008). Psicologia e Religiao. Revista Latinoamericana de Psicología, 40(3), 567-570.
Barnhofer, T., Crane, C., Hargus, E., Amarasinghe, M., Winder, R., & Williams, J. M. G. (2009). Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy as a treatment for chronic depression: A preliminary study. Behaviour research and therapy, 47(5), 366-373.
Barricelli, I. D. L. F. O., Sakumoto, I. K. Y., Silva, L. H. M. D., & Araujo, C. V. D. (2012). Influência da orientação religiosa na qualidade de vida de idosos ativos. Revista Brasileira de Geriatria e Gerontologia, 15, 505-515.
Benor, D. (1992). Lessons from spiritual healing research & practice. Subtle Energies & Energy Medicine Journal Archives, 3(1).
Boccia, M., Piccardi, L., & Guariglia, P. (2015). The meditative mind: a comprehensive meta-analysis of MRI studies. BioMed research international, 2015.
Bostock, S., Crosswell, A. D., Prather, A. A., & Steptoe, A. (2019). Mindfulness on-the-go: Effects of a mindfulness meditation app on work stress and well-being. Journal of occupational health psychology, 24(1), 127.
Bowker, J., & Bowker, J. W. (1975). Problems of Suffering in Religions of the World. Cambridge University Press.
Brewer, J. A., Worhunsky, P. D., Gray, J. R., Tang, Y. Y., Weber, J., & Kober, H. (2011). Meditation experience is associated with differences in default mode network activity and connectivity. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 108(50), 20254-20259.
Byrd, R. C. (1988). Positive therapeutic effects of intercessory prayer in a coronary care unit population.
Carlson, L. E., Speca, M., Patel, K. D., & Goodey, E. (2003). Mindfulness-based stress reduction in relation to quality of life, mood, symptoms of stress, and immune parameters in breast and prostate cancer outpatients. Psychosomatic medicine, 65(4), 571-581.
Chen, F., Lv, X., Fang, J., Yu, S., Sui, J., Fan, L., & Jiang, T. (2015). The effect of body–mind relaxation meditation induction on major depressive disorder: A resting-state fMRI study. Journal of affective disorders, 183, 75-82.
Comstock, G. W., & Partridge, K. B. (1972). Church attendance and health. Journal of chronic diseases, 25(12), 665-672.
Condon, P., Desbordes, G., Miller, W. B., & DeSteno, D. (2013). Meditation increases compassionate responses to suffering. Psychological science, 24(10), 2125-2127.
Dalgalarrondo, P. (2018). Psicopatologia e semiologia dos transtornos mentais. Artmed Editora.
Davidson, R. J., Kabat-Zinn, J., Schumacher, J., Rosenkranz, M., Muller, D., Santorelli, S. F., & Sheridan, J. F. (2003). Alterations in brain and immune function produced by mindfulness meditation. Psychosomatic medicine, 65(4), 564-570.
de Freitas Melo, C., Sampaio, I. S., de Abreu Souza, D. L., & dos Santos Pinto, N. (2015). Correlação entre religiosidade, espiritualidade e qualidade de vida: uma revisão de literatura. Estudos e Pesquisas em Psicologia, 15(2), 447-464.
Ellison, C. G., & George, L. K. (1994). Religious involvement, social ties, and social support in a southeastern community. Journal for the scientific study of religion, 46-61.
Ellison, C. G., & Taylor, R. J. (1996). Turning to prayer: Social and situational antecedents of religious coping among African Americans. Review of Religious Research, 111-131.
Farris, J. R., & Sathler-Rosa, R. (2011). Religião salugênica e religião patogênica: uma aproximação à luz da psicologia. Revista Pistis Praxis, 3(2), 361-382.
Fleck, M. P. D. A., Borges, Z. N., Bolognesi, G., & Rocha, N. S. D. (2003). Desenvolvimento do WHOQOL, módulo espiritualidade, religiosidade e crenças pessoais. Revista de Saúde Pública, 37, 446-455.
Fox, K. C., Nijeboer, S., Dixon, M. L., Floman, J. L., Ellamil, M., Rumak, S. P., & Christoff, K. (2014). Is meditation associated with altered brain structure? A systematic review and meta-analysis of morphometric neuroimaging in meditation practitioners. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 43, 48-73.
Funderburk, J. O. (1977). Science studies yoga: A review of physiological data. Himalayan International Institute of Yoga Science & Philosophy of USA.
Goldin, P. R., & Gross, J. J. (2010). Effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) on emotion regulation in social anxiety disorder. Emotion, 10(1), 83.
Gothe, N. P., Khan, I., Hayes, J., Erlenbach, E., & Damoiseaux, J. S. (2019). Yoga effects on brain health: a systematic review of the current literature. Brain Plasticity, 5(1), 105-122.
González-Valero, G., Zurita-Ortega, F., Ubago-Jiménez, J. L., & Puertas-Molero, P. (2019). Use of meditation and cognitive behavioral therapies for the treatment of stress, depression and anxiety in students. A systematic review and meta-analysis. International journal of environmental research and public health, 16(22), 4394.
Grant, J. A., & Rainville, P. (2009). Pain sensitivity and analgesic effects of mindful states in Zen meditators: a cross-sectional study. Psychosomatic medicine, 71(1), 106-114.
Hölzel, B. K., Ott, U., Hempel, H., Hackl, A., Wolf, K., Stark, R., & Vaitl, D. (2007). Differential engagement of anterior cingulate and adjacent medial frontal cortex in adept meditators and non-meditators. Neuroscience letters, 421(1), 16-21.
Idler, E. L. (1987). Religious involvement and the health of the elderly: Some hypotheses and an initial test. Social Forces, 66(1), 226-238.
Ionson, E., Limbachia, J., Rej, S., Puka, K., Newman, R. I., Wetmore, S., & Vasudev, A. (2019). Effects of Sahaj Samadhi meditation on heart rate variability and depressive symptoms in patients with late-life depression. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 214(4), 218-224.
Ives-Deliperi, V. L., Howells, F., Stein, D. J., Meintjes, E. M., & Horn, N. (2013). The effects of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy in patients with bipolar disorder: a controlled functional MRI investigation. Journal of affective disorders, 150(3), 1152-1157.
Jacobs, T. L., Epel, E. S., Lin, J., Blackburn, E. H., Wolkowitz, O. M., Bridwell, D. A., ... & Saron, C. D. (2011). Intensive meditation training, immune cell telomerase activity, and psychological mediators. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 36(5), 664-681.
Jha, A. P., Stanley, E. A., Kiyonaga, A., Wong, L., & Gelfand, L. (2010). Examining the protective effects of mindfulness training on working memory capacity and affective experience. Emotion, 10(1), 54.
Kang, D. H., Jo, H. J., Jung, W. H., Kim, S. H., Jung, Y. H., Choi, C. H., & Kwon, J. S. (2013). The effect of meditation on brain structure: cortical thickness mapping and diffusion tensor imaging. Social cognitive and affective neuroscience, 8(1), 27-33.
Kober, H., Buhle, J., Weber, J., Ochsner, K. N., & Wager, T. D. (2019). Let it be: mindful acceptance down-regulates pain and negative emotion. Social cognitive and affective neuroscience, 14(11), 1147-1158.
Koenig, H. G., Kvale, J. N., & Ferrel, C. (1988). Religion and well-being in later life. The gerontologist, 28(1), 18-28.
Krisanaprakornkit, T., Ngamjarus, C., Witoonchart, C., & Piyavhatkul, N. (2010). Meditation therapies for attention‐deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, (6).
Kuyken, W., Byford, S., Taylor, R. S., Watkins, E., Holden, E., White, K., & Teasdale, J. D. (2008). Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy to prevent relapse in recurrent depression. Journal of consulting and clinical psychology, 76(6), 966.
Kwak, S., Lee, T. Y., Jung, W. H., Hur, J. W., Bae, D., Hwang, W. J., ... & Kwon, J. S. (2019). The immediate and sustained positive effects of meditation on resilience are mediated by changes in the resting brain. Frontiers in human neuroscience, 13, 101.
Larouche, E., Hudon, C., & Goulet, S. (2015). Potential benefits of mindfulness-based interventions in mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's disease: an interdisciplinary perspective. Behavioural brain research, 276, 199-212.
Levin, J. (2003). Deus, fé e saúde. Editora Cultrix.
Levin, J. S., & Schiller, P. L. (1987). Is there a religious factor in health? Journal of Religion and Health, 26(1), 9-36.
Levin, J. S., & Vanderpool, H. Y. (1987). Is frequent religious attendance really conducive to better health?: Toward an epidemiology of religion. Social Science & Medicine, 24(7), 589-600.
Lutz, A., Slagter, H. A., Dunne, J. D., & Davidson, R. J. (2008). Attention regulation and monitoring in meditation. Trends in cognitive sciences, 12(4), 163-169.
MacLean, K. A., Ferrer, E., Aichele, S. R., Bridwell, D. A., Zanesco, A. P., Jacobs, T. L., & Saron, C. D. (2010). Intensive meditation training improves perceptual discrimination and sustained attention. Psychological science, 21(6), 829-839.
Medeiros, B. (2010). A relação entre religiosidade, culpa e avaliação de qualidade de vida no contexto do HIV/AIDS.
Menezes, C. B., & Bizarro, L. (2015). Effects of a brief meditation training on negative affect, trait anxiety and concentrated attention. Paidéia (Ribeirão Preto), 25, 393-401.
Murakami, R., & Campos, C. J. G. (2012). Religião e saúde mental: desafio de integrar a religiosidade ao cuidado com o paciente. Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem, 65, 361-367.
O’Regan, B., & Hirshberg, C. (1993). Spontaneous remission. An Annotated Bibliography. Sausolito: Institute of Noetic Sciences.
Rocha, N. S. D., & Fleck, M. P. D. A. (2011). Avaliação de qualidade de vida e importância dada a espiritualidade/religiosidade/crenças pessoais (SRPB) em adultos com e sem problemas crônicos de saúde. Archives of Clinical Psychiatry (São Paulo), 38, 19-23.
Sperduti, M., Martinelli, P., & Piolino, P. (2012). A neurocognitive model of meditation based on activation likelihood estimation (ALE) meta-analysis. Consciousness and cognition, 21(1), 269-276.
Stroppa, A., & Moreira-Almeida, A. (2008). Religiosidade e saúde. Saúde e espiritualidade: uma nova visão da medicina. Inede, 427-443.
Paiva, G. J. de. (2001). Entre necessidade e desejo: diálogos da psicologia com a religião. Loyola.
Vøllestad, J., Nielsen, M. B., & Nielsen, G. H. (2012). Mindfulness‐and acceptance‐based interventions for anxiety disorders: A systematic review and meta‐analysis. British journal of clinical psychology, 51(3), 239-260.
Zeidan, F., Grant, J. A., Brown, C. A., McHaffie, J. G., & Coghill, R. C. (2012). Mindfulness meditation-related pain relief: evidence for unique brain mechanisms in the regulation of pain. Neuroscience letters, 520(2), 165-173.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 Maria Tereza Gonçalves-Mendes; Bruno Pinheiro Cambiaghi; Tales Alexandre Aversi-Ferreira
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
1) Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
2) Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
3) Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.