Can preterm birth affect the palate morphology? A systematic review
Keywords:Palate; Premature newborn; Systematic review.
The purpose of this review was to evaluate whether preterm birth affects palate morphology. Opened electronic search in PubMed (MEDLINE), Lilacs, Scopus and Web of Science was conducted and a partial search of the gray literature using Google Scholar, Open Gray and ProQuest. We included studies with infants born prematurely (born up to the 37th week of gestation and weighing less than 2.500 g) and not preterm infants; intubated and not intubated. Two independent reviewers performed study selection, data extraction, and bias risk assessment. Selection criteria included observational, retrospective and prospective, randomized or nonrandomized cohort studies and control studies. There was no restriction on publication time and article language. A total of 2344 articles were found after the duplicates were removed, of which 7 met the inclusion criteria and were submitted to a Bias Risk analysis using MASTARI. Scientific evidence was found for altered palate morphology among premature infants, and oral intubation was a contributing factor for such alterations. Based on this review, it is concluded that premature birth changes palate morphology, when prematurity is associated with the use of the orotracheal tube.
Adeni, S., Fadavi S., Dziedzic. K. (1989). Defects in primary dentition following neonatal intubation. Clin Res, 37, 961.
Alves, P. V., & Luiz, R. R. (2012). The influence of orotracheal intubation on the oral tissue development in preterm infants. Oral Health Prev Dent, 10(2), 141-7.
American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry Council on Clinical Affairs. (2005). Policy on oral habits. Pediatr Dent, 27(7 Suppl), 40-1.
Ash, S. P., & Moss, J. P. (1987). An investigation of the features of the pre-term infant palate and the effect of prolonged orotracheal intubation with and without protective appliances. Br J Orthod, 14(4), 253-61. doi:10.1179/bjo.14.4.253
Avery, F. L. (1988). Determinants of size and maturity at birth. Pediatr Med, 130-45.
Boice, J. B., Krous, H. F., & Foley, J. M. (1976). Gingival and dental complications of orotracheal intubation. JAMA, 236(8), 957-8.
Carrillo, P. J. (1985). Palatal groove formation and oral endotracheal intubation. Am J Dis Child, 139(9), 859-60. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1985.02140110013008
Copper, R. L., Goldenberg, R. L., Creasy, R. K., DuBard, M. B., Davis, R. O., Entman, S. S., & Cliver, S. P. (1993). A multicenter study of preterm birth weight and gestational age-specific neonatal mortality. Am J Obstet Gynecol, 168(1 Pt 1), 78-84. doi:10.1016/s0002-9378(12)90889-3
Donley, C. L., & Nelson, L. P. (2000). Comparison of palatal and alveolar cysts of the newborn in premature and full-term infants. Pediatr Dent, 22(4), 321-4.
Duke, P. M., Coulson, J. D., Santos, J. I., & Johnson, J. D. (1976). Cleft palate associated with prolonged orotracheal intubation in infancy. J Pediatr, 89(6), 990-1. doi:10.1016/s0022-3476(76)80618-x
Erenberg, A., & Nowak, A. J. (1984a). Appliance for stabilizing orogastric and orotracheal tubes in infants. Crit Care Med, 12(8), 669-71. doi:10.1097/00003246-198408000-00014
Erenberg, A., & Nowak, A. J. (1984b). Palatal groove formation in neonates and infants with orotracheal tubes. Am J Dis Child, 138(10), 974-5. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1984.02140480076023
Fadavi, S., Adeni, S., Dziedzic, K., Punwani, I., & Vidyasagar, D. (1990). Use of a palatal stabilizing device in prevention of palatal grooves in premature infants. Crit Care Med, 18(11), 1279-81. doi:10.1097/00003246-199011000-00019
Fadavi, S., Adeni, S., Dziedzic, K., Punwani, I., & Vidyasagar, D. (1992). The oral effects of orotracheal intubation in prematurely born preschoolers. ASDC J Dent Child, 59(6), 420-4.
Fadavi, S. Adeni, S., Dziedzic, K., Punwani, I., & Vidyasagar, D. (1989). The effects of oral intubation on primary dentition- A cross sectional study. J Dent Res, 68, 418.
Fadavi, S., Punwani, I. C., Vidyasagar, D., & Adeni, S. (1990). Intraoral prosthetic appliance for the prevention of palatal grooving in premature intubated infants. Clin Prev Dent, 12(1), 9-12.
Farsi, N. M., & Salama, F. S. (1997). Sucking habits in Saudi children: prevalence, contributing factors and effects on the primary dentition. Pediatr Dent, 19(1), 28-33.
Germa, A., Marret, S., Thiriez, G., Rousseau, S., Hascoet, J. M., Paulsson-Bjornsson, L., Söderfeldt, B., Ancel, P., Larroque, B., Kaminski, M., & Nabet, C. (2012). Neonatal factors associated with alteration of palatal morphology in very preterm children: the EPIPAGE cohort study. Early Hum Dev, 88(6), 413-20. doi:10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2011.10.006
Hohoff, A., Rabe, H., Ehmer, U., & Harms, E. (2005). Palatal development of preterm and low birthweight infants compared to term infants - What do we know? Part 2: The palate of the preterm/low birthweight infant. Head Face Med, 1, 9. doi:10.1186/1746-160X-1-9
Kopra, C. P., Buckwald, S., Kopra, L. F., & Carter, J. M. (1988). The oral effects of neonatal intubation. J Dent Res, 97, 334.
Kopra, D. E., & Davis, E. L. (1991). Prevalence of oral defects among neonatally intubated 3- to 5- and 7- to 10-year old children. Pediatr Dent, 13(6), 349-55.
Larsson, E. (1986). The effect of dummy-sucking on the occlusion: a review. Eur J Orthod, 8(2), 127-30. doi:10.1093/ejo/8.2.127
Lissauer T, C. W. (1997). Chapter 9: Perinatal Medicine Illustrated Textbook of Paediatrics.
Macey-Dare, L. V., Moles, D. R., Evans, R. D., & Nixon, F. (1999). Long-term effect of neonatal endotracheal intubation on palatal form and symmetry in 8-11-year-old children. Eur J Orthod, 21(6), 703-10. doi:10.1093/ejo/21.6.703
Magalhaes, I. B., Pereira, L. J., Marques, L. S., & Gameiro, G. H. (2010). The influence of malocclusion on masticatory performance. A systematic review. Angle Orthod, 80(5), 981-7. doi:10.2319/011910-33.1
Marlow, N., Roberts, L., & Cooke, R. (1993). Outcome at 8 years for children with birth weights of 1250 g or less. Arch Dis Child, 68(3 Spec No), 286-90. doi:10.1136/adc.68.3_spec_no.286
Moher, D., Liberati, A., Tetzlaff, J., Altman, D. G., & Group, P. (2009). Preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses: the PRISMA statement. BMJ, 339, b2535. doi:10.1136/bmj.b2535
Molteni, R. A., & Bumstead, D. H. (1986). Development and severity of palatal grooves in orally intubated newborns. Effect of 'soft' endotracheal tubes. Am J Dis Child, 140(4), 357-9. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1986.02140180091032
Moylan, F. M., Seldin, E. B., Shannon, D. C., & Todres, I. D. (1980). Defective primary dentition in survivors of neonatal mechanical ventilation. J Pediatr, 96(1), 106-8. doi:10.1016/s0022-3476(80)80341-6
Paulsson, L., Bondemark, L., & Soderfeldt, B. (2004). A systematic review of the consequences of premature birth on palatal morphology, dental occlusion, tooth-crown dimensions, and tooth maturity and eruption. Angle Orthod, 74(2), 269-9. doi:10.1043/0003-3219(2004)074<0269:ASROTC>2.0.CO;2
Paulsson, L., Soderfeldt, B., & Bondemark, L. (2008). Malocclusion traits and orthodontic treatment needs in prematurely born children. Angle Orthod, 78(5), 786-92. doi:10.2319/083007-402.1
Procter, A. M., Lether, D., Oliver, R. G., & Cartlidge, P. H. (1998). Deformation of the palate in preterm infants. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed, 78(1), F29-32. doi:10.1136/fn.78.1.f29
Rythen, M., Thilander, B., & Robertson, A. (2013). Dento-alveolar characteristics in adolescents born extremely preterm. Eur J Orthod, 35(4), 475-82. doi:10.1093/ejo/cjs034
Saunders, B. S., Easa, D., & Slaughter, R. J. (1976). Acquired palatal groove in neonates. A report of two cases. J Pediatr, 89(6), 988-989. doi:10.1016/s0022-3476(76)80617-8
Seow, W. K. (1997). Effects of preterm birth on oral growth and development. Aust Dent J, 42(2), 85-91. doi:10.1111/j.1834-7819.1997.tb00102.x
Stankiewicz, B., Palko, K. J., Darowski, M., Zielinski, K., & Kozarski, M. (2017). A new infant hybrid respiratory simulator: preliminary evaluation based on clinical data. Med Biol Eng Comput, 55(11), 1937-48. doi:10.1007/s11517-017-1635-9
Stjernqvist, K., & Svenningsen, N. W. (1999). Ten-year follow-up of children born before 29 gestational weeks: health, cognitive development, behaviour and school achievement. Acta Paediatr, 88(5), 557-62. doi:10.1080/08035259950169594
Sullivan, P. G. (1982). An appliance to support oral intubation in the premature infant. Br Dent J, 152(6), 191-5. doi:10.1038/sj.bdj.4804784
von Gonten, A. S., Meyer, J. B., Jr., & Kim, A. K. (1995). Dental management of neonates requiring prolonged oral intubation. J Prosthodont, 4(4), 221-5. doi:10.1111/j.1532-849x.1995.tb00345.x
Warwick-Brown, M. M. (1987). Neonatal palatal deformity following oral intubation. Br Dent J, 162(7), 258-9. doi:10.1038/sj.bdj.4806097
Watterberg, K. L., & Munsick, B. (1986). Incidence and persistence of acquired palatal groove in preterm neonates following prolongued orotracheal intubation. Pediatr Res, 20, 1357.
Wetzel, R. C. (1980). Defective dentition following mechanical ventilation. J Pediatr, 97(2), 334. doi:10.1016/s0022-3476(80)80519-1
Wolke, D. (1998). Psychological development of prematurely born children. Arch Dis Child, 78(6), 567-70. doi:10.1136/adc.78.6.567
World Health Organization. (2015). Brazil: WHO statistical profile. Retrieved from https://www.who.int/gho/countries/bra.pdf
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 Layza Rossatto Oppitz; Flavio Magno Gonçalves; Neblyssa Agatha Schneider; Ana Carolina Mastriani Arantes; Bruna Marlene de Miranda; Odilon Guariza-Filho; Aline Cristina Batista Rodrigues Johann; Cristiano Miranda de Araujo; Elisa Souza Camargo
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
1) Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
2) Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
3) Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.