Health risk assessment by trace elements in an aquatic system in midwestern Brazil

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v10i10.19037

Keywords:

Water pollution; Metal; Non-carcinogenic risk; Cancer risk; Contamination.

Abstract

Water is an important asset for the maintenance of life and socioeconomic development. Aquatic environments have been anthropized, receiving a large polluting load, mainly from trace elements.This study investigates the occurrence of health risks caused by 15 trace elements in the surface water of João Leite stream. Health risk indices were evaluated as average daily dose (ADD), hazard quotient (HQ), hazard index and carcinogenic risk. The risk analysis to human health of the stream João Leite water, indicated that the ADDingestion for the adults had the highest for Fe 1.86E-00 µg/kg/day and lower value for Be 8.0E-05 µg/kg/day. On the other hand, of ADDdermal the highest value was for Fe 5.02E-02 µg/kg/day and, the smallest for Sb 1.54E-05 µg/kg/day. For children to ADDingestion obtained was obtained the highest Fe value 2.60E-00 µg/kg/day and smaller for Be 1.12E-04 µg/kg/day. For ADDdermal the highest value was for Fe 8.58E-02 µg/kg/day and smaller for Sb 2.64E-05 µg/kg/day. HQ for adults ranged from 1.61E-05 to 2.97E-01 for HQingestion and 7.71E-06 to 1.01E-01 for HQdermal. For children 2.25E-05 to 3.74E-01 for HQingestion and 1.32E-05 to 1.73E-01 for HQdermal. The health risk assessment showed that for children, the trace elements present in water have a potentially adverse effect on non-carcinogenic health. The carcinogenic risks were unacceptable for both children and adults. Thus, it is recommended that the use of these waters be limited and that measures be taken to minimize pollution by trace elements.

References

Abdel-satar, A. M., Ali, M. H., & Goher, M. E. (2017). Indices of water quality and metal pollution of Nile. The Egyptian Journal of Aquatic Research, 43(1), 21–29. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejar.2016.12.006

Arantes, A. G. S. (2017). Abastecimento público do ribeirão joão leite – go. https://repositorio.bc.ufg.br/tede/handle/tede/7808

Beyersmann, D., & Hartwig, A. (2008). Carcinogenic metal compounds: Recent insight into molecular and cellular mechanisms. Archives of Toxicology, 82(8), 493–512. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00204-008-0313-y

Cempel, M., & Nikel, G. (2006). Nickel : A Review of Its Sources and Environmental Toxicology. 15(3), 375–382.

Cetesb (Companhia Ambiental do Estado de São Paulo). (2011). Guia Nacional de Coleta e Preservação de Amostras - Água, Sedimento, Comunidades Aquáticas e Efluentes Líquidos. Companhia Ambiental Do Estado de São Paulo, 326p. https://doi.org/C737g

Clescerl, L., Greenberg, A., & Eaton, A. (1999). Standard Methods for Examining Water and Wastewater.

Conama (Conselho Nacional do Meio Ambiente). (2005). Resolução n 357, 18 de março de 2005. Diário Oficial, 053, 58–63.

Emenike, P. G. C., Neris, J. B., Tenebe, I. T., Nnaji, C. C., & Jarvis, P. (2020). Estimation of some trace metal pollutants in River Atuwara southwestern Nigeria and spatio-temporal human health risks assessment. Chemosphere, 239, 124770. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.124770

Ferré-Huguet, N., Nadal, M., Schuhmacher, M., & Domingo, J. L. (2009). Human health risk assessment for environmental exposure to metals in the Catalan stretch of the Ebro River, Spain. Human and Ecological Risk Assessment, 15(3), 604–623. https://doi.org/10.1080/10807030902892604

Ferreira, J. C., Pais, M. S., Yamanaka, K., Carrijo, G. A., Teixeira, M. B., Silva, R. T. da, & Rabelo, C. G. (2011). Previsão de vazão da bacia do ribeiro joão leite utilizando redes neurais artificiais. Botucatu Irriga, 16(3), 339–350. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781107415324.004

Gummow, B., & Sciences, B. (2011). Vanadium : Environmental Pollution and Health Effects. 628–636.

Igbinedion, J. J., & Oguzie, F. A. (2016). Heavy Metals Concentration in Fish and Water of River Osse Benin City Nigeria. 4(3), 80–84. https://doi.org/10.12691/ijebb-4-3-2

Ilechukwu, I., Osuji, L. C., Okoli, C. P., Onyema, M. O., & Ndukwe, G. I. (2021). Assessment of heavy metal pollution in soils and health risk consequences of human exposure within the vicinity of hot mix asphalt plants in Rivers State, Nigeria. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 193, 461 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-021-09208-6

Joardar, M., Das, A., Mridha, D., Nilanjana, A. De, & Chowdhury, R. (2020). Evaluation of Acute and Chronic Arsenic Exposure on School Children from Exposed and Apparently Control Areas of West Bengal , India. Exposure and Health, 0123456789. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12403-020-00360-x

Köche, J. C. (2016). Fundamentos de metodologia científica. Editora Vozes.

Koedrith, P., & Seo, Y. R. (2011). Advances in Carcinogenic Metal Toxicity and Potential Molecular Markers. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 12(12), 9576–9595. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms12129576

Kumar, V., Sharma, A., Kumar, R., Bhardwaj, R., Kumar Thukral, A., & Rodrigo-Comino, J. (2020). Assessment of heavy-metal pollution in three different Indian water bodies by combination of multivariate analysis and water pollution indices. Human and Ecological Risk Assessment, 26(1), 1–16. https://doi.org/10.1080/10807039.2018.1497946

Leyssens, L., Vinck, B., Van Der Straeten, C., Wuyts, F., & Maes, L. (2017). Cobalt toxicity in humans—A review of the potential sources and systemic health effects. Toxicology, 387(March), 43–56. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tox.2017.05.015

Ma, X., Zuo, H., Tian, M., Zhang, L., Meng, J., Zhou, X., Min, N., Chang, X., & Liu, Y. (2016). Assessment of heavy metals contamination in sediments from three adjacent regions of the Yellow River using metal chemical fractions and multivariate analysis techniques. Chemosphere, 144, 264–272. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2015.08.026

MacHado, C. S., Alves, R. I. S., Fregonesi, B. M., Tonani, K. A. A., Martinis, B. S., Sierra, J., Nadal, M., Domingo, J. L., & Segura-Muñoz, S. (2016). Chemical Contamination of Water and Sediments in the Pardo River, São Paulo, Brazil. Procedia Engineering, 162, 230–237. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2016.11.046

Machado, C. S., Fregonesi, B. M., Alves, R. I. S., Tonani, K. A. A., Sierra, J., Martinis, B. S., Celere, B. S., Mari, M., Schuhmacher, M., Nadal, M., Domingo, J. L., & Segura-Muñoz, S. (2017). Health risks of environmental exposure to metals and herbicides in the Pardo River, Brazil. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 24(25), 20160–20172. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-017-9461-z

Means, B. (1989). Risk-assessment guidance for superfund. Volume 1. Human health evaluation manual. Part A. Interim report (Final) (U. S. E. P. Agency (ed.); Office of).

Mehta, B. C., & Srivastava, K. K. (2012). Iron in ground water in india and its geochemistry. Indian Society of Applied Geochemists Memoir, 1, 227–240

Mohammadi, A. A., Zarei, A., Majidi, S., Ghaderpoury, A., Hashempour, Y., Saghi, M. H., ... & Ghaderpoori, M. (2019). Carcinogenic and non-carcinogenic health risk assessment of heavy metals in drinking water of Khorramabad, Iran. MethodsX, 6, 1642-1651. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mex.2019.07.017

Munger, Z. W., Shahady, T. D., & Schreiber, M. E. (2017). Effects of reservoir stratification and watershed hydrology on manganese and iron in a dam-regulated river. Hydrological Processes, 31(8), 1622–1635. https://doi.org/10.1002/hyp.11131

Oca, R. M. G. F.-M. de, Ramos-Leal, J. A., Morán-Ramírez, J., Esquivel-Martínez, J. M., Álvarez-Bastida, C., & Fuentes-Rivas, R. M. (2020). Hydrogeochemical Characterization and Assessment of Contamination by Inorganic and Organic Matter in the Groundwater of a Volcano-Sedimentary Aquifer. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-020-02819-8

OEHHA (Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment). (2020). Toxicity criteria on chemicals evaluated by OEHHA.https://oehha.ca.gov/chemicals.

Pereira, A. S., Shitsuka, D. M., Parreira, F. J., & Shitsuka, R. (2018). Metodologia da pesquisa científica.[e-book].

RAIS (Risk Assessment Information Systemrais). (2020). The Risk Assessment Information System: Toxicity profiles. https://rais.ornl.gov/tools/tox_profiles.html

Rehman, I. ur, Ishaq, M., Ali, L., Khan, S., Ahmad, I., Ud, I., & Ullah, H. (2018). Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety Enrichment , spatial distribution of potential ecological and human health risk assessment via toxic metals in soil and surface water ingestion in the vicinity of Sewakht mines , district Chitral , Northern Pakistan. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 154(February), 127–136. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2018.02.033

Roubicek, D. A., Rech, C. M., & Umbuzeiro, G. A. (2020). Mutagenicity as a parameter in surface water monitoring programs—opportunity for water quality improvement. Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis, 61(1), 200–211. https://doi.org/10.1002/em.22316

Saha, N., Rahman, M. S., Ahmed, M. B., Zhou, J. L., Ngo, H. H., & Guo, W. (2017). Industrial metal pollution in water and probabilistic assessment of human health risk. Journal of environmental management, 185, 70-78. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2016.10.023

Sánchez-Mateos, S., Pérez, L. V., Córdova Suárez, M. A., & Cabrera-Riofrio, D. A. (2020). Heavy metal contamination in the Cotopaxi and Tungurahua rivers: a health risk. Environmental Earth Sciences, 79(6), 1–14. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12665-020-8869-9

Sarkar, A., & Shekhar, S. (2018). Iron contamination in the waters of Upper Yamuna basin. Groundwater for Sustainable Development, 7(July 2017), 421–429. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gsd.2017.12.011

Schäffner, F., Merten, D., Pollok, K., Wagner, S., Knoblauch, S., Langenhorst, F., & Büchel, G. (2015). Fast formation of supergene Mn oxides/hydroxides under acidic conditions in the oxic/anoxic transition zone of a shallow aquifer. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 22(24), 19362–19375. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-015-4404-z

Shil, S., & Singh, U. K. (2019). Health risk assessment and spatial variations of dissolved heavy metals and metalloids in a tropical river basin system. Ecological Indicators, 106, 105455. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2019.105455

Usepa (United States Environmental Protection Agenc). (2020). Human Health Risk Assessment. https://www.epa.gov/risk/human-health-risk-assessment.

USEPA (United States Environmental Protection Agenc). (2020). Human Health Risk Assessment. https://www.epa.gov/risk/human-health-risk-assessment

Wongsasuluk, P., Chotpantarat, S., Siriwong, W., & Robson, M. (2014). Heavy metal contamination and human health risk assessment in drinking water from shallow groundwater wells in an agricultural area in Ubon Ratchathani province, Thailand. Environmental Geochemistry and Health, 36(1), 169–182. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10653-013-9537-8

Xiao, J., Wang, L., Deng, L., & Jin, Z. (2019). Characteristics, sources, water quality and health risk assessment of trace elements in river water and well water in the Chinese Loess Plateau. Science of the Total Environment, 650, 2004-2012. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.09.322

Yaman, B. (2020). Health Effects of Chromium and Its Concentrations in Cereal Foods Together with Sulfur. Exposure and Health, 12(2), 153–161. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12403-019-00298-9

Zhou, Y., Ning, J., Li, L., Long, Q., Wei, A., & Liu, Z. (2020). Health Risk Assessment of Groundwater in Gaobeidian , North China : Distribution , Source , and Chemical Species of the Main Contaminants. Exposure and Health, 12(3), 427–446. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12403-020-00365-6

Downloads

Published

14/08/2021

How to Cite

GOMES, R. P. .; OLIVEIRA , T. R. .; GAMA , A. R. .; LIMA , F. S. .; VIEIRA, J. D. G. .; ROCHA , T. L. .; CARNEIRO , L. C. . Health risk assessment by trace elements in an aquatic system in midwestern Brazil. Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 10, n. 10, p. e398101019037, 2021. DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v10i10.19037. Disponível em: https://rsdjournal.org/index.php/rsd/article/view/19037. Acesso em: 3 dec. 2021.

Issue

Section

Health Sciences